Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition cardiovascular diseases
Treatment education and feedback
Sponsor Women's College Hospital
Collaborator University Health Network, Toronto
Start date December 2014
End date May 2016
Trial size 256 participants
Trial identifier NCT02038101, WCHTTE-001

Summary

This study is an international, prospective, multi-centred, investigator blinded, randomized control trial of an educational and feedback-based intervention vs. usual care to study the proportion of inappropriate TTEs ordered by clinicians in ambulatory care.

The American College of Cardiology collaborated with the American Society of Echocardiography to develop its Appropriate Use Criteria (AUC) for Echocardiography in 2007, and were updated in 2011.

We created an innovative education and feedback-based intervention that we hypothesize will reduce the proportion of inappropriate TTEs ordered in clinical practice. Our objective is to prospectively study the following intervention in a multicentre, randomized control trial format to determine if this intervention will reduce inappropriate TTEs and the number of TTEs ordered in practice.

The study will take place at multiple hospitals in Canada the United States. Participants include cardiologists and primary care providers (both general internal medicine and family practice) who provide ambulatory care.

Once cardiologists and primary care physicians are recruited for the study, they will be randomized into one of two arms: 1) Intervention group, 2) Control group.

A physician's TTE ordering information will be ascertained by review of the individual TTE order and by review of the patient's medical record. Trained research coordinators at each site will review the TTE order for indication and review the patient record to ascertain clinical circumstances regarding the TTE order. The individual research coordinator will review this information using the 2011 AUC and classify the TTE as Appropriate (A), Inappropriate (I) or Uncertain (U), and assign the TTE order the most appropriate indication number accordingly. Research Coordinators will be blinded to which physicians are in the intervention or control group.

Research Coordinators at each site will be responsible for individual physicians' TTE order classifications but will be blinded to study group. Once monthly TTE orders are classified and collated, this information will be transmitted to the central research laboratory, where a research coordinator will collate all of the results and transmit monthly feedback reports to individual physicians. The control group will order TTEs as is their usual practice.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking single blind (outcomes assessor)
Primary purpose health services research
Arm
(Experimental)
This intervention includes the following components: Formal Rounds on AUC for TTE: Appropriate Use for TTE Application for Smartphone Individualized Feedback Reports provided by email
education and feedback
Formal Rounds on AUC for TTE Appropriate Use for TTE Application for Smartphone Individualized Feedback Reports provided by email
(No Intervention)
Usual echocardiography ordering pratice.

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Proportion of Inappropriate Transthoracic Echocardiograms ordered (%)
time frame: 18 months

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Total Number of Transthoracic Echocardiograms Ordered per Physician
time frame: 18 months

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants of any age.

Inclusion Criteria: - Cardiologist or physician practicing Primary Care in the Ambulatory care Exclusion Criteria: - . Pediatric cardiologists and physicians who specialize primarily in adult congenital heart disease will be excluded from the study

Additional Information

Official title Feedback and Education Intervention to Reduce Inappropriate Transthoracic Echocardiograms (TTE)
Principal investigator Sacha R Bhatia, MD
Description This study is an international, prospective, multi-centred, investigator blinded, randomized control trial of an educational and feedback-based intervention vs. usual care to study the proportion of inappropriate TTEs ordered by clinicians in ambulatory care. Increased inappropriate TTE utilization represents a burden to health budgets as costs rise with increased utilization, and to patients themselves who are burdened with unnecessary procedures that can adversely affect quality of care. Rising utilization in an environment with limited supply also creates barriers to access and increased wait times for those patients in the community who are awaiting necessary TTEs. In a move to balance the concern regarding rising utilization while still ensuring physician autonomy on access to ordering cardiac tests and procedures, the American College of Cardiology collaborated with the American Society of Echocardiography to develop its Appropriate Use Criteria (AUC) for Echocardiography in 2007, and were updated in 2011. AUC were created by using the modified RAND appropriateness method. Studies applying AUC to TTE orders at single centres in the US found inappropriate TTE rates in ambulatory (outpatient) care ranging up to 35%. We have successfully created an innovative education and feedback-based intervention that we hypothesize will reduce the proportion of inappropriate TTEs ordered in clinical practice, which will save healthcare dollars and improve quality of care and access to echocardiography. Our objective is to prospectively study the following intervention in a multicentre, randomized control trial format to determine if this intervention will reduce inappropriate TTEs and the number of TTEs ordered in practice. The study will take place at multiple hospitals in Canada the United States. Participants include cardiologists and primary care providers (both general internal medicine and family practice) who provide ambulatory care. Only providers who see patients in ambulatory care clinics will be included. Pediatric cardiologists and physicians who specialize primarily in adult congenital heart disease will be excluded from the study. Physicians who are approached will be required to provide written consent prior to participation in the study. Once cardiologists and primary care physicians are recruited for the study, they will be randomized into one of two arms: 1) Intervention group, 2) Control group. Randomization will occur at the same time for each site to ensure the study start date is consistent across all sites. Collection of TTE ordering information and TTE order classification: A physician's TTE ordering information will be ascertained by review of the individual TTE order and by review of the patient's medical record. This may be through review of the Electronic Medical Record (EMR) or paper chart, depending on the individual site. Trained research coordinators at each site will review the TTE order for indication and review the patient record to ascertain clinical circumstances regarding the TTE order. The individual research coordinator will review this information using the 2011 AUC and classify the TTE as Appropriate (A), Inappropriate (I) or Uncertain (U), and assign the TTE order the most appropriate indication number accordingly. TTE orders that do not have a corresponding indication number will be designated as unclassifiable. Research Coordinators will be blinded to which physicians are in the intervention or control group. This system of TTE classification has been previously piloted and published by our group in two recently published studies, and the rate of successful classification was greater than 98%. Dissemination of TTE monthly feedback reports: Research Coordinators at each site will be responsible for individual physicians' TTE order classifications but will be blinded to study group. Once monthly TTE orders are classified and collated, this information will be transmitted to the central research laboratory, where a research coordinator will collate all of the results and transmit monthly feedback reports to individual physicians. This process ensures that local site coordinators and the study investigators are blinded to the results to the study, while still enabling the creation and dissemination of physician related feedback reports to the intervention group. The control group will order TTEs as is their usual practice.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in June 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Women's College Hospital.