This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition metastatic prostate cancer
Treatments docetaxel 75 mg/m2 + prednisone 10 mg/d + abiraterone 1000 mg/d, docetaxel 75 mg/m2 + prednisone 10 mg/d
Phase phase 2
Sponsor Spanish Oncology Genito-Urinary Group
Start date February 2014
End date October 2017
Trial size 119 participants
Trial identifier NCT02036060, 2013-003811-23


Prostate cancer is the most frequently diagnosed non-skin cancer, and the second leading cause of men cancer death in the United States. Hormonal therapy remains a first-line treatment for metastatic prostate cancer. Initial responses to hormonal therapy with chemical or surgical castration are quite favorable, however, most patients will progress to a castration-resistant phase of the disease. Docetaxel is the primary chemotherapeutic option for patients with mCRPC.

Abiraterone is a novel, selective, irreversible, and potent inhibitor of 17-[alpha]-hydroxylase/17,20-lyase (CYP17) enzymatic activity that has recently been demonstrated to further reduce testosterone levels in the blood to undetectable range (< 1 ng/dL) and is suggested to reduce de novo intratumor androgen synthesis. Abiraterone demonstrated activity in castration resistant prostate cancer patients previously treated with docetaxel chemotherapy. Recently, results of a phase III trial comparing abiraterone plus prednisone vs placebo plus prednisone in asymptomatic and without visceral metastasis, castration-resistant metastatic prostate cancer patients, demonstrated a better radiological progression free survival for abiraterone treated patients and a trend towards a better survival was clear for abiraterone treated patients.

No clinical evidence exists about efficacy of chemotherapy and antiandrogen therapy combination. All trials have been performed in patients in which LHRH agonist treatment was continued although there is not clear evidence about efficacy of hormonal treatment. Some retrospective studies suggest that androgen deprivation treatment should be maintained in chemotherapy treated patients. Abiraterone has been proved to suppress androgen levels to negative values, and to add efficacy to castration hormonal therapy. Combination of abiraterone with docetaxel chemotherapy seems promising adding efficacy to only docetaxel chemotherapy. A randomized phase II study comparing docetaxel + prednisone + abiraterone to docetaxel + prednisone in mCRPC in patients treated previously with abiraterone, seems promising to explore addition of efficacy to taxotere after abiraterone hormonal treatment.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification safety/efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
docetaxel 75 mg/m2 + prednisone 10 mg/d + abiraterone 1000 mg/d
docetaxel 75 mg/m2 + prednisone 10 mg/d + abiraterone 1000 mg/d Arm A
Docetaxel 75 mg/m2 + prednisone 10 mg/d + abiraterone 1000 mg/d in 21 day cycles.
(Active Comparator)
docetaxel 75 mg/m2 + prednisone 10 mg/d
docetaxel 75 mg/m2 + prednisone 10 mg/d Arm B
Docetaxel 75 mg/m2 plus prednisone 10 mg/d in 21 day cycles.

Primary Outcomes

1 year radiologic progression free survival
time frame: 1 year

Secondary Outcomes

Overall survival
time frame: Up to 3 years
Radiologic progression free survival
time frame: Up to 1 year
PSA progression free survival
time frame: Up to 3 weeks
PSA response rate
time frame: Up to 3 weeks
Objective response rate
time frame: Up to 12 weeks
Quality of life
time frame: Up to 12 weeks
Time to skeletal-related event
time frame: Up to 12 weeks
Time to opiate use for cancer pain
time frame: Up to 3 weeks
Time to pain progression
time frame: Up to 3 weeks
Safety profile
time frame: Up to 3 weeks

Eligibility Criteria

Male participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Willing and able to provide written informed consent - Male aged 18 years and above - Histologically or cytologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the prostate. - Metastatic disease documented by positive bone scan or metastatic lesions other than liver or visceral metastasis on CT, MRI. - Prostate cancer progression to previous castration treatment documented by PSA according to PCWG2 or radiographic progression according to modified RECIST criteria or bone scan progression - Asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic from prostate cancer - Surgically or medically castrated, with testosterone levels of < 50 ng/dL (< 2.0 nM). - Previous anti-androgen therapy and progression after withdrawal. - Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status of 0 or 1 - Hemoglobin >= 10.0 g/dL independent of transfusion - Platelet count >= 100,000/µL - Serum albumin >= 3.5 g/dL - Serum creatinine < 1.5 x ULN or a calculated creatinine clearance >= 60 mL/min - Serum potassium >= 3.5 mmol/L - Liver function: a. Serum bilirubin < 1.5 x ULN (except for patients with documented Gilbert's disease) b. AST or ALT < 2.5 x ULN - Life expectancy of at least 6 months - Patients who have partners of childbearing potential must be willing to use a method of birth control Exclusion Criteria: - Active infection or other medical condition that would make prednisone/prednisolone (corticosteroid) use contraindicated - Any chronic medical condition requiring a higher dose of corticosteroid than 10mg prednisone/prednisolone daily. - Pathological finding consistent with small cell carcinoma of the prostate - Liver or visceral organ metastasis - Known brain metastasis - Use of opiate analgesics for cancer-related pain, including codeine and dextropropoxyphene, currently or anytime within 4 weeks of Cycle 1 Day 1 - Prior cytotoxic chemotherapy or biologic therapy for the treatment of CRPC - Radiation therapy for treatment of the primary tumor within 6 weeks of Cycle 1, Day - Radiation or radionuclide therapy for treatment of metastatic CRPC - Previously treated with ketoconazole for prostate cancer for greater than 7 days - Prior systemic treatment with an azole drug (e.g. fluconazole, itraconazole) within 4 weeks of Cycle 1, Day 1 - Prior flutamide (Eulexin) treatment within 4 weeks of Cycle 1, Day 1 - Bicalutamide (Casodex), nilutamide (Nilandron) within 6 weeks of Cycle 1 Day 1 - Uncontrolled hypertension (systolic BP >= 160 mmHg or diastolic BP >= 95 mmHg). - Active or symptomatic viral hepatitis or chronic liver disease - History of pituitary or adrenal dysfunction - Clinically significant heart disease - Atrial Fibrillation, or other cardiac arrhythmia requiring therapy - Other malignancy, except non-melanoma skin cancer, with a >= 30% probability of recurrence within 24 months - Administration of an investigational therapeutic within 30 days of Cycle 1, Day 1 - Any condition which, in the opinion of the investigator, would preclude participation in this trial.

Additional Information

Official title Abiraterone Acetate Maintenance in Combination With Docetaxel After Disease Progression to Abiraterone Acetate in Metastatic Castration Resistant Prostate Cancer. Randomized Phase II Study.
Principal investigator José A Arranz, MD
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in October 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Spanish Oncology Genito-Urinary Group.