This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions symptomatic colorectal cancer, advanced colorectal cancer, colorectal cancer with cachexia
Treatments xilonix, placebo
Phase phase 3
Target IL1a
Sponsor XBiotech, Inc.
Start date July 2014
End date November 2015
Trial size 276 participants
Trial identifier NCT02138422, 2014-PT026


The primary objective of this study will be to assess how effective Xilonix is in the treatment of patients with symptomatic colorectal cancer. By blocking a substance that helps tumours grow and spread, Xilonix therapy may not only slow tumour growth, but also may improve symptoms of muscle loss, fatigue, appetite loss, and pain in patients with colorectal cancer. The effectiveness of the therapy will be measured by assessing the change in these symptoms for patients treated with Xilonix versus those treated with placebo. Reversal of muscle loss will be assessed with a type of X-ray called a DEXA scanner. Improvement in pain, appetite loss, and fatigue will be measured with a questionnaire that is completed by patients enrolled on the trial.

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Intervention model parallel assignment
Primary purpose treatment
Masking participant, care provider, investigator, outcomes assessor
(Placebo Comparator)
Placebo administered intravenously every 2 weeks
(Active Comparator)
Xilonix administered intravenously every 2 weeks

Primary Outcomes

Response Rate
time frame: 8 weeks

Eligibility Criteria

All participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: 1. Subjects with pathologically confirmed colorectal carcinoma that is metastatic or unresectable and which is refractory to standard therapy. To be considered refractory, a subject must have failed both an oxaliplatin (oxaliplatin may have been in the adjuvant setting) and an irinotecan based regimen. 2. Symptomatic Disease: One symptom from each domain (metabolic and functional) must be present. - Evidence of metabolic dysfunction, defined as the presence of one or more of the following: - Any degree (up to 20%) of unintentional total body weight loss in the previous 6 months - Serum Interleukin 6 levels ≥10 pg/ml - Evidence of reduced function or presence of cancer related symptoms as determined by EORTC QLQ-C30. - Appetite reduction, with a score of >10 - Presence of fatigue, with a score of >10 - Presence of Pain, with a score of >10 - Decreased Role, Emotional and Social function, with a score of < 90. 3. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 1 or 2. Exclusion Criteria: 1. Mechanical obstruction that would prevent adequate oral nutritional intake. 2. >20% total body weight loss in the previous 6 months. 3. Serious uncontrolled medical disorder, or active infection, that would impair the ability of the patient to receive protocol therapy. 4. Uncontrolled or significant cardiovascular disease, including: - A myocardial infarction within the past 6 months. - Uncontrolled angina within the past 3 months. - Congestive heart failure within the past 3 months, if defined as NYHC-II. - Diagnosed or suspected congenital long QT syndrome. - Any history of clinically significant ventricular arrhythmias (such as ventricular tachycardia, ventricular fibrillation, Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome, or torsade de pointes). - Any history of second or third degree heart block (may be eligible if currently have a pacemaker). - Heart rate < 50 beats per minute on pre-entry electrocardiogram. - Uncontrolled hypertension (blood pressure >150 mm Hg systolic and >95 mm Hg diastolic). 5. Dementia or altered mental status that would prohibit the understanding or rendering of informed consent. 6. Subjects who have not recovered from the adverse effects of prior therapy at the time of enrollment to ≤ grade 1; excluding alopecia and grade 2 neuropathy. 7. Subjects who have received extensive prior radiation therapy to the bone marrow. Extensive radiation therapy is defined as treatment of more than one axial bony metastasis. However for subjects with rectal cancer pelvic irradiation, in addition to treatment of one axial bony metastasis, is acceptable. 8. Immunocompromised subjects, including subjects known to be infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). 9. Known hepatitis B surface antigen and/or hepatitis C antibody or known history of infection. 10. History of tuberculosis (latent or active) or positive Interferon-gamma release assay (IGRA). 11. Receipt of a live (attenuated) vaccine within 1 month prior to Randomization 12. Subjects with history of hypersensitivity to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to Xilonix™ or any component of its formulations. 13. Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding. 14. WOCBP or men whose sexual partners are WOCBP who are unwilling or unable to use an acceptable method of contraception for at least 1 month prior to randomization, for the duration of the study, and for at least 3 months after the last dose of study medication. 15. History of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy or other demyelinating disease. 16. Subjects on immunosuppressive therapy, including transplant patients. 17. Subjects with known brain metastases. Subjects with symptoms of brain metastases during screening should undergo CT imaging prior to randomization.

Additional Information

Official title A Double Blind, Placebo Controlled Pivotal Phase III Study Evaluating Xilonix™ in Symptomatic Colorectal Cancer Patients Refractory to Standard Therapy
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in January 2017.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by XBiotech, Inc..