Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions recurrent colon cancer, recurrent rectal cancer, stage iva colon cancer, stage iva rectal cancer, stage ivb colon cancer, stage ivb rectal cancer
Treatments mek inhibitor mek162, leucovorin calcium, fluorouracil, oxaliplatin, pharmacological study, laboratory biomarker analysis
Phase phase 1
Target MEK
Sponsor City of Hope Medical Center
Collaborator National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Start date June 2014
End date December 2017
Trial size 34 participants
Trial identifier NCT02041481, 13355, CMEK162AUS09T, NCI-2014-00051

Summary

This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of MEK inhibitor MEK162 when given together with leucovorin calcium, fluorouracil, and oxaliplatin in treating patients with advanced metastatic colorectal cancer. MEK inhibitor MEK162 may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as leucovorin calcium, fluorouracil, and oxaliplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving MEK inhibitor MEK162 with leucovorin calcium, fluorouracil, and oxaliplatin may kill more tumor cells.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation non-randomized
Endpoint classification safety study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Experimental)
Patients receive MEK inhibitor MEK162 PO BID on days 1-14, and leucovorin calcium IV over 2 hours, oxaliplatin IV over 2 hours, and fluorouracil IV continuously over 46 hours on days 1 and 2. Courses repeat every 14 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
mek inhibitor mek162 ARRY-162
Given PO
leucovorin calcium CF
Given IV
fluorouracil 5-fluorouracil
Given IV
oxaliplatin 1-OHP
Given IV
pharmacological study pharmacological studies
Correlative studies
laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative Studies
(Experimental)
Patients receive MEK inhibitor MEK162 PO BID on days 1-5, and leucovorin calcium IV over 2 hours, oxaliplatin IV over 2 hours, and fluorouracil IV continuously over 46 hours on days 6 and 7. Courses repeat every 14 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
mek inhibitor mek162 ARRY-162
Given PO
leucovorin calcium CF
Given IV
fluorouracil 5-fluorouracil
Given IV
oxaliplatin 1-OHP
Given IV
laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative Studies

Primary Outcomes

Measure
MTD of MEK inhibitory MEK162 on a continuous and an intermittent schedule in combination with FOLFOX assessed by National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI CTCAE) version 4.03
time frame: Up to 4 weeks
DLT defined as an adverse event or abnormal laboratory value assessed as at least possibly related to the combination of MEK inhibitor MEK162 and FOLFOX graded according to NCI CTCAE v4.03
time frame: Up to 4 weeks

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Progression-free survival
time frame: Time from start of treatment to time of progression or death, assessed up to 2 years
Time to failure
time frame: Up to 2 years
Survival
time frame: Up to 2 years

