Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions bypass, gastric, roux-en-y gastric bypass, vertical sleeve gastrectomy, gastric banding, bariatric surgery
Treatments placebo, lo-xenin, hi-xenin, extra hi-xenin
Phase phase 1
Sponsor Washington University School of Medicine
Collaborator National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Start date July 2014
End date July 2016
Trial size 20 participants
Trial identifier NCT02204813, 08-0861F, R01DK088126

Summary

There is a marked and long-lasting improvement in glucose homeostasis that follows Roux-en-y gastric bypass surgery (RYGB) in humans. This improvement has been attributed in large part to an intestinal hormone, called GLP-1, that is released into the circulation immediately after eating. The purpose of this study is to determine if GLP-1 mediates the beneficial effects of RYGB surgery on glucose homeostasis in humans.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Endpoint classification safety/efficacy study
Intervention model single group assignment
Masking single blind (subject)
Primary purpose basic science
Arm
(Experimental)
Healthy, weight stable individuals, with previous Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery. No clinical evidence of type 2 diabetes before and after surgery.
placebo Control
A liquid mixed meal containing 1.5 grams of acetaminophen will be ingested in 7 equal portions from 0-30 minutes. Starting at minus 15 minutes, an intravenous infusion of albumin alone (placebo) will be administered for 5.25 hours.
lo-xenin Lo-Xen
A liquid mixed meal containing 1.5 grams of acetaminophen will be ingested in 7 equal portions from 0-30 minutes. Starting at minus 15 minutes, an intravenous infusion of xenin-25 at a dose of 4 pmoles/kg/min will be administered for 5.25 hours.
hi-xenin Hi-Xen
A liquid mixed meal containing 1.5 grams of acetaminophen will be ingested in 7 equal portions from 0-30 minutes. Starting at minus 15 minutes, an intravenous infusion of xenin-25 at a dose of 12 pmoles/kg/min will be administered for 5.25 hours.
extra hi-xenin XHi-Xen
A liquid mixed meal containing 1.5 grams of acetaminophen will be ingested in 7 equal portions from 0-30 minutes. Starting at minus 15 minutes, an intravenous infusion of xenin-25 at a dose of 24 pmoles/kg/min will be administered for 5.25 hours.

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Insulin secretion rates (ISRs) during each treatment
time frame: 5.5 hours

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Plasma glucose levels during each treatment.
time frame: 5.5 hours
Plasma glucagon levels during each treatment.
time frame: 5.5 hours
Plasma GLP-1 during each treatment.
time frame: 5.5 hours
Plasma C-peptide levels during each treatment.
time frame: 5.5 hours
The rate of gastric emptying during each treatment.
time frame: 5.5 hours

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 18 years up to 65 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Individuals must be able to consent for their own participation (no mental impairment affecting cognition or willingness to follow study instructions). - Healthy, weight stable, with previous Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery and no clinical evidence of type 2 diabetes either before and after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery. - Women of childbearing potential must be currently taking/using a method of birth control that is acceptable to the investigators. A pregnancy test will be done at the beginning of each visit. Any woman with a positive pregnancy test will be removed from the study. - Willingness to return have 8-10ml of blood drawn 25-30 days after the last Xenin infusion; to check for Xenin peptide antibodies that MAY develop. (All efforts will be made to complete this visit during study participation.) Exclusion Criteria: - Lacks cognitive ability to sign the consent &/or follow the study directions for themselves. - Women unwilling to comply with using an acceptable method of contraception during the course of the study, or who are currently breast-feeding. - Volunteers with a history of Acute Pancreatitis. - Volunteers with a history of cancer (except for skin cancer). - Volunteer with a history of Chronic Pancreatitis and/or risk factors for chronic pancreatitis including hypertriglyceridemia (triglycerides >400mg/ml) hypercalcemia (blood calcium level >11.md/dl) and/or the presence of gallstones. - Subjects taking medications known to affect glucose tolerance. - Hematocrit from the lab is below 33% (or if the finger stick hemoglobin measured with the HemoCue 201+ is <11.2 g/dl). - Any major medical conditions, or conditions that in the opinion of the PI make the subject unsuitable for the study. - Subjects with abnormal kidney function as measured by the Creatinine concentration will be excluded. - Subjects with a history of active liver disease or AST/ALT levels >2X upper limit of normal will also be excluded. - Total Bilirubin levels should be <2. - Subjects unwilling to allow the use of their own blood or albumin in the preparation of the peptides. (The blood will prevent sticking of the peptide to the tubing; an alternative method has been sought but not found.) - Unwillingness to return have 8-10ml of blood drawn 25-30 days after the last Xenin infusion; to check for Xenin peptide antibodies that MAY develop. (All efforts will be made to complete this visit during study participation.)

Additional Information

Official title To Define the Role of GLP-1 for Improving Glucose Homeostasis in Humans Following Gastric Bypass Surgery
Principal investigator Burton M Wice, PhD
Description To conduct this study, we will enroll humans who previously underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery, who are medically and weight stable and with no signs of type 2 diabetes either before or after surgery. Potential subjects will first be screened for eligibility and also to verify that they can safely participate in the study. Each study subject will be administered a meal tolerance test (MTT) on 3 separate occasions. For the MTT, a liquid meal (Boost Plus) will be ingested following an overnight fast. A primed-continuous infusion of vehicle alone (human albumin) or xenin-25 alone (at a dose of 4 or 12 pmoles x kg-1 x min-1) will be initiated 15 minutes before the meal is ingested. Blood samples will be collected before and during the MTT for the measurement of glucose and insulin levels, as well as a host of other hormones. A comparison of the results will tell us if the effects of xenin-25 on insulin release are mediated by GLP-1 in humans.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in August 2015.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Washington University School of Medicine.