This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition peri-implant dermatitis
Sponsor Maastricht University Medical Center
Collaborator Cochlear Bone Anchored Solutions
Start date February 2014
End date February 2016
Trial size 25 participants
Trial identifier NCT02073877, 13-1-058.3


The Bone-Anchored Hearing Aid (Baha) system consists of an implanted part and sound processor. The system provides a hearing solution for a subgroup of patients who cannot sufficiently profit from conventional hearing aids. Disadvantageous are its high rate (up to 40%) of associated peri-implant dermatitis. This research project is part of an attempt to reduce the amount of peri-implant dermatitis. Besides an attempt of Holgers to identify the skin flora in relation to infection around the abutment using a standard culture which yielded limited and no clinically relevant results, little is known about the microbiome on the abutment or its interaction with the commensal skin flora. Moreover, conventional cultures are not very sensitive in identifying bacteria. In 2010, Budding et al. introduced IS-pro. Is-pro is a novel 16S-23S rDNA interspace (IS)- region-based profiling method. This technology was devised to enable high-throughput molecular fingerprinting of microbioma. Since IS-pro is quick and relatively inexpensive, these environments can also be monitored over time by repeating the test. This paves the way for researching the microbiome on the abutment and it could enable clinically objective follow up of treatments in vivo using the human as a host. This technique allows researchers to even discover unknown, previously unidentified bacteria. Additionally, Scanning Electron Microscopy will be used to assess the spatial distribution and composition of bacteria on the abutment. The first step, using these techniques, is to determine the bacteria which inhabit the abutment also in relation to the surrounding skin. Additionally, the relationship with skin-implant infections and the effect of treatments will be monitored. Depending on these primary scientific results, a subsequent study will be devised to study (experimental) treatments in a randomized, controlled fashion.

Objectives of the study:

1. To identify the bacterial flora on the abutment in a phylum/species classification.

2. To assess the relationships between the commensal skin flora and the flora on the abutment and to study if clinical signs of peri-implant skin infection and subsequent treatment are associated with a change in bacterial composition.

3. To assess if there exists a relationship between skin hygiene and the transient skin flora.

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Observational model case control
Time perspective prospective

Primary Outcomes

The bacterial flora on the Baha abutment.
time frame: At the inclusion visit (day 0)

Secondary Outcomes

Relationship between the bacterial profile and clinical outcomes
time frame: At the inclusion visit (day 0)
Correlation between the bacterial profile and commensal skin flora
time frame: At the inclusion visit (day 0)

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: 1. The patient is at least 18 years old 2. The patient has a Cochlear Baha. Exclusion Criteria: A potential subject who meets any of the following criteria will be excluded from participation in this study if there exists: 1. Participation in the Cochlear CBAS5439 study. 2. The new abutment is not compatible with the current and future hearing aid. 3. Patients can be included until both arms (controls vs. cases) are filled up. 4. A condition that may have an impact on the outcome of the investigation as judged by the investigator (e.g. severe wound healing impairments). If so the reason should be noted. In general, patients who potentially could have severe wound healing impairments based on their medical history are excluded. This would include: - Unregulated Diabetes Mellitus (DM). This is based on an prolonged elevated HbA1c (for more than 3 months > 7%) or patients reporting to have difficulties regulating their glucose and/or the presence of infectious diseases related to DM. - Any systemic immunosuppressant usage (e.g. corticosteroids). - The usage of topical or systemic antibiotics which could affect the skin (e.g. excludes systemic antibiotics for urinary tract infections). - Skin diseases (e.g. cases of psoriasis, eczema or other skin diseases which have in the past or currently involved the skin on the head, have a tendency to arise on disrupted skin or are not well predictable in their location and recurrence).

Additional Information

Official title The Baha Microbiome Case Control Study A Molecular Bacterial Profile Of The Baha Part 1 of the Baha Microbiome Study
Principal investigator Robert J Stokroos, MD, PhD
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in September 2015.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Maastricht University Medical Center.