Promoting Health in Healthy Living Centres - a Clinical Study Among Adults
This trial is active, not recruiting.
|Treatment||counselling and education individually and in groups|
|Sponsor||University of Bergen|
|Collaborator||University of Agder|
|Start date||June 2014|
|End date||March 2018|
|Trial size||118 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT02247219, 228454/DHE|
The study aims at:
Using Intervention mapping as a planning approach for behavior change intervention programs, based on an ecological approach to health and local community and user participation.
- Explore the behavioral change processes utilizing qualitative methods.
- Develop theory-based behavior change programs across different domain at healthy living centres.
- Evaluate the effect of behavior change intervention programs across different domains.
- Increase health providers` competence in effective behavioral change intervention techniques by networks and education seminars between municipalities and research groups.
- The programs will specifically target the underlying causes of chronic disease. The investigators will map the distribution of lifestyle habits among individuals and families. The investigators will also explore how lifestyle habits relate to known determinants of social health inequality, such as adverse previous experiences, participation in working life and low income.
- The investigators also intend to study if socioeconomic differences are of importance for entering or dropping out of HLC interventions, and the ability to sustain lifestyle changes. The investigators will do so by stratified analyses, or by using socioeconomic variables as determinants in effect analyses.
|Endpoint classification||efficacy study|
|Intervention model||parallel assignment|
|Primary purpose||health services research|
Physical activity changes measured with accelerometer
time frame: 6 months
Dietary changes measured with validated questionnaire
time frame: 6 months
Wellbeing, self-rated health and body satisfaction
time frame: 6 months
Male or female participants from 18 years up to 80 years old.
Inclusion Criteria: All persons attending a participating Healthy living center who understands norwegian and can answer the questionnaires - Exclusion Criteria: Do not understand written norwegian language
|Official title||Promoting Health in Healthy Living Centres - Does it Work, How Does it Work and Why?|
|Principal investigator||Gro B Samdal, Masters|
|Description||Approaches, hypotheses and choice of method A multidisciplinary team of researchers will work to realize this project according to a systematic stepwise approach that combines the use of the PRECEDE-PROCEED model and Intervention Mapping (IM) protocol. The PRECEDE-PROCEED model is a conceptual model serving the needs of the current project with an educational and ecological approach in health program planning. IM will be used as a planning approach to develop theory- and evidence based health promoting intervention programs. Following the IM process, it maps the path from needs assessment, development of program objectives, selection of intervention methods and strategies, and program design. A benefit of IM is its linkage with community-based participatory research as it includes engagement of community members to identify and refine priority areas. Thus, the process of including IM in developing intervention programs will secure that users and staff in the healthy living centres will have significant autonomy and may influence the development of the intervention programme, and tailor the intervention to fit local needs. In the initial steps of the IM process will explore the research field utilizing qualitative research methods. The investigators will use focus groups and in-depth interviews to obtain sufficient information to tailor the intervention to local needs and resources. The investigators intend to explore the expectations staff and users of HLCs have about the different intervention programmes, and how they perceive attendance. The research program will have Self Determination Theory (SDT) as a theoretical point of departure and as an overall theoretical framework for qualitative studies and RCTs of behavioral intervention programs across different behavioural domains. Even though our logic model for understanding behavioral change is linear, focusing on the presumed cause-effect identified in theory and empirical research, the investigators acknowledge that the behavioral treatment programs and proposed outcomes are part of a complex multilevel system (an ecological approach) (Bartholomew et al.2011). An ecological way of analyzing health problems and solutions support the use of a variety of theories when developing a program, as opposed to one single theory. Theories can help in describing the at-risk groups and environmental agents, understand the health-promotion behaviors and environmental agents, understanding the heath-promotion behaviors, and finding methods to promote change (Bartholomew, 2011). The 0-hypothesis in the controlled studies is that the different behavioral treatment programs have no effects compared with controls. Alternative research hypotheses are: - Participants who perceive the interpersonal health care-climate as autonomy supportive, will report more autonomous reasons for attending the program and following it`s guidelines (self-determined). - The program will predict increases in autonomous motivation for behavioral change, perceived self-efficacy for program constructs: e.g. physical exercise, healthy eating, and quality of life. - The program will improve the participants' health behavior. - The program will improve the participants' self-perceived health and risk factors of non-communicable diseases. The investigators will also measure effects on health behaviour and health in ordinary practice in the municipalities, in studying effects of systemic and organisational interventions. This will benefit the external validity of the research project.|
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