This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition hepatocellular carcinoma
Treatment pacox
Phase phase 2
Sponsor Bio-Cancer Treatment International Limited
Collaborator The University of Hong Kong
Start date April 2014
End date September 2016
Trial size 17 participants
Trial identifier NCT02089633, BCT-100-004


The propose of the study is to evaluate the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of Oxaliplatin in combination with pegylated recombinant human arginase 1 (PEG-BCT-100) and Capecitabine and efficacy of this combination regimen (PACOX)in patients with advanced liver cancer.

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Endpoint classification safety/efficacy study
Intervention model single group assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
Pegylated human arginase (PA) in combination with Capecitabine (C) and Oxaliplatin (OX)
pacox PEG-BCT-100
Pegylated recombinant human arginase 1 in combination with Oxaliplatin and Capecitabine

Primary Outcomes

The maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of Oxaliplatin (OX) in combination with PEG-BCT-100 (PA) and Capecitabine (C) in patients with locally advanced or metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma
time frame: 1 year
Time To Progression (TTP)
time frame: 2 years

Secondary Outcomes

Progression free survival (PFS)
time frame: 2 years
Overall Survival (OS)
time frame: 2 years
Response Rate (RR)
time frame: 2 years
Serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) level
time frame: 2 years
To evaluate the difference in disease response based on RECIST 1.1 Criteria and modified RECIST Criteria
time frame: 2 years
Safety events
time frame: 3 years

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Age>=18 years - Histologically or cytologically or clinically diagnosed advanced HCC not amenable or refractory or intolerance to surgery, or local-regional therapy, or targeted therapy. - Confirmed diagnosis of HCC according to the European Association for the Study of the Liver (EASL) criteria. - Child-Pugh class A or B - ECOG Performance State of 0 or 1 - Expected life expectancy of ≥ 12 weeks - Adequate bone marrow, liver and renal function as assessed by the following laboratory requirements to be conducted within 7 days prior to screening - Normal ECG - Subjects with at least one measurable target lesion at baseline in accordance with RECIST 1.1 Criteria. - Patients who give written informed consent prior to any study specific screening procedures with the understanding that the patient has the right to withdraw from the study at any time, without prejudice. Exclusion Criteria: - Prior use of any systemic anti-cancer treatment for HCC other than targeted therapy, e.g. sorafenib. Systemic anti-cancer treatment for HCC includes chemotherapy, immunotherapy and hormonal therapy (except hormonal therapy for supportive care is permitted). Antiviral treatment is allowed, however interferon therapy must be stopped at least 4 weeks prior to the start of trial treatment - Prior use of any approved or investigational targeted therapy for HCC, e.g. sorafenib, within two weeks prior to the start of trial treatment - Use of any local ablative treatment or TACE within 6 weeks prior to the start of trial treatment, and must have clear evidence of progressive disease after local treatment; - Radiotherapy within 3 weeks prior to the start of trial treatment. (Palliative radiotherapy will be allowed) - Major surgery within 4 weeks prior to the start of trial treatment - Use of biologic response modifiers, such as G-CSF, within 3 week prior to the start of trial treatment. - Concomitant treatment of rifampin or St John's Wort - Other investigational products within 4 weeks prior to the start of the trial treatment - Symptomatic metastatic brain or meningeal tumors (unless the patient is > 6 months from definitive therapy, has a negative imaging study within 4 weeks of study entry and is clinically stable with respect to the tumor at the time of study entry). - Previous or concurrent cancer that is distinct in primary site or histology from the cancer being evaluated in this study EXCEPT cervical carcinoma in situ, treated basal cell carcinoma, superficial bladder tumors [Ta, Tis & T1] or any cancer curatively treated > 3 years prior to study entry. - Pregnant or breast-feeding patients. Women of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test performed within five days prior to the start of trial treatment. Both men and women enrolled in this trial must use adequate barrier birth control measures during the course of the trial. - History of cardiac disease: congestive heart failure > NYHA class 2; active coronary artery disease (myocardial infarction more than 6 months prior to study entry is allowed); cardiac arrhythmias requiring anti-arrhythmic therapy (beta blockers or digoxin are permitted) or uncontrolled hypertension - History of HIV infection - Known case of dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase deficiency - Active clinically serious infections (> grade 2 NCI CTCAE version 4.0) - Patients with clinically significant gastrointestinal bleeding within 30 days prior to the start of trial treatment. - Patients with main portal vein tumor thrombosis - Patients with ascites uncontrolled by medication - Patients with seizure disorder requiring medication (such as steroids or anti-epileptics) - Patients with previous liver transplantation - Patients undergoing renal dialysis - Known or suspected hypersensitivity to capecitabine, 5-fluorouracil, oxaliplatin or other platinum compounds, and any other agent given in association with this trial - Patients with significant peripheral sensory neuropathy with functional impairment - patients unable to swallow oral medications - Any condition that is unstable or could jeopardize the safety of the patient and their compliance in the study

Additional Information

Official title A Study of the Safety and Efficacy of Recombinant Human Arginase 1 (PEG-BCT-100) Combined With Capecitabine and Oxaliplatin in Patients With Locally Advanced or Metastatic Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Principal investigator Thomas CC Yau, Dr.
Description This is a phase II open-label study. The first part of the study (Part 1) is a dose escalation study of a 21-day regimen of IV Oxaliplatin in combination with weekly IV PEG-BCT-100 2.7 mg/kg and oral Capecitabine 1000 mg/m2 twice per day for 14 days. There are 3 successive treatment cohorts in dose level of 85 mg/m2, 100 mg/m2 and 130 mg/m2 for Oxaliplatin. Subsequent treatment cohort is opened only after all patients in the previous cohort have completed the first 3 cycles of PACOX. The first patient entered the study is started at Cohort 1. At least three subjects will be treated at this cohort and observed for dose-limiting toxicity (DLT). If one of the three treated patients develops DLT at any dose level, three additional patients are to be entered at the same dose level. The dose of Oxaliplatin will be escalated if no DLT for the first three patients or one of the six treated patients develops a DLT. If two or more of the three/six patients at a given dose level experienced a DLT, dose escalation is stopped and the previous dose level is declared the MTD (recommended dose) of PACOX regimen for the second part of the study (Part 2). If the first three patients in Cohort 3 do not develop a DLT, an additional three patients will be enrolled in Cohort 3. If one or less than one patient in Cohort 3 has developed a DLT. the dose level is declared as the MTD. Toxicity will be assessed through physical examination and vital signs findings, safety laboratory tests results, and graded by the NCI CTCAE (version 4.0). Part 2: Patients receive the recommended dose of PACOX regimen as defined in Part 1. A 14-day screening period followed by a treatment period consisting of 3-week treatment cycles. Patients will be treated until disease progression or intolerable toxicity. The treatment period will end by a follow up visit at 30 days after the last dose of trial treatment. After the study treatment, patients will be follow-up every 8 weeks for survival status or until study termination. Patients in both parts of the study will receive PACOX regimen until disease progression, intolerable toxicity, death or patients withdraw consent. The clinical effects of PACOX regimen on tumor response will be evaluated. Tumour assessment which is based on RECIST 1.1 criteria will be performed until disease progression.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in September 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Bio-Cancer Treatment International Limited.