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Patients with pathologically confirmed colon or rectal cancer who have received and progressed or failed following a fluoropyrimidine, irinotecan, and oxaliplatin based chemotherapy regimens will be eligible for this study; patients who have a known Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog (KRAS)/v-raf murine sarcoma viral oncogene homolog B (BRAF) wild type tumor should have progressed or failed following cetuximab or panitumumab based chemotherapy; prior bevacizumab or regorafenib exposure is not mandated on this study as some patients are deemed poor candidates for anti-angiogenesis therapy and never receive these agents - Patients should have measurable disease defined as a minimum of one tumor measuring >= 10 mm on computed tomography (CT) scans - Signed written informed consent - Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1.5 x 10^9/L - Hemoglobin (Hgb) >= 9 g/dL without transfusions - Platelets (PLT) >= 100 x 10^9/L without transfusions - Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and/or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 2.5 × upper limit of normal (ULN); patient with liver metastases =< 5 ×ULN - Total bilirubin =< ULN - Creatinine =< 1.5 mg/dL - Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) >= 50% as determined by a multigated acquisition (MUGA) scan or echocardiogram - Corrected QT (QTc) interval =< 480 ms - Able to take oral medications - Patient is deemed by the investigator to have the initiative and means to be compliant with the protocol (treatment and follow-up) - Negative serum beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) test (female patient of childbearing potential only) performed locally within 72 hrs prior to first dose - Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 1 Exclusion Criteria: - History or current evidence of retinal vein occlusion (RVO) or current risk factors for RVO (e.g. uncontrolled glaucoma or ocular hypertension, history of hyperviscosity or hypercoagulability syndromes) - Patients who have had chemotherapy, biologic, targeted, or radiotherapy within 4 weeks prior to entering the study or those who have not recovered from grade 2 and above adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier (with the exception of alopecia or neuropathy) - History of retinal degenerative disease - History of Gilbert's syndrome - Previous or concurrent malignancy with the following exceptions: - Adequately treated skin basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma (adequate wound healing is required prior to study entry) - In situ carcinoma of the cervix, treated curatively and without evidence of recurrence - A primary malignancy which has been completely resected and in complete remission for >= 1 years - Prior therapy with a MEK- inhibitor - History of acute coronary syndromes (including myocardial infarction, unstable angina, coronary artery bypass grafting [CABG], coronary angioplasty, or stenting) < 6 months prior to screening - Impaired cardiovascular function or clinically significant cardiovascular diseases, including any of the following: symptomatic chronic heart failure; evidence of clinically significant cardiac arrhythmias and/or conduction abnormalities < 6 months prior to screening except atrial fibrillation and paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia - Uncontrolled arterial hypertension despite appropriate medical therapy (defined as systolic blood pressure > 160 or diastolic blood pressure > 100) - Known positive serology for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), active hepatitis B, and/or active hepatitis C infection - Patients who have neuromuscular disorders that are associated with elevated creatine kinase (CK) (e.g., inflammatory myopathies, muscular dystrophy, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, spinal muscular atrophy) - Patients who are planning on embarking on a new strenuous exercise regimen after first dose of study treatment; NB: muscular activities, such as strenuous exercise, that can result in significant increases in plasma CK levels should be avoided while on MEK162 treatment - Impairment of gastrointestinal function or gastrointestinal disease (e.g., active ulcerative disease, uncontrolled nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, malabsorption syndrome, small bowel resection) - Any other condition that would, in the investigator's judgment, contraindicate the patient's participation in the clinical study due to safety concerns or compliance with clinical study procedures, e.g., infection/inflammation, intestinal obstruction, unable to swallow medication, social/ psychological issues, etc. - Patients who have undergone major surgery =< 3 weeks prior to starting study drug or who have not recovered from side effects of such procedure - Pregnant or nursing (lactating) women confirmed by a positive hCG laboratory test - Women of child-bearing potential unless they are using highly effective methods of contraception throughout the study and for 60 days after study drug discontinuation - Sexually active males unless they use a condom during intercourse while taking the drug and for 60 days after stopping treatment and should not father a child in this period; a condom is required to be used also by vasectomized men - Medical, psychiatric, cognitive or other conditions that may compromise the patient's ability to understand the patient information, give informed consent, comply with the study protocol or complete the study - Current grade 3 or higher neuropathy - Use of other investigational drugs - Known hypersensitivity to any components of the study drugs - Prior intolerance to fluorouracil (5-FU) or oxaliplatin, excluding severe neuropathy that reversed to grade 2 or less

Additional Information

Official title A Phase I Clinical Trial of MEK162 in Combination With FOLFOX in Patients With Advanced Metastatic Colorectal Cancer Who Failed Prior Standard Therapy
Principal investigator Marwan Fakih
Description PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) for the combination of MEK162 (MEK inhibitor MEK162) plus leucovorin calcium, fluorouracil, oxaliplatin (FOLFOX) in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer. SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: I. Describe the safety of the combination of MEK162 across all investigated dose levels. II. Describe the pharmacokinetics of MEK162 and FOLFOX in 6 patients in the expanded MTD cohort. III. Describe any clinical activity to the combination using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1 criteria. IV. Determine the recommended Phase II dose (RP2D) which may be less than the MTD for both intermittent and continuous dosing of MEK162. OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of MEK inhibitor MEK162. Patients are assigned to 1 of 2 treatment arms. ARM I: Patients receive MEK inhibitor MEK162 orally (PO) twice daily (BID) on days 1-14, and leucovorin calcium intravenously (IV) over 2 hours, oxaliplatin IV over 2 hours, and fluorouracil IV continuously over 46 hours on days 1 and 2. Courses repeat every 14 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. ARM II: Patients receive MEK inhibitor MEK162 PO BID on days 1-5, and leucovorin calcium IV over 2 hours, oxaliplatin IV over 2 hours, and fluorouracil IV continuously over 46 hours on days 6 and 7. Courses repeat every 14 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 30 days.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in September 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by City of Hope Medical Center.
Location data was received from the National Cancer Institute and was last updated in December 2016.