Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions chronic ischemic left ventricular dysfunction, myocardial infarction
Treatment allogeneic hmscs
Phase phase 2
Sponsor Joshua M Hare
Collaborator The EMMES Corporation
Start date November 2013
End date June 2017
Trial size 30 participants
Trial identifier NCT02013674, 20120660

Summary

Thirty (30) patients with chronic ischemic left ventricular dysfunction secondary to MI scheduled to undergo cardiac catheterization will be enrolled in the study. This is a phase II study intended to gain additional safety and efficacy assessments among two dose levels previously studied in a phase I setting.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification safety/efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking double blind (subject, investigator)
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Experimental)
Fifteen (15) patients to be treated with Allo-hMSCs: 4 million cells/ml delivered in a dose of 0.5 ml per injection x 10 injections for a total of 0.2x 10^8 (20 million) Allo-hMSCs.
allogeneic hmscs Allogeneic Adult Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs)
Allogeneic Adult Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs) delivered via injection
(Experimental)
Fifteen (15) patients to be treated with Allo-hMSCs: 20 million cells/ml delivered in a dose of 0.5 ml per injection x 10 injections for a total of 1x 10^8 (100 million) Allo-hMSCs.
allogeneic hmscs Allogeneic Adult Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs)
Allogeneic Adult Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs) delivered via injection

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Treatment-emergent serious adverse events (SAE).
time frame: One month post-catherization

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Computed Tomography (CT) derived measures of left ventricular function.
time frame: Participants will be followed once at baseline and once 12 months following injection.
Tissue perfusion measured by Computed Tomography (CT).
time frame: Participants will be followed once every 6 months following injection for an expected average of 12 months.
Peak Oxygen Consumption (VO2) (by treadmill determination).
time frame: Participants will be followed once every 6 months following injection for an expected average of 12 months.
Six-minute walk test.
time frame: Participants will be followed once every 6 months following injection for an expected average of 12 months.
New York Heart Association functional class.
time frame: Participants will be followed once every 6 months following injection for an expected average of 12 months.
Major Adverse Cardiac Events (MACE)
time frame: Participants will be followed once every 6 months following injection for an expected average of 12 months.
Secondary safety endpoints.
time frame: Participants will be followed once every 6 months following injection for an expected average of 12 months.
Minnesota Living with Heart Failure (MLHF)Questionnaire
time frame: Participants will be followed once every 6 months following injection for an expected average of 12 months.
Echocardiographic-derived measures of left ventricular function
time frame: Participants will be followed for three visits, over an expected average of 12 months.

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 21 years up to 90 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - In order to participate in this study, a patient MUST: 1. Be ≥ 21 and < 90 years of age. 2. Provide written informed consent. 3. Have a diagnosis of chronic ischemic left ventricular dysfunction secondary to myocardial infarction (MI) as defined by previous myocardial infarction documented by an imaging study demonstrating coronary artery disease with corresponding areas of akinesis, dyskinesis, or severe hypokinesis. 4. Been treated with appropriate maximal medical therapy for heart failure or post-infarction left ventricular dysfunction. For beta-blockade, the patient must have been on a stable dose of a clinically appropriate beta-blocker for 3 months. For angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition, the patient must have been on a stable dose of a clinically appropriate agent for 1 month. 5. Be a candidate for cardiac catheterization within 5 to 10 weeks of screening as determined by doctors. 6. Have an ejection fraction of less than or equal to 50% by gated blood pool scan, two-dimensional echocardiogram, CT, or left ventriculogram within the prior six months and not in the setting of a recent ischemic event. Exclusion Criteria: - In order to participate in this study, a patient MUST NOT: 1. Have a baseline glomerular filtration rate ≤ 35 ml/min/1.73m2. 2. Have a known, serious radiographic contrast allergy. 3. Have a Mechanical aortic valve or heart constrictive device. 4. Have a documented presence of aortic stenosis (aortic stenosis graded as 1.5cm2 or less). 5. Have a documented presence of moderate to severe aortic insufficiency (echocardiographic assessment of aortic insufficiency graded as ≥+2). 6. Require coronary artery revascularization. Patients who require or undergo revascularization procedures should undergo these procedures a minimum of 3 months in advance of treatment in this study. In addition, patients who develop a need for revascularization following enrollment will be submitted for this therapy without delay. 7. Have evidence of a life-threatening arrhythmia in the absence of a defibrillator (non-sustained ventricular tachycardia ≥ 20 consecutive beats or complete second or third degree heart block in the absence of a functioning pacemaker) or Corrected for heart rate (QTc) interval > 550 ms on screening ECG 8. Automatic Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (AICD) firing in the past 60 days prior to enrollment. 9. Have a hematologic abnormality as evidenced by hematocrit < 25%, white blood cell < 2,500/µl or platelet values < 100,000/µl without another explanation. 10. Have liver dysfunction, as evidenced by enzymes (AST and ALT) greater than three times the upper limit of normal (ULN). 11. Have a coagulopathy = (INR > 1.3) not due to a reversible cause (i.e., Coumadin). Patients on Coumadin will be withdrawn 5 days before the procedure and confirmed to have an INR < 1.3. Patients who cannot be withdrawn from Coumadin will be excluded from enrollment 12. Have known allergies to penicillin or streptomycin. 13. Hypersensitivity to Dimethyl Sulfoxide (DMSO). 14. Be an organ transplant recipient. 15. Have a history of organ or cell transplant rejection 16. Have a clinical history of malignancy within 5 years (i.e., patients with prior malignancy must be disease free for 5 years), except curatively-treated basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, melanoma in situ or cervical carcinoma. 17. Have a non-cardiac condition that limits lifespan to < 1 year. 18. Have a history of drug or alcohol abuse within the past 24 months. 19. Be on chronic therapy with immunosuppressant medication, such as corticosteroids or TNFα antagonists. 20. Be serum positive for HIV, hepatitis BsAg or viremic hepatitis C. 21. Be currently participating (or participated within the previous 30 days) in an investigational therapeutic or device trial. 22. Be a female who is pregnant, nursing, or of childbearing potential while not practicing effective contraceptive methods. Female patients must undergo a blood or urine pregnancy test at screening and within 36 hours prior to injection.

