Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions energy intake, snacks, children, preschool
Treatments snacking, no snacking
Sponsor University of Tennessee
Start date September 2014
End date December 2016
Trial size 20 participants
Trial identifier NCT02207049, 9564 B

Summary

The purpose of this pilot study will be to examine the influence of providing snacks on consumption of overall energy intake in children aged 2-5 years in the Early Learning Center (ELC) at the University of Tennessee.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation non-randomized
Intervention model single group assignment
Masking open label
Arm
(Active Comparator)
Preschoolers will be provided their caloric needs within three meals.
no snacking
Caloric needs will be provided to preschoolers within three meals
(Active Comparator)
Preschoolers will be provided three meals and two snacks, with total amount of food provided in the day the same as the Three Meal (TM) arm.
snacking
Snacks will be provided to preschoolers, either as part of total caloric needs or above total caloric needs
(Active Comparator)
Preschoolers will be provided three meals and two snacks with total amount provided in the meals equal to the Three Meal (TM) arm and total amount provided in the snacks equal to Meal plus Snacks (M+S) arm.
snacking
Snacks will be provided to preschoolers, either as part of total caloric needs or above total caloric needs

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Total calories of the food and beverages consumed.
time frame: 3 weeks

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 3 years up to 5 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - 3 -to- 5 years of age - enrolled at the Early Learning Center for the full day program - have guardian consent to participate - like the foods served Exclusion Criteria: - have allergies or intolerances to the foods being served - not able to use a spoon - did not attend all feeding sessions

Additional Information

Official title The Effect of Snack Consumption on Energy Intake in Preschoolers
Principal investigator Hollie A Raynor, PhD, RD, LDN
Description Providing snacks to children is widely recommended for appetite regulation and assisting with meeting nutritional guidelines.1 Currently, snacks contribute a larger portion of dietary intake in children than in previous years.2,3 Additionally, observational research has found that self-reported, low-nutrient-dense snack consumption, has increased among preschoolers (ages 2-to-6 years) over the past 20 years, leading to an increase of total daily energy intake.3 However, no experimental studies examining the influence of snack intake on energy consumption in children have been conducted.2 Therefore, at this time it is not clear how snacks impact appetite regulation or energy intake, especially in young children. Thus, the purpose of this pilot study will be to examine the influence of providing snacks on consumption of overall energy intake in children aged 2-5 years in the Early Learning Center (ELC) at the University of Tennessee. Children will be provided with 3-to-5 ad libitum eating occasions over the course of a day for three sessions. To test the effects of providing snacks to preschoolers on consumption of food throughout the day, the food will be provided in three ways in the three different sessions: 1) children will be provided three meals (TM); 2) children will be provided three meals and two snacks, with total amount of food provided in the day the same as TM (M+S); and 3) children will be provided three meals and two snacks with total amount provided in the meals equal to TM and total amount provided in the snacks equal to M+S (TM+S). Primary Hypothesis: 1) Energy consumed from food and beverages will be greatest during the TM+S session, followed by M+S, and then TM.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in March 2015.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by University of Tennessee.