Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition metabolic syndrome
Treatments cheese diet, butter diet, cho diet, mufa diet, pufa diet
Sponsor Laval University
Collaborator Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada
Start date April 2014
End date June 2016
Trial size 90 participants
Trial identifier NCT02106208, INAF-2013-251

Summary

Market trends depicted by Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada suggest stagnation in cheese consumption, with potentially important impact on this key industry in Canada. This is in part due to the commonly accepted notion that saturated fat in the diet, of which cheese contributes significantly, increases the risk of heart disease. Yet, a rather large body of recent evidence suggests that saturated fat may have been unfairly demonized and that its impact on the risk of heart disease may in fact be less important than originally thought. This concept that dairy fat increases the risk of heart attacks therefore needs to be revisited, and this is one of the key objectives of this proposed research program.

The proposed research is designed to investigate for the first time if dairy fat improves the levels of the so-called "good cholesterol", a protective risk factor that has been essentially ignored in the arguments supporting the reduction of saturated fat for heart health.

Our hypothesis is that consumption of SFA from dairy (cheese) compared with a low fat diet and diets rich in MUFA and PUFA leads to favorable changes in plasma HDL-C concentrations and functional characteristics. Consumption of SFA from dairy (cheese) also increases LDL particle size, reduces inflammation and has no deleterious impact on plasma LDL-C and apolipoproteins B (apoB) concentrations compared with a low fat diet.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model crossover assignment
Masking single blind (outcomes assessor)
Primary purpose prevention
Arm
(Experimental)
A 4-week experimental diet with all meals and foods be provided to participants, including 90g of regular cheddar cheese daily per 2500 kcal. The diet will contain 13% of saturated fat (SFA), 14% of mono-unsaturated fat (MUFA), 5% of polyunsaturated fat (PUFA) and 53% of carbohydrate (CHO).
cheese diet
(Experimental)
A 4-week experimental diet with all meals and foods be provided to participants, the diet will contain 13% of SFA mostly from butter. The diet will contain 14% of MUFA, 5% of PUFA and 53% of CHO.
butter diet
(Experimental)
A 4-week experimental diet with all meals and foods will provided to participants. The diet will contain 60% of CHO, 6% of SFA, 14% of MUFA and 5% of PUFA.
cho diet
(Experimental)
A 4-week experimental diet with all meals and foods be provided to participants. The diet will contain 21% of MUFA, 6% of SFA, 5% of PUFA and 53% of CHO.
mufa diet
(Experimental)
A 4-week experimental diet with all meals and foods will be provided to participants. The diet will contain 12% of PUFA, 14% of MUFA, 6% of SFA and 53% of CHO.
pufa diet

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Change in High-Density-Lipoproteins concentrations (HDL-C)
time frame: 4 weeks (end-point value)

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Change in HDL-C particle size and subclass
time frame: 4 weeks (end-point value)
Change in HDL cholesterol efflux
time frame: 4 weeks (end-point value)
Change in Low Density Lipoproteins (LDL) particle size
time frame: 4 weeks (end-point value)
Change in C-Reactive Proteins (CRP) concentrations
time frame: 4 weeks (end-point value)
Change in adiponectin concentrations
time frame: 4 weeks (end-point value)

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 18 years up to 65 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Men and women age between 18 and 65 years - Waist circumference >80.0 cm for women and >94.0 cm for men - Plasma concentration of triglycerides >1.70 mmol / L - Stable weight for 6 months before the start of the study (+/- 5lbs) Exclusion Criteria: - Men or women aged under 18 years or over 65 years - History of CVD, type 2 diabetes or dyslipidaemia monogenic - Endocrine disorders - Smoking - Lipid lowering medications or hypertension medications - Food allergies and aversions to any food in the composition of experimental menus - Subjects with special dietary habits (e.g. vegetarianism) - Subject with a calculated Framingham risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) > 20%

Additional Information

Official title Study of the Impact of Dairy Fat on Cardiovascular Health.
Principal investigator Benoît Lamarche, PhD
Description This is a multi-center randomized crossover controlled feeding study. Briefly, adult men and women will be recruited in the Quebec City and Winnipeg metropolitan area through the media (newspaper, radio), local lipid clinics and mailing lists (n=90). Participants will be randomized to a series of 5 experimental diets of 4 weeks each: 1- Cheese diet, 2- Butter diet, 3- Carbohydrate (CHO) diet, 4- MUFA diet, 5- PUFA diet. Usual energy intake will be estimated at the beginning of the study using validated tools. Experimental diets will be provided as part of a full feeding protocol under carefully controlled isocaloric conditions to maintain body weight constant. All meals and foods will be provided to participants so that control for energy and macronutrient intake will be optimized. The breakfast meal will represent approximately 30% of the daily energy intake whereas the lunch and dinner meals each will provide 35% of daily energy intake. Participants will be instructed to consume their entire meals. A seven-day cyclic menu will be used. The diets will be separated by washout periods of 4 weeks. Blood samples will be collected on two consecutive days before and after each dietary phase. The mean of the two consecutive measurements will be used in the analyses.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in September 2015.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Laval University.