Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions caries involving multiple surfaces of tooth, dental caries on chewing surface of tooth, dental caries extending into dentine
Treatments gic restorations, carbomer restorations, compomer restorations
Sponsor Daniela Prócida Raggio
Collaborator Academic Centre for Dentistry in Amsterdam
Start date July 2014
End date February 2015
Trial size 530 participants
Trial identifier NCT02217098, FOUSP6808912

Summary

The null hypothesis of this study is that GCC, GIC and compomer have the same survival rate when used for the treatment of occlusal and proximal caries in primary molars with ART under field conditions.

This research will be done under field conditions in Barueri, a city in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. A total of 600 patients will be selected. After 1, 6, 12, 18 and 24 months the restorations and teeth will be evaluated by two independent evaluators. Only children whose parent or representative who have signed an informed consent are included in this research.The ART treatments will be done by two dental students. The operators will receive the same ART-training. The children will be randomly assigned to one of the operators. The restorative material to be used in each child will be assigned by another random list. It will be performed descriptive analyses to describe the sample. Bivariate analyses will be performed to test the hypothesis. The data will be analyzed with a chi-square test to compare the survival rates of GIC and GCC. Some co-variables will be evaluated, such as: operator effect, the influence of the cavity size on the survival rate, the position of the tooth, the dentists preferred side, the child's dmft/DMFT, contamination and finally the preoperative conditions. The effect of these variables on the survival rate will be evaluated using a regression analysis.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking double blind (subject, investigator)
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Active Comparator)
Restorations using Glass Ionomer Cement
gic restorations
Restorations using Glass Ionomer Cement
(Experimental)
Restorations using Compomer
compomer restorations
Restorations using Compomer
(Experimental)
Restorations using Glass Carbomer
carbomer restorations
Restorations using Glass Carbomer

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Survival rate (longevity) of ART restorations using differents materials
time frame: 6, 12, 24 and 36 months follow-up

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Association between survival and gender
time frame: 6, 12, 24 and 36 months follow-up
Association between survival and DMFT (caries experience)
time frame: 6, 12, 24 and 36 months follow-up
Association between survival and occlusal contact after restoration
time frame: 6, 12, 24 and 36 months follow-up
Association between sucess and ICDAS of the adjacent tooth (if there is a dentin cavited lesion or not)
time frame: 6, 12, 24 and 36 months follow-up
Cost-effectiveness of the 3 materials and their association with survival rate
time frame: 6, 12, 24 and 36 months follow-up
Comparition between Success of the restoration and longevity of the teeth (with or without pulp damage and exfoliation in the normal time)
time frame: 6, 12, 24 and 36 months follow-up

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 4 years up to 8 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: Inclusion criteria for the patient: - Healthy children, age: 4-8 years - At least one occlusal or proximal carious lesion in primary molar involving dentin - Cooperative behavior - Presence of antagonist of the tooth Inclusion criteria for the tooth: - Carious lesion involving dentin with dimensions bucco-lingual and mesio-distal not greater than 2.5mm, occluso-cervical not greater than 2.0mm - Absence of tooth mobility and abscess or fistula near to the selected tooth Exclusion Criteria: - Only children whose parent or representative who have signed an informed consent are included in this research. Only one restoration per child will be included in this study. If more carious lesions are present, one of them will be randomly selected for this research.

Additional Information

Official title The Survival Rate of Glass Ionomer Cement, Glass Carbomer Cement and Compomer in Occlusal and Proximal ART Restorations
Principal investigator Isabel Cristina O Costa, MS Student
Description The null hypothesis of this study is that GCC, GIC and compomer have the same survival rate when used for the treatment of occlusal and proximal caries in primary molars with ART under field conditions. This research will be done under field conditions in Barueri, a city in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. A total of 600 patients will be selected, 300 patients with one occlusal carie lesion and 300 different patients with occlusal proximal cavities. After 1, 6, 12, 18 and 24 months the restorations and teeth will be evaluated by two independent evaluators. Only children whose parent or representative who have signed an informed consent are included in this research. Only one restoration per child will be included in this study. If more carious lesions are present, one of them will be randomly selected for this research. The remaining carious lesions will be also be treated. The ART treatments will be done by two dental students. The operators will receive the same ART-training. The children will be randomly assigned to one of the operators. The restorative material to be used in each child will be assigned by another random list. The selected children can have or an occlusal (O) cavity or an occlusalproximal (OP) cavity. So, the stratum of the study is OP and O. So, one randomization list will be performed for occlusal cavities and another randomization list will be used for occlusal proximal cavities. It will be performed descriptive analyses to describe the sample. Bivariate analyses will be performed to test the hypothesis. The data will be analyzed with a chi-square test to compare the survival rates of GIC and GCC. Some co-variables will be evaluated, such as: operator effect, the influence of the cavity size on the survival rate, the position of the tooth, the dentists preferred side, the child's dmft/DMFT, contamination and finally the preoperative conditions. The effect of these variables on the survival rate will be evaluated using a regression analysis.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in July 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by University of Sao Paulo.