Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions insulin resistance, atherosclerosis
Treatments cranberry extract, placebo
Sponsor Pennington Biomedical Research Center
Collaborator Ocean Spray, Inc.
Start date February 2014
End date October 2016
Trial size 35 participants
Trial identifier NCT02068144, PBRC 2013-047

Summary

The purpose of this study is to determine the health benefits of cranberry extract in people who are at risk for diabetes and heart problems.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking double blind (subject, investigator)
Primary purpose prevention
Arm
(Experimental)
Cranberry Extract in a 15.2oz beverage daily for 8 weeks
cranberry extract
Participants will drink one 15.2 oz bottle of Cranberry Extract beverage daily for 8 weeks.
(Placebo Comparator)
Placebo 15.2oz beverage daily for 8 weeks
placebo
Participants will drink one 15.2oz bottle of placebo beverage daily for 8 weeks.

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Change from baseline Hyperinsulinemic-Euglycemic clamp at week 8
time frame: 8 weeks +/- 2 days

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Change from baseline in endothelial function at week 7
time frame: 8 weeks +/- 2 days
Change from baseline in Indirect Calorimetry at week 8
time frame: 8 weeks +/- 2 days
Change from screening to week 8 in lipid profile
time frame: 10 weeks +/- 2 days
Change in body weight from baseline to week 8
time frame: 8 weeks +/- 2 days
Change from screening to week 7 in oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)
time frame: 8 weeks +/- 2 days
Change in nitric oxide level at baseline and week 8
time frame: 8 weeks +/- 2 days
Change in endothelin 1 level at baseline and week 8
time frame: 8 weeks +/- 2 days
Change in oxidized LDL level at baseline and week 8
time frame: 8 weeks +/- 2 days
Change in LOX-1 (Lectin-like oxidized low density lipoprotein-1) at baseline and week 8
time frame: 8 weeks +/- 2 days
Change in 8-isoprostanes at baseline and week 8
time frame: 8 weeks +/- 2 days
Change in malondialdehyde at baseline and week 8
time frame: 8 weeks +/- 2 days
Change in advanced glycation end products at baseline and week 8
time frame: 8 weeks +/- 2 days
Change in Apo A1 at baseline and week 8
time frame: 8 weeks +/- 2 days
Change in Paraoxonase at baseline and week 8
time frame: 8 weeks +/- 2 days
Change in Adiponectin at baseline and week 8
time frame: 8 weeks +/- 2 days
Change in C-reactive protein (CRP) at baseline and week 8
time frame: 8 weeks +/- 2 days
Change in TNFα at baseline and week 8
time frame: 8 weeks +/- 2 days

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 20 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Are 20 years of age or older - Not being treated with diabetes medication. However, if you are taking Metformin for pre-diabetes and are willing to stop taking the medication 2 weeks before and during the study that is ok. We will request clearance from your prescribing physician prior to stopping metformin and enrolling in the study. - Have a blood sugar of 100-125 mg/dL (fasting) or 140-199 mg/dL after a 2 hour glucose tolerance test (determined by tests done at the screening visit) - Have a fasting insulin more than or equal to 5 µIU/ml (determined by tests done at the screening visit) - Have a Body Mass Index (BMI) ≥ 30 and ≤ 45. Exclusion Criteria: - Have a prior history of type 2 diabetes - Are pregnant or breastfeeding. - Are a woman able to have children and are not using birth control (i.e. barrier method, intrauterine and cervical devices, birth control pills, hormonal injections (Depo Provera® ), condoms with spermicidal gel or foam, contraceptive patch (Ortho Evra), diaphragm, or abstinence), or have had a tubal ligation or hysterectomy, or not at least 2 years past menopause. - All women able to have children will have a pregnancy test at the screening visit. If you become pregnant during the study, you will be dropped from the study. - Have type 1 diabetes. - Are taking steroids (except topical or inhaled steroids). - Other medications that may affect your blood sugar (i.e. certain blood pressure medications) are acceptable if the dose has not changed in the previous 6 months and the dose will not change during the study. - Have a history or evidence of stomach or intestinal problems, e.g. irritable bowel syndrome; inflammatory bowel disease; ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease; diverticulosis or diverticulitis; narrowing of the intestines, partial or complete removal of the stomach or small bowel; autonomic neuropathy consisting of difficulty swallowing; delayed stomach emptying or diarrhea; chronic, severe constipation; stomach or colon ulcers, or GI bleeding. - Use laxatives or cathartics on a chronic basis. - Take medications known to damage the kidneys, such as certain antibiotics, methicillin, and cyclosporin. - Have any evidence of kidney disease. - Have significant heart problems and/or history (within the last 6 months) of significant heart problems. - Have evidence within the previous 6 months of liver disease such as hepatitis; jaundice; cirrhosis. - Have clinically significant lung, neurologic, blood-related, immune system-related, cancer-related or metabolic disease. - Have had a recurrence of cancer within the past five years, other than treated basal cell carcinoma. - Are planning surgery during the study period. - Have a history of substance abuse or alcoholism within the past 5 years, or significant psychiatric disorder that would interfere with your ability to complete the study. - Have donated blood during the month before entering the study or are planning to donate blood during the study. - Have participated in other studies using a research medication during the previous 3 months. - Are currently smoking or have smoked within the past 6 months. - No smoking will be allowed during the study. - Have had a fluctuation in body weight >5% in the previous 2 months. - Are taking prescription or over-the-counter medication for weight loss. - Are taking weight loss or herbal supplements. - Are taking prescription or over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medications (such as naproxen, aspirin, ibuprofen). - Are allergic to cranberries

Additional Information

Official title The Effect of Daily Dietary Supplementation With Cranberry Extract on Modulation of Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Obese, Insulin Resistant Human Subjects
Principal investigator Daniel Hsia, MD
Description This study will be a double-blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled, pilot study in which subjects with pre-diabetes will be randomized to receive either placebo or Cranberry extract for a total of 8 weeks of treatment. Each subject will continue on the same dosage of cranberry extract or matching placebo for the entire duration of treatment. Comparisons for insulin sensitivity, endothelial function, and markers of inflmmation and oxidative stress will be made between the 2 groups pre and post intervention.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in September 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Pennington Biomedical Research Center.