Biomarker Levels During Indwelling Pleural cAtheter Sample Testing
This trial is active, not recruiting.
|Condition||malignant pleural effusions|
|Sponsor||Johns Hopkins University|
|Start date||January 2014|
|End date||March 2017|
|Trial size||95 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT02092155, NA_00086126|
Some patients that have a tunneled pleural catheter will not have the pleural fluid (water around the lung) return after some time (pleurodesis). The purpose of this study is to understand how the investigators can predict who will achieve pleurodesis and how this occurs by studying the pleural effusion.
To determine the median time to pleurodesis
time frame: 12 week follow up
TGF-B levels over time
time frame: 12 weeks
Male or female participants from 18 years up to 99 years old.
Inclusion criteria: - Pleural effusion (etiology fulfilling one of the following criteria): 1. Malignant effusion confirmed by cytology or pleural biopsy 2. exudative effusion in the setting of known malignancy with no other identifiable cause 3. Malignant effusion due to tumors that are historically rapidly responsive to systemic therapy (small cell lung cancer, hematological malignancies) will only be included if refractory to standard chemotherapy - 18 years of age - Symptoms such as shortness of breath, cough, or chest fullness/chest discomfort - Demonstration of symptomatic improvement after therapeutic thoracentesis - Recurrent pleural effusion after therapeutic thoracentesis - Capacity to provide informed consent Exclusion criteria: - Projected life expectancy less than 30 days. - Radiographic evidence of trapped lung - persistent lung collapse with failure of the majority (>50%) of the lung to reexpand following drainage of a pleural effusion - Previous lobectomy or pneumonectomy on the affected side - Patient receiving intrapleural chemotherapy - Chylothorax - pleural effusion with triglyceride levels > 110 mg/dl or chylomicrons on lipoprotein analysis, most commonly due to trauma/obstruction of the thoracic duct - Parapneumonic effusion - pleural effusion associated with pneumonia - Empyema - infected pleural space as defined by purulent pleural fluid, positive gram stain, or positive culture - Inability to adequately perform pleural drainage at home - Uncorrectable bleeding disorder - Skin infection at the site of intended catheter insertion - Pregnant women - detected by spot urine testing prior to the procedure
|Official title||TGF-B as a Marker of Pleurodesis in Patients With Tunneled Pleural Catheters|
|Principal investigator||Lonny Yarmus, DO|
|Description||An alternative and emerging treatment for malignant pleural effusions is the placement of a chronic indwelling pleural catheter. Tunneled pleural catheters (TPC) are ideal for treatment of malignant pleural effusion (MPE) associated with a trapped or non-expandable lung which will not have sufficient visceral and parietal pleura apposition for chemical pleurodesis. Transforming growth factor-Beta 1 (TGF-β) is a profibrotic cytokine, and a potent inducer of Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) in human pleural mesothelial cells. PAI-1 inhibits protease-dependent fibrinolytic activity and along with TGF-β, its concentration is increased in exudative and tuberculous pleural effusion. TGF-β levels in pleural fluid have been shown to correlate with pleural thickness in tuberculosis pleurisy and empyema in rabbits. TGF-β is a multifunctional cytokine primarily produced by mesothelial cells in the pleural space, but can also originate from lung parenchymal macrophages that migrate to the pleural space. In humans, TGF-β consists of three isoforms (TGF-β1, TGF-β2, and TGF-β3). They share many biological activities and their actions on cells are qualitatively similar in most cases. TGF-β stimulates the extracellular matrix production and studies support that TGF-β over-production is a key regulator in pleural fibrosis and chemical pleurodesis. Moreover, TGF-β signaling for the production of PAI-1 is clearly noted in human mesothelial cells of different origins. Different inflammatory stimuli in the pleural space including malignancy and infection may activate TGF-β up-regulation and enhanced production which in turns results in PAI-1 expression.|
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