This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions drug dependence, substance use disorders
Treatment recovery line
Sponsor Yale University
Collaborator APT Foundation, Inc.
Start date November 2015
End date March 2017
Trial size 60 participants
Trial identifier NCT02124980, 1208010744, R01DA034678


If shown to be effective, the Recovery Line would provide an inexpensive, transportable, and easy to use treatment to improve substance abuse outcomes for medication assisted treatment. Given the high costs of relapse and continued drug use, improvement of treatment outcomes would provide substantial health, economic, and societal benefits.

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Intervention model parallel assignment
Primary purpose treatment
Masking no masking
The Recovery Line is an automated computer-based IVR system that provides CBT-based modules. The RL+TAU condition will include the customized therapeutic recommendations developed in Phase 1, and the contact reminders messages and time frame that maximized system use in Phase 2. Patients will receive an orientation, 24-hour access, encouragement to use the system from clinic staff reminder, and technical assistance line for system problems. Patients will receive 12 weeks of system access.
recovery line Therapeutic interactive voice response
(No Intervention)
Treatment-as Usual involves daily methadone and associated psychosocial services. Patients are required to attend 1 group session per month and are encouraged to attend open drop-in groups available daily covering a range of topics.

Primary Outcomes

urine screens
time frame: 6 months
self reported drug use
time frame: 6 months

Secondary Outcomes

treatment retention
time frame: 6 months
coping behaviors
time frame: 6 months

Eligibility Criteria

All participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: 1. are at least 18 years old 2. currently receiving methadone maintenance treatment 3. illicit drug use in the past 14 days or a positive urine screen for any tested illicit drug. Exclusion Criteria: 1. Current suicide or homicide risk 2. meet criteria for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)-IV current psychotic disorder, or bipolar disorder 3. Unable to read or understand English 4. Unable to complete the study because of anticipated incarceration or move 5. Life-threatening or unstable medical problems.

Additional Information

Official title Automated Recovery Line for Medication Assisted Treatment
Description Dependence on heroin and prescription pain relievers has almost tripled since 2000, resulting in dramatic increases in opioid dependence treatment admissions. However, among agonist-maintained patients continued drug use is common and associated with high rates of relapse and treatment drop-out. Although counseling has been shown to be effective, it is costly and some patients dislike counseling, others have responsibilities that make attendance difficult, and patients in rural settings often have limited access to psychotherapy. Thus, there is a clear need to develop additional acceptable and cost-effective treatments. Interactive Voice Response (IVR) systems, which have been shown to effectively augment brief interventions for substance abuse, are automated, computer-based systems delivered via phone and use voice or keys to access different menus. IVR systems can be accessed from any phone rather than only specified technology (e.g., smartphones), and offer advantages of low cost, consistent delivery, expanded access, and 24-hour availability of immediate therapeutic intervention. The Recovery Line is a Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)-based IVR system to reduce substance use in patients receiving opioid agonist maintenance. We recently completed a pilot randomized 4-week trial which showed significant reduction in cocaine use and increased coping skill efficacy, but patients called less time than expected, suggesting methods to improve patient use may further improve efficacy. This Stage Ib application proposes three phases to develop system functions to increase patient system use and to test those functions. The initial two phases will develop customized recommendations and reminders to be used in Phase 3 pilot clinical trial. The Phase 3 trial is a 12-week pilot randomized (N=60), clinical trial with a 3 month post-treatment follow-up to obtain data regarding the feasibility, acceptability and efficacy of the developed Recovery Line (compared to TAU). Efficacy will be evaluated for the two primary outcome domains of the proportion of urine screens negative for illicit drugs and monthly days of illicit drug abstinence. Secondary outcome measures will be retention in treatment and coping skills efficacy.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in January 2017.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Yale University.