Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition type 2 diabetes
Treatments parish nurse, peer support
Sponsor University of Michigan
Start date January 2013
End date December 2016
Trial size 150 participants
Trial identifier NCT02066155, 14-PAF00455 PAF, DSMS

Summary

African Americans are twice as likely to have diabetes compared to their White counterparts and experience higher rates of diabetes-related complications. Diabetes-related health disparities underscore the need for effective, culturally tailored approaches to promote and sustain diabetes self-management over time. Diabetes self-management education (DSME) is effective in improving diabetes outcomes in the short-term. However, many adults with diabetes cannot sustain achieved improvements without continued follow-up and support. The 2012 revisions of both the National Standards for Diabetes Care 6 and the National Standards for DSME and Support emphasize the importance of providing both initial DSME and on-going diabetes self-management support (DSMS) to assist people with diabetes in maintaining effective self-management throughout a lifetime. While a great deal is understood about how to provide effective, initial DSME, less is known about who, where, when, and how to provide effective, sustained DSMS. One significant challenge is that DSME is a covered benefit in the healthcare system, while DSMS is not. This ultimately limits access and availability of DSMS programs, especially for low-income African Americans. Accordingly, there is critical need to develop, evaluate, and understand effective DSMS models that are ongoing, patient-driven, and embedded in the community.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose supportive care
Arm
(Experimental)
On-going support provided by parish nurse
parish nurse
On-going support following diabetes self-management education provided by Parish Nurse
(Experimental)
On-going support provided by a person with diabetes
peer support
On-going support following diabetes self-management education provided by a trained person with diabetes
(No Intervention)
No on-going support provided

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Hemoglobin A1C
time frame: Baseline, 3, 9, 15, 27 months

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
BMI
time frame: Baseline, 3, 9, 15, 27 months

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 21 years old.

Inclusion Criteria for Parish Nurses - Registered nurse in Michigan - Identified as a parish nurse in the participating church - Member of the Detroit Parish Nurse Network - Willing to serve as a parish nurse for the research study Inclusion Criteria for Peer Leaders - Have diabetes ≥ one year - Be a resident of metro-Detroit -≥21 years old and ≥ 8th grade education - Have transportation to attend training - Be willing to commit to 3 months of training - Actively working on his/her own self management goals and - Willing to serve as a peer leader Inclusion Criteria for Participants - Have diabetes ≥ 6 months - Resident of metro-Detroit -≥ 21years old - Be under the care of a physician for diabetes - Have transportation to attend the program - Be a member or regularly attend the participating church Exclusion Criteria for Parish Nurses - Not a registered nurse - Not a parish nurse in the church - Not a member of the DPNN - Unwilling to serve as a parish nurse for the research studyExclusion Criteria for Participants: - Non ambulatory or serious health conditions or psychiatric illness (severity requiring hospitalization) - Serious diabetes complications (e.g. blindness) that would impede meaningful participation Exclusion Criteria for Peer Leaders and Participants: - Non ambulatory or serious health conditions or psychiatric illness (severity requiring hospitalization) - Serious diabetes complications (e.g. blindness) that would impede meaningful participation

Additional Information

Official title Ongoing Diabetes Self-Management Support in Church-Based Settings
Principal investigator Gretchen A Piatt, PhD
Description The long-term goal of our research is to determine the most effective, practical, and sustainable approaches to provide ongoing DSMS in the context of the communities in which people live. In the African American community, the church plays a central role in community life and can serve as a powerful channel to deliver health promotion programs. Churches in the community are thus ideal venues to intervene to help people with diabetes achieve their self-management related goals. The objective of this proposal is to examine the relative effectiveness of three approaches to address DSMS compared to enhanced usual care within the context of the church-based setting. To accomplish this objective, a cluster randomized, modified stepped wedge, practical behavioral trial with three parallel DSMS approaches will be implemented. Twenty-one African American churches (23 African American participants per church) in metro-Detroit will be randomized to one of three DSMS approaches. Fourteen parish nurses who are volunteers at the churches, and 21 peer leaders will be trained to deliver DSMS. Measures will be collected at baseline, 6, 9, 15 and 27-month follow-up. The primary outcome will be changes in A1c at 9, 15 and 27-month follow-up. Secondary outcomes include changes in weight, blood pressure, quality of life, and diabetes related distress at 9,15 and 27-month follow-up. We hypothesize that 1) participants in both Parish Nurse DSMS and Peer Leader DSMS will have improved outcomes over enhanced usual care, and that 2) participants in Parish Nurse + Peer Leader DSMS will sustain improvements in outcomes achieved following DSME at significantly higher levels than participants in Parish Nurse DSMS and Peer Leader DSMS
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in April 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by University of Michigan.