This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions assault by handgun discharge, violence, homicide, sexual assault by bodily force, substance abuse problem
Treatments lithium water, placebo: spring mineral water, natural spring water
Sponsor American Society Of Thermalism And Climatology Inc
Start date August 2014
End date December 2015
Trial size 400 participants
Trial identifier NCT02213614, vio829429989


The word lithium frequently conjures images of catatonic psychiatric patients and side effects so severe that premature death is commonplace. But naturally occurring lithium is a far cry from pharmaceutical grades. Found in the soil, water and certain foods, it is an essential mineral for maintaining physical and mental health. When exposure is low, suicide rates, mental illness and violent crime increase

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification safety study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose prevention
The Long term goal of this research project is the implementation of an effective, inexpensive therapy in communities with high risk of violence. Therapy will be based on a daily dietary supplement LIWA at appropriate doses. The short-term objective is to prove that Lithium water (LIWA) as a daily supplement is an intervention that prevents gun violence from occurring, and is a factor that decrease the violence for gun in our communities Gun violence poses a serious threat to America's children and youth. Existing data clearly point to the need for improved strategies for keeping guns out of the hands of children and youth and those who would harm them.
lithium water Lithium Water
Supply daily doses of Lithium water in form bottled mineral water
This group will be drink natural spring water for 4 months in tres cicles
placebo: spring mineral water natural water
Drink spring natural water a placebo 3 times a day
natural spring water natural water
A group will drink natural spring water for 4 months

Primary Outcomes

Change behavioral tendencies due to lithium water treatment
time frame: 1 year

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 14 years up to 60 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Men and women aged 14-60. - Existence of alcoholism, substance abuse, violence antecedent, suicide history Answered all questions in the pre-treatment safety questionnaire. Gave their oral and written consent to participate in the trial. Exclusion Criteria: Patients with renal failure, cardiovascular insufficiency, Addison's disease and untreated hypothyroidism. Pregnancy. Patients who have vomiting or diarrhea or if fluid or salt (sodium) intake is increased or decreased. Inadequate communication with examiner. Participation in another clinical study, either concurrent with this trial or in the 3 months preceding it. Inability to sign a consent form.

Additional Information

Official title Lithium Water Use in Gun Violence Prevention
Principal investigator Garis Silega
Description Lithium has a long history of use in the treatment of mental disorders. However, it hasn't been until recently that scientists began exploring the psychiatric implications of naturally occurring lithium in the water supply. As stated in the article, Foods Rich in Lithium And Lithium Supplements: "Research suggests that locations with the highest concentration of lithium tend to have the lowest rates of depression and violent crime. These studies have been conducted across the globe in different climates with different natural habits and diets. Researchers have therefore concluded that this phenomenon is fairly universal." A study in the United States agrees with these findings. According to Everything Addiction: "In a 1990 study of 27 Texas counties, researchers found an "inverse association of tap water lithium content in areas of Texas with the rates of mental hospital admissions, suicides, homicides, and certain other crimes." It was also discovered that young men incarcerated for violent crimes in some parts of Texas had disproportionately low lithium levels. Schrauzer and Shrestha discovered that the negative correlation was confirmed," especially in the south-central region of the state where high suicide mortality rates correspond to low lithium concentrations."' Another study published in the British Journal of Psychiatry had similar results. Researchers at Oita University examined the suicide rates in Japan's Oita prefecture. The team discovered that cities with higher levels of natural lithium in the public water supply had lower rates of suicide overall.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in June 2015.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by American Society Of Thermalism And Climatology Inc.