This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition hashimoto's thyroiditis
Treatment hydroxychloroquine
Sponsor National Taiwan University Hospital
Start date April 2014
End date February 2016
Trial size 60 participants
Trial identifier NCT02126683, 201312121MINA


Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) is a common form of autoimmune thyroid disease, which affects up to 2% of general population. The annual incidence of HT worldwide is estimated to be 0.8 - 3.5 cases per 1000 persons. The thyroid gland attacked by a variety of cell- and antibody-mediated immune processes. Various auto-antibodies may be present against TPO and Tg, and ADCC is a substantial factor behind the apoptotic fall-out of HT. Activation of cytotoxic T-lymphocytes in response to cell-mediated immune response affected by helper T-cells is central to thyrocyte destruction. Recent studies showed higher pro-inflammatory cytokines in serum of patients with HT, and suggested HT is associated with regulatory T-cells dysfunction, imbalance of ratio of Th1 cell and Th2 cell, overexpression of Th17 cells.

Several studies suggested that pregnant women with HT, even at euthyroid state had higher risk of spontaneous miscarriage, more frequent post-partum depression and higher depressive, anger, and total mood disturbance risk compared to those without HT. Presence of thyroid auto-antibodies is also associated with negative pregnant outcomes including gestational hypertension, late abortion, fetal death, premature delivery and neonatal respiratory distress. Neonates from mothers with ATD have higher rate of transient hypothyroidism. Children of mothers with ATD had higher risk of positive serum thyroid auto-antibodies and development of goiter and thyroid dysfunction. However, there is no suggested treatment for subjects with HT who have normal thyroid function. Low-iodine diet and regularly follow-up were suggested.

Plaquenil (hydroxychloroquine) is an anti-malarial agent, and has been used to treat several autoimmune diseases, including lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis for more than a century. It reduced lymphocytes, production of auto-antibodies, cytokines, and immune mediators, NK cell activity, and inhibits antigens presenting to CD4 T-cells of B cells, dendritic cells and monocytes.

This study focuses on the effect of Plaquenil on thyroid auto-antibodies, inflammatory markers, cytokines, and goiter size in euthyroid women with HT.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model crossover assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
Start Plaquenil 200mg BID orally since enrollment Duration: 6 months
hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil
Start Plaquenil 200mg BID orally since the 25th week after enrollment Duration: 6 months
hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil

Primary Outcomes

Change of thyroid auto-antibodies
time frame: Baseline, up to 18 months

Secondary Outcomes

Change of inflammatory markers
time frame: Baseline, up to 18 months
Change of proinflammatory markers
time frame: Baseline, up to 18 months
Change of goiter size
time frame: Baseline, up to 18 months

Eligibility Criteria

Female participants from 18 years up to 35 years old.

Inclusion criteria: - Newly diagnosed (within 1 year) Hashimoto's thyroiditis by positive serum anti-TPO antibody or anti-thyroglobulin antibody - Euthyroid state by serum free T4 and TSH level within normal limit Exclusion criteria: - Pregnant, planning pregnant within 1 year, or lactating women - Renal insufficiency, abnormal liver function test - Hematologic diseases: anemia, agranulocytosis, thrombocytopenia - G6PD deficiency, porphyria cutaneous tarda - Allergy to 4-aminoquinoline compounds - Known retinopathy or visual field defect disorders - Already receive immunosuppression therapy

Additional Information

Official title The Effect of Plaquenil on Serum Inflammatory Markers and Goiter in Euthyroid Young Women With Hashimoto's Thyroiditis
Principal investigator Tien-Shang Huang
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in April 2014.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by National Taiwan University Hospital.