Efficacy Study of Omalizumab in Cholinergic Urticaria
This trial is active, not recruiting.
|Treatments||active, placebo, open labeled|
|Sponsor||Clinica Universidad de Navarra, Universidad de Navarra|
|Collaborator||Hospital Clinic of Barcelona|
|Start date||January 2014|
|End date||September 2016|
|Trial size||24 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT02012387, CUN-OMAL-UCOL|
To demonstrate the efficacy and safety of Omalizumab in a new indication, that is cholinergic urticaria.
|Endpoint classification||safety/efficacy study|
|Intervention model||parallel assignment|
|Masking||double blind (subject, caregiver, investigator, outcomes assessor)|
Negativization of the exercise challenge test
time frame: It will be assessed prior to the study, and subsequently each 4 weeks up to 12 months.
Quality of life
time frame: It will be evaluated up to 48 weeks.
time frame: It will be assessed up to 48 weeks.
Treatment drop offs in each sequence
time frame: Up to 48 weeks.
Male or female participants at least 14 years old.
|Official title||Multicenter Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Parallel Clinical Trial to Assess Efficacy and Safety of Omalizumab (Xolair®) in a New Indication: Cholinergic Urticarial|
|Description||Physical urticarias, such as delayed pressure, cholinergic, dermatographism and cold urticaria, are highly disabling conditions. Cholinergic urticaria occurs due to an active (e.g. exercise) or passive (e.g. hot bath) increase in core body temperature, causing itching and small hives with flare reaction on the trunk and limps that fade away upon cooling of the body. As it is the case of chronic urticaria, physical urticarias have a great impact on patients' quality of life[3, 4]. However, these types of urticarias cause even more alteration on quality of life because of the limitations they cause in daily life activities, sports practicing or work performance. In spite of the high morbidity of this disease and the impact on quality of life, there is no available treatment. Antihistamines that usually control other types of urticaria could only partially alleviate cholinergic urticaria. There is only one paper that shows efficacy doubling the dose of cetirizine above the recommended dosage on the Summary of Product Characteristics (off-label dosage). The poor response to antihistamine is justified by the minimal role of histamine in its physiopathology and only after employing very high doses. The etiology and pathogenesis of hive formation remains unknown, though it is recognized that mast cells are clearly involved. On the other hand, it seems that desensitization or tolerance could be induced in cholinergic urticaria. Thus as it is the case of drug desensitization, Immunoglobulin E (IgE) receptor must also play a role in the development of this physical urticaria. In the past years, the monoclonal humanized anti-IgE antibody (Omalizumab) was shown to be effective in control cholinergic urticaria not respondent to conventional therapies at maximum or off-label doses. A negative response was also reported for cholinergic urticaria. Our rationale for this approach in this type of urticaria is that Omalizumab exerts an inhibitory action on mast cell activation, as is the case of desensitization. For that purpose, we will perform a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled parallel clinical trial. We will include 24 patients including both female and male patients (age 14 years or older), non-respondent to antihistamines. Efficacy will be evaluated through the negativization of the European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (EAACI), European Dermatology Forum (EDF) and urticaria network e.V (UNEV) standardized exercise challenge test, Visual Analog Scale (VAS), Chronic Urticaria Quality of Life validated questionnaire, patients' card of symptoms and use of rescue medication. Additional measures of efficacy will also be: the number of dropouts in each treatment group; the leave days due of urticaria and Emergency Department visits. Finally, safety will be assessed by means of recording and evaluation of adverse reactions during treatment. As we previously stated, Omalizumab is not indicated for physical or other types of urticaria. The only indication is for treatment of moderate-to-severe allergic asthma. The hypothesis we are working on is that the monoclonal anti-IgE antibody Omalizumab could be as well effective in controlling physical urticaria symptoms in patients non-respondent to conventional therapy. We hypothesize that Omalizumab is able to revert the basophil or mast cell activation present in those urticaria types.|
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