This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition lymphoma
Treatments rcomp, rchop
Phase phase 2
Sponsor Grupo Español de Linfomas y Transplante Autólogo de Médula Ósea
Start date October 2013
End date October 2016
Trial size 91 participants
Trial identifier NCT02012088, GEL-R-COMP-2013


The Phase II study proposed here assesses the hypothesis that replacing doxorubicin by Myocet® in the R-CHOP regimen would yield comparable antitumour efficacy with a lower cardiotoxicity for first-line treatment in elderly patients with non-localised DLBCL/Follicular lymphoma grade IIIb

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification safety study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
R-COMP Regimen: Day 1: Rituximab 375 mg/m2; Myocet® 50 mg/m2; cyclophosphamide 750 mg/m2; vincristine 1.4 mg/m2 (maximum 2 mg); prednisone 60 mg/m2 Days 2-5: Prednisone, 60 mg/m2 Administered every 21 days × 6 cycles
rcomp Rituximab
Day 1: Rituximab 375 mg/m2; Myocet® 50 mg/m2; cyclophosphamide 750 mg/m2; vincristine 1.4 mg/m2 (maximum 2 mg); prednisone 60 mg/m2 Days 2-5: Prednisone, 60 mg/m2 Administered every 21 days × 6 cycles
(Active Comparator)
R-CHOP Regimen: Day 1: Rituximab 375 mg/m2; Doxorubicin 50 mg/m2; cyclophosphamide 750 mg/m2; vincristine 1.4 mg/m2 (maximum 2 mg); prednisone 60 mg/m2 Days 2-5: Prednisone, 60 mg/m2 Administered every 21 days × 6 cycles
rchop Rituximab
Day 1: Rituximab 375 mg/m2; Doxorubicin 50 mg/m2; cyclophosphamide 750 mg/m2; vincristine 1.4 mg/m2 (maximum 2 mg); prednisone 60 mg/m2 Days 2-5: Prednisone, 60 mg/m2 Administered every 21 days × 6 cycles

Primary Outcomes

Subclinical cardiac toxicity
time frame: Day 135
Subclinical cardiac toxicity
time frame: Day 225

Secondary Outcomes

time frame: 2 and 5 years
Response rate
time frame: Day 135
Cardiac/cardiovascular toxicity
time frame: During 5 years
Toxicity (except cardiac)
time frame: During 2 years
Cardiac biomarkers
time frame: During 12 months

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 60 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - ≥60 years of age - Histological confirmed DLBCL/follicular lymphoma grade IIIb by WHO classification, with any IPI (International Prognostic Index) - Newly diagnosed, with no previous treatment - Non-localised stage, i.e. lymphoma that does not fit into a single radiotherapy field (including clinical stage IA with large tumour mass until stage IV) with at least one measurable lesion - ECOG performance status 0 to 2 - Present appropriate haematologic, liver (ALT or AST < 2.5 ULN ? upper limit of normal) and renal functions (creatinine < 2.5 ULN) , unless changes are secondary to lymphoma - LVEF at rest ? 55%, with no documented history of congestive heart failure (CHF), serious arrhythmia or acute myocardial infarction Exclusion Criteria: - Clinical stage I without large tumour mass or clinical stage IIA with fewer than three affected areas (stage-IIB patients are considered suitable, regardless of the number of affected areas) - CNS infiltration - Transformed lymphoma, although with no previous treatment, as well as other histological subtypes such as mantle cell lymphoma, peripheral T-cell lymphoma and its variants and post-transplant lymphoproliferative syndrome - Clinically significant secondary cardiovascular disease - Signs of any severe, acute or chronic and active infection - Concurrent malignancy or history of other neoplasia except basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and cervical or breast carcinoma in situ (CIN) - Patients with positive results in the HBV, HIV or HCV RNA tests - Any previous treatment for DLBCL/follicular lymphoma grade IIIb

