BDNF and Motor Learning
This trial is active, not recruiting.
|Conditions||bdnf, polymorphism, genetic|
|Sponsor||University of Minnesota - Clinical and Translational Science Institute|
|Start date||March 2014|
|End date||June 2018|
|Trial size||300 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT02074696, 1401M46962|
The purpose of the study is to assess the status of brain-derived neurotrophic factor brain (BDNF) and how the brain behaves in response to skill acquisition. Specifically we will investigate the relationship of the status of BDNF with cortical excitability changes and learning that occur during a motor training paradigm. We aim to 1) determine cortical excitability changes by using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) before and after training; 2) to determine finger tracking accuracy before and after training; and 3) determine the presence of BDNF polymorphism in each participant.
We are testing healthy adults in this study, and eventually would like to apply to persons who have neurologic disorders such as stroke or dystonia. By applying a magnetic field to the outside of the head, electrical currents are produced within the brain that can stimulate brain tissue. Using TMS, the brain can be studied to gain a greater understanding of the mechanisms associated with cortical excitability in healthy and patient populations. There is limited knowledge of what influence genetic biomarkers such as BDNF have on cortical excitability changes within the cortex following learning. Studies have indicated that people without this certain gene are less likely to show changes in brain excitability during TMS and during motor learning than people with this gene
time frame: Day 1: posttest after training
time frame: Day 1: baseline
time frame: Day 1: posttest
Male or female participants from 18 years up to 45 years old.
Inclusion Criteria: - 18-45 years - no past history of psychiatric or neurologic disease. Exclusion Criteria: - any neuromuscular disorder that impairs upper extremity motion or seizure history - Pregnancy - Indwelling metal or medical device that are incompatible with TMS testing.
|Official title||The Effect of BDNF on Motor Learning|
|Principal investigator||Teresa J Kimberley, PhD, PT|
|Description||Subjects and Design: A pretest/posttest design will be used. A convenience sample of healthy college students will be studied and will undergo an initial screening by the PI or Co-Investigators consisting of medical history and neurologic disorder review to assess safety and qualifications to participate. Inclusion/ Exclusion Criteria: Inclusion criteria include ages between 18-45 years and no past history of psychiatric or neurologic disease. Exclusion criteria include subjects with any neuromuscular disorder that impairs upper extremity motion or seizure history. Subjects cannot be pregnant nor have indwelling metal or medical devices that are incompatible with TMS testing. With the subject seated in a supportive chair, the subject's skin will be cleaned surrounding the first doral interoseus belly and dorsum of the hand. Next small surface electromyographic (EMG) electrodes will be attached at the muscle belly and tendon. A ground electrode will be placed on the dorsum of the hand or wrist. Next, the threshold for TMS activation of the target muscle will be determined. To find the optimal position for activating the first dorsal interosseous muscle, we will use a 70-mm figure-eight TMS coil connected to a Magstim rapid magnetic stimulator. The coil will be handheld on the scalp over the approximate area of the primary motor cortex (M1) in the contralateral hemisphere to the recording electrode, and moved systematically to find the optimal position. Single-pulse magnetic stimuli will be delivered manually at approximately 0.1 Hz starting at an intensity of 50% of the stimulator maximum. This level will be adjusted systematically until the resting motor threshold is found, defined as the minimum intensity required to elicit a motor evoked potential (MEP) >50 µV peak-to-peak in at least 5 of 10 trials with the target muscle at rest. Various cortical excitability measures will be collected lasting approximately 20 minutes. Finger tracking/training will be provided for 30 minutes under the supervision of the PI or Co-I. Subjects will wear a finger electrogoniometer at the index finger metacarpophalangeal (MP) joint. Subjects will use flexion/extension movements of the respective joint to track waveforms on a computer screen. The training would consist of 30 blocks of tracking trials. Each block will consist of 3 trials. The protocol parameters for different blocks will differ in waveform, amplitude, frequency, trial duration, and joint position. For example, a square wave would involve a different movement pattern execution as opposed to a triangular wave. The waveforms may also differ on the forearm position to create "stimulus-response compatible" or "stimulus-response incompatible" conditions. For example, a stimulus-response incompatible joint position would involve extending and flexing the joint (finger MP or elbow) in the horizontal plane to produce cursor movements in the vertical plane. All these factors challenge the individual's capabilities to problem solve to achieve optimum learning. Following training and accuracy testing, cortical excitability measures will be collected again lasting approximately 20 minutes. Lastly, a saliva sample will be collected for genetic screening for brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) polymorphism. We will collect approximately 2 ml (less than one-half teaspoon) of saliva by asking the subject to spit into a tube. It may take up to 30 minutes to provide a saliva sample, however, most people typically require less time (approximately 5 minutes).|
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