Additional Information

Official title A Phase II, Randomized, Blinded, Study of the Safety and Efficacy of Transendocardial Injection of Allogeneic Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells (hMSCs) (20 Million or 100 Million Total MSCs) in Patients With Chronic Ischemic Left Ventricular Dysfunction Secondary to Myocardial Infarction.
Principal investigator Joshua M Hare, MD
Description Thirty (30) patients with chronic ischemic left ventricular dysfunction secondary to MI scheduled to undergo cardiac catheterization will be enrolled in the study.This is a phase II study intended to gain additional safety and efficacy assessments among two dose levels previously studied in a phase I setting. In this study, a 20 million total hMSC dose and a 100 million total hMSC dose will be randomly allocated administered via the Biocardia Helical infusion system in a blinded manner. The technique of transplanting progenitor cells into a region of damaged myocardium, termed cellular cardiomyoplasty, is a potentially new therapeutic modality designed to replace or repair necrotic, scarred, or dysfunctional myocardium. Ideally, graft cells should be readily available, easy to culture to ensure adequate quantities for transplantation, and able to survive in host myocardium, which is often a hostile environment of limited blood supply and immunorejection. Whether effective cellular regenerative strategies require that administered cells differentiate into adult cardiomyocytes and couple electromechanically with the surrounding myocardium is increasingly controversial and recent evidence suggests that this may not be required for effective cardiac repair. Most importantly, transplantation of graft cells should improve cardiac function and prevent adverse ventricular remodeling. To date, a number of candidate cells have been transplanted in experimental models, including fetal and neonatal cardiomyocytes, embryonic stem cell-derived myocytes, tissue engineered contractile grafts9, skeletal myoblasts, several cell types derived from adult bone marrow, and cardiac precursors residing within the heart itself. There has been substantial clinical development in the use of whole bone marrow and skeletal myoblast preparations in studies enrolling both post-infarction patients and patients with chronic ischemic left ventricular dysfunction and heart failure. The effects of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have also been studied clinically. Currently, bone marrow or bone marrow-derived cells represent a highly promising modality for cardiac repair. The totality of evidence from trials investigating autologous whole bone marrow infusions into patients following myocardial infarction supports the safety of this approach. In terms of efficacy, increases in ejection fraction are reported in the majority of the trials. Chronic ischemic left ventricular dysfunction is a common and problematic condition; definitive therapy in the form of heart transplantation is available to only a tiny minority of eligible patients. Cellular cardiomyoplasty for chronic heart failure has been studied less than for acute MI, but represents a potentially important alternative for this disease.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in November 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by University of Miami.