Additional Information

Official title Phase II, Randomised, Multicentre Study With Two Treatment Arms (R-COMP Versus R-CHOP) in Newly Diagnosed Elderly Patients (≥60 Years) With Non-localised Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma (DLBCL)/Follicular Lymphoma Grade IIIb.
Principal investigator Dr. Alejandro Martin
Description Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common histological subtype of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). This is an aggressive lymphoma, with an incidence in Western countries estimated at 5-6 cases/100,000 inhabitants/year that increases with age. Treatment for patients with DLBCL is currently based on immunochemotherapy, of which the R-CHOP regimen, which includes cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisone (CHOP) in combination with the anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody rituximab and is administered every 21 days for a total of 6-8 cycles, is the most commonly used. Cardiotoxicity is one of the undesirable effects that limit the use of anthracyclines, such as doxorubicin, as part of the CHOP regimen, which is caused by the formation of complexes between ferric ions and the anthracycline within the myocyte. Because of their oxidative properties, these complexes are toxic and produce highly reactive free radicals that damage the lipid membrane and lead to the cell death of myocytes. Several studies have linked the onset of cardiotoxicity with old age, high cumulative doses of doxorubicin, cardiovascular risk factors and previous heart disease, among others. Anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity is cumulative and irreversible. Moreover, left ventricular dysfunction is an important late effect in patients with aggressive NHL who survive long term and, according to some studies, have received doxorubicin at doses higher than 200 mg/m². Cardiotoxicity may be silent or subclinical, which is usually detected as a decrease in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), or clinical, with varying degrees of congestive heart failure (CHF). Depending on the symptoms, cardiotoxicity also differs between acute, subacute, late or chronic. The first is manifested at an early stage, usually as arrhythmia, transient ECG changes or pericarditis, among others, is usually reversible, is not detrimental to the continuation of treatment and is not associated with subacute and late toxicity. Chronic cardiotoxicity could be early or late. Early-onset cardiotoxicity occurs within 1 year after anthracycline treatment and late-onset cardiotoxicity occurs more than 1 year after completion of anthracycline treatment. In the latter two, cardiotoxicity is associated with the lesion of cardiomyocytes and is therefore considered irreversible. The incidence of cardiotoxicity varies among different studies, depending on patient follow-up or the definition of cardiotoxicity used (acute, subacute or late). In addition to clinical findings, the determination of LVEF or, more recently, the use of biomarkers, are the most commonly used methods to diagnose and assess cardiotoxicity. Regarding the identification of biomarkers, troponin I and N-terminal fragment of pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) are the most commonly used and investigated in the context of clinical studies. The advantages of using biomarkers include their minimally invasive identification, which is less expensive than echocardiography, and, unlike radionuclide ventriculography, they avoid irradiation of the patient. Furthermore, the interpretation of their results does not depend on the observer's experience, thus avoiding interobserver variability. Several studies have shown the role of troponins as indicators of early anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity or other chemotherapeutic agents, which are able to predict impaired ventricular function and higher incidence of cardiac events in patients with elevated values of this marker compared with patients with normal troponin values. Regarding the use of brain natriuretic peptides such as NT-proBNP, several studies have shown a correlation between persistently high values of this biomarker and impaired heart function parameters, in particular LVEF. Myocet® (non-pegylated liposomal doxorubicin) is one of the several strategies developed to reduce cardiotoxicity and maintain the therapeutic efficacy of the R-CHOP regimen. Non-pegylated liposomal doxorubicin has shown a similar efficacy and less cardiotoxicity than conventional doxorubicin in the treatment of women with metastatic breast cancer. In addition, several studies in patients with NHL have shown similar response rates with regimens containing non-pegylated liposomal doxorubicin to those obtained in historical controls with conventional doxorubicin, with a low incidence of clinical and subclinical cardiovascular events. The treatment is relatively well tolerated, while myelosuppression is its most important toxicity. Most of these phase I and II studies (with or without rituximab), which assessed Myocet® in combination with cyclophosphamide; vincristine and prednisone, showed that it is an active treatment in newly diagnosed patients with aggressive NHL. 100% of the data registered on CRFs will be source data verified. eCRDs will be used in order to register the data. Nine monitoring visits per site will be performed. First monitoring vistit will be performed when the first patient is included Second monitoring visit willb be performed when the third patient is included Third monitoring visit will be perforemd when the fifth patient is included Fourth monitoring visit will be performed then the last patient finish study treatment One monitoring visit per year will be performed during follow-up phase. CRO (Dynamic) Standard Operating Procedures will be used to manage the clinical trial. Sample size of the study is based on the hypothesis of a LEVF decrease <55% in the 15% of patients assigned to R-CHOP treatment group and 5% of patients assigned to R-COMP treatment group. Categorical variables were show by absolute and relative frequencies, including the confidence interval of 95%. For the description of the continuous variables will be use the mean, standard deviation, median, mode, minimum and maximum, including the total number of valid values. In the case of compare subgroups of patients, will be use for quantitative variables parametric tests or nonparametric as characteristics of the variables under study. For qualitative variables will be use Chi-square test. Statistical analysis was planned with the SAS statistical package version 9.1 or later. Two interim analysis will be performed when the last patient peforms the end of treatment visit and when the last patient performd the 24 months follow-up visit. Final analysis will be performed at the end of the study.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in December 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Grupo Español de Linfomas y Transplante Autólogo de Médula Ósea.