Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions acute coronary syndrome, diabetes mellitus, type 2, hypertriglyceridemia
Treatments fenofibrate, simvastatin
Phase phase 4
Sponsor Koval' O., MD
Start date January 2014
End date September 2016
Trial size 60 participants
Trial identifier NCT02015988, A14-284

Summary

To test the hypothesis that early (within 5-21 days after index event) administration of combined lipid-lowering therapy in extremely high risk population of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and hypertriglyceridemia (HTG) who experienced acute coronary syndrome (ACS) will be effective and well tolerated in achievement of contemporary strict requirements for triglyceride (TG) levels as an independent risk factor in the case of HTG with diabetes.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Experimental)
Simvastatin 40 mg once daily and fenofibrate 145 mg once daily orally for 52 weeks (1 year)
fenofibrate Tricor
simvastatin Zocor-forte
(Active Comparator)
Simvastatin 40 mg once daily orally for 52 weeks (1 year)
simvastatin Zocor-forte

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Percentage change from baseline in triglycerides (TG) at week 12
time frame: Baseline, Week 12

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Percentage of patients who achieved non-High-Density Lipoprotein-Cholesterol (non-HDL-C) level less than 2,6 mmol/l at week 12
time frame: Week 12
Percentage changes from baseline in apoB/apoA1 ratio at week 12
time frame: Baseline, Week 12
Percentage changes from baseline in non-High-Density Lipoprotein-Cholesterol (non-HDL-C) at week 12
time frame: Baseline, Week 12
Percentage changes from baseline in High-Density Lipoprotein-Cholesterol (HDL-C) at week 12
time frame: Baseline, Week 12
Percentage changes from baseline in Low-Density Lipoprotein-Cholesterol (LDL-C) at week 12
time frame: Baseline, Week 12
Percentage changes from baseline in uric acid at week 12
time frame: Baseline, Week 12
Percentage of patients who achieved non-High-Density Lipoprotein-Cholesterol (non-HDL-C) level less than 2,6 mmol/l at week 52
time frame: Week 52
Percentage changes from baseline in apoB/apoA1 ratio at week 52
time frame: Baseline, Week 52
Percentage changes from baseline in non-High-Density Lipoprotein-Cholesterol (non-HDL-C) at week 52
time frame: Baseline, Week 52
Percentage changes from baseline in High-Density Lipoprotein-Cholesterol (HDL-C) at week 52
time frame: Baseline, Week 52
Percentage changes from baseline in Low-Density Lipoprotein-Cholesterol (LDL-C) at week 52
time frame: Baseline, Week 52
Percentage changes from baseline in uric acid at week 52
time frame: Baseline, Week 52

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 18 years up to 75 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus - Fasting triglycerides ≥ 1,7 mmol/l - Acute coronary syndrome at least before 5 and maximum 21 days before the inclusion - If previously treated with statin therapy, the dose should be equivalent to 40 mg of simvastatin at inclusion - In case of previous statin therapy, last LDL-C measurement before event should be ≤ 2,6 mmol/l - Written informed consent obtained Exclusion Criteria: - Heart failure IV class (NYHA) - Acute decompensated heart failure - Life expectancy no more than 1 year - Chronic kidney disease (CKD) with Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) < 30 ml/min/1.73m2 - Severe chronic liver diseases with Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) > 3 Upper Limit of Normal (ULN) - Known gallbladder disease, including cholecystolithiasis - Creatinphosphokinase (CPK) > 5 ULN at baseline - Chronic or acute pancreatitis with the exception of acute pancreatitis due to severe hypertriglyceridemia - Known photoallergy or phototoxic reaction during treatment with fibrates or ketoprofen, - Known allergy to peanut or arachis oil or soya lecithin or related products - Hypersensitivity to simvastatin or fenofibrate or to any of the excipients of the investigational drugs - Concomitant administration of potent cytochrome P450 isoenzyme 3A4 inhibitors (e.g. itraconazole, ketoconazole, fluconazole, posaconazole, Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) protease inhibitors (e.g. nelfinavir), erythromycin, clarithromycin, telithromycin and nefazodone) - Pregnancy and lactation

Additional Information

Official title Effectiveness and Tolerability of Early Initiation of Combined Lipid -Lowering Therapy Included Simvastatin and Fenofibrate vs Simvastatin Alone in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Hypertriglyceridemia and Acute Coronary Syndrome
Principal investigator Olena A Koval', MD, PhD
Description The primary objective of this parallel group study is to demonstrate that the combined therapy of simvastatin and fenofibrate is superior compared to monotherapy with simvastatin based on the comparisons of change of TG levels after 12 weeks of treatment compared to baseline. Secondary objectives are to compare both treatment alternatives the combination therapy of simvastatin and fenofibrate to simvastatin monotherapy with respect to achievement the European Society of Cardiology 2011 (ESC 2011) non-HDL-C target (less than 2,6 mmol/l), change of apolipoprotein B/apolipoprotein A1 (apoB/apoA1) ratio, High-Density Lipoprotein-Cholesterol (HDL-C), Low-Density Lipoprotein-Cholesterol (LDL-C) and Uric Acid (UA) after 12 weeks and 52 weeks (1 year) of treatment compared to baseline.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in August 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Dnipropetrovsk State Medical Academy.