Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition hiv
Treatments niacin
Phase phase 2
Sponsor McGill University Health Center
Collaborator CIHR Canadian HIV Trials Network
Start date November 2011
End date November 2016
Trial size 20 participants
Trial identifier NCT02018965, CTN006

Summary

There are a number of powerful anti-HIV drugs, which keep the virus at undetectable levels and enable HIV-infected individuals to live longer. However, some participants taking anti-HIV drugs do not achieve an adequate CD4 recovery and remain at risk for developing AIDS and non-AIDS-related complications.

ER niacin (PrNiaspanFCT®) is an extended-released form of niacin, also known as vitamin B3. Niacin is effective in reducing cholesterol levels in the blood. This drug has been known for a long-time to treat dyslipidemia and it is used to improve favourably all the lipoprotein risk factors for artherosclerotic disease, particularly in HIV-infected patients. Recent scientific research shows that regular consumption of niacin-rich foods may also provide protection against Alzheimer's disease and age-related cognitive decline.

The purpose of this study is to find out:

1. If ER niacin combined with anti-HIV drugs, compared with anti-HIV drugs alone, could reduce T cell immune activation and enhance CD4 recovery;

2. If ER niacin can improve your quality of life and your neurocognitive functions

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model crossover assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Other)
For Arm 1, ER niacin administration begins Week 0 and ends Week 24 (defined as 'immediate use' arm).
niacin Niaspan FCT®
• Group 1: This group will receive an initial dose of ER niacin 500 mg by mouth, the first evening from week 0 to week 4 then increase it to 1000 mg once a day from week 5 to week 8, then increase to 1500 mg from week 9 to week 12 then increase to 2000 mg until weeks 24 and then stopped. Participants will continue to take their ART treatment as prescribed throughout the study.
niacin Niaspan FCT®
• Group 2: This group will not receive ER niacin for the first 24 weeks. This group will receive an initial dose of ER niacin 500 mg the first evening at week 25 by mouth from week 25 to week 28 then increase it to 1000 mg once a day from week 29 to week 32, then increase to 1500 mg from week 33 to week 36 then increase to 2000 mg until week 48 and then stopped. Participants will continue to take their ART treatment as prescribed throughout the study.
(Other)
For Arm 2, ER niacin administration begins after the Week 24 Visit and ends Week 48 (defined as 'deferred use' arm).
niacin Niaspan FCT®
• Group 1: This group will receive an initial dose of ER niacin 500 mg by mouth, the first evening from week 0 to week 4 then increase it to 1000 mg once a day from week 5 to week 8, then increase to 1500 mg from week 9 to week 12 then increase to 2000 mg until weeks 24 and then stopped. Participants will continue to take their ART treatment as prescribed throughout the study.
niacin Niaspan FCT®
• Group 2: This group will not receive ER niacin for the first 24 weeks. This group will receive an initial dose of ER niacin 500 mg the first evening at week 25 by mouth from week 25 to week 28 then increase it to 1000 mg once a day from week 29 to week 32, then increase to 1500 mg from week 33 to week 36 then increase to 2000 mg until week 48 and then stopped. Participants will continue to take their ART treatment as prescribed throughout the study.

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Comparison of the change in CD8CD38 percentage
time frame: 24 weeks
Comparison of the change in CD8CD38 percentage during the ER niacin + ART period
time frame: 48 weeks

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Change in CD4 cell count and their subsets, including naïve, central memory and effector memory and Th17/Treg cells
time frame: 48 weeks
Changes in inflammatory markers such as INF-α, IL-1, IL-6, IL-17, usCRP, LPS and D-dimers
time frame: 48 weeks
Change in plasmatic Trp levels
time frame: 48 weeks
Changes in total cholesterol, HDL, LDL cholesterol and triglycerides
time frame: 48 weeks

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

Participants must meet all of the following criteria within four weeks prior to the Week 0 (Baseline) Visit to be considered eligible for entry into the study: 1. Documented HIV infection by Western Blot, EIA assays or viral load assay 2. Aged 21 or older 3. Viral load < 50 copies/mL for the last 3 months 4. CD4 cell count < 350 cells/µL 5. On stable ART, i.e., ART unchanged for treatment failure (rebound in viral load) for more than 12 months 6. Able to communicate adequately in either French or English 7. Able and willing to give written informed consent prior to enrolment including access to relevant medical records. Participants are not eligible to participate in the study if any of the following conditions are met: 1. Pregnant, breastfeeding or planning to become pregnant during the course of the study. All fecund female participants must undergo a pregnancy test, with a negative result, prior to being eligible to participate in the study 2. Prior history of hypersensitivity reaction to niacin or any other component of the study drug 3. Prior history of flushing 4. Active liver disease or unexplained persistent elevations of serum transaminases 5. Co-infection with active Hepatitis B or C virus (positive HBs Ag or positive anti HBc antibodies with a detectable HBV DNA viral load or positive anti HCV antibodies with a detectable HCV RNA viral load) 6. Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or alkaline phosphatase >2.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) 7. Active duodenal or gastric peptic ulcer 8. Active bleeding disorders 9. History of gout 10. Active AIDS events in the last 3 months as determined by the treating physician 11. Unstable angina or acute phase myocardial infarction, with or without vasodilator agents 12. Diabetic or potentially diabetic with hypercholesterolaemia 13. Renal dysfunction.

Additional Information

Official title Role of Extended-release Niacin on Immune Activation in HIV-infected Patients Treated With Antiretroviral Therapy: a Proof-of-concept Study
Principal investigator Bertrand Lebouché, MD, PhD
Description Primary objective • To assess the impact of extended-release niacin (ER niacin) supplementation + antiretroviral therapy (ART) compared to ART alone on T-cell immune activation as defined by CD8CD38 percentage Secondary objectives - To assess the change in total CD4 T-cell count after ER niacin administration - To explore the effect of ER niacin on regulatory T-cells (Th-17/Treg) in blood and gut mucosa samples - To explore the effect of ER niacin on cytokines and inflammatory markers such as INF-α, IL-1, IL-6, IL-17, D-dimers, usCRP and LPS - To assess the influence of ER niacin on tryptophan (Trp) plasmatic levels - To assess changes in cholesterol and triglycerides - To explore ER niacin tolerance - To evaluate the impact of ER niacin on quality of life (QoL), fatigue, depression, and neurocognitive scores Population: All participants will have an undetectable HIV viral load (< 50 copies/mL) for at least 3 months, current CD4 cell count of < 350 cells/µL and be receiving ART for at least the previous 12 months. Sample size: N=20
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in September 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by McGill University Health Center.