This trial has been completed.

Condition contraception
Treatment levonorgestrel iud
Phase phase 4
Sponsor University of Utah
Collaborator Society of Family Planning
Start date January 2014
End date November 2016
Trial size 179 participants
Trial identifier NCT01990703, 62844


We are studying the effect of placing the levonorgestrel IUD (Mirena) immediately after birth on breastfeeding. Women who wish to have a levonorgestrel IUD placed after their birth, wish to breastfeed, and are willing to participate in the study will be randomly assigned to either get the IUD placed immediately after delivery of the baby and placenta or 4-6 weeks later. We do not believe there will be a difference in breastfeeding 8 weeks after delivery between those who get the IUD placed early or later.

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Intervention model parallel assignment
Primary purpose treatment
Masking no masking
Immediate post-placental placement of the levonorgestrel IUD
levonorgestrel iud Mirena
Timing of IUD insertion
(Active Comparator)
Placement of the levonorgestrel IUD 4-6 weeks postpartum
levonorgestrel iud Mirena
Timing of IUD insertion

Primary Outcomes

Breastfeeding continuation rates at 8 weeks postpartum
time frame: 8 weeks postpartum

Secondary Outcomes

Lactogenesis Stage 2
time frame: First 5 days after birth

Eligibility Criteria

Female participants from 18 years up to 40 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Healthy, 18-40 year old pregnant women - Intend to breastfeed - Desire the LNG IUD as their method of contraception - Agree to be randomized to early versus standard postpartum insertion - Have delivered a healthy term infant (37 weeks gestation) - Willing to complete all study related procedures, visits and questionnaires Exclusion Criteria: - Chorioamnionitis - Obstetric complications including transfusion - Severe pregnancy induced hypertension - Prolonged hospitalization - Coagulopathy - Liver disease - Undiagnosed genital bleeding, or other relative contraindication to LNG IUD insertion (known or suspected pregnancy, uterine cavity abnormality, known, suspected, or history of breast cancer, or hypersensitivity to any of the components in the LNG IUD).

Additional Information

Official title Randomized Controlled Trial of Early Versus Standard Postpartum Insertion of the Levonorgestrel IUD to Assess Breast Feeding Outcomes (BLIS - Breastfeeding Levonorgestrel IUD Study)
Principal investigator David K Turok, MD
Description Increasing use of the levonorgestrel intrauterine device (LNG IUD) has become a cornerstone of U.S. efforts to decrease our nation's high rate of unplanned pregnancy. Many women initiate use of this method in the post partum period. The major advantage of immediate postplacental LNG IUD insertion is the prompt initiation of a highly effective contraceptive method at a time that does not interfere with the intense demands of newborn care, but any contraceptive method initiated in the postpartum period must not interfere with breastfeeding. Our long-term goal is to understand the impact of hormonal contraceptives, initiated early in the postpartum period, on breastfeeding. The central hypothesis is that quality of breastfeeding is not negatively affected by progestin-only hormonal contraceptives. We will pursue three specific aims comparing women randomized to immediate post-placental vs. delayed (4-6 week) postpartum LNG IUD insertion: Aim #1: To determine breastfeeding continuation rates at 8 weeks in both groups Aim #2: To determine timing of lactogenesis in both groups Aim #3: To assess breastfeeding continuation, exclusivity, and satisfaction as well as continuation and satisfaction with the LNG IUD at 26 weeks postpartum in both groups This proposal will support a non-inferiority RCT where participants will be randomly assigned to immediate postplacental insertion (within 10 minutes of placental delivery) or delayed postpartum insertion (4-6 weeks postpartum). This project will provide needed evidence on breastfeeding impact of early postpartum initiation of the LNG IUD.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in February 2017.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by University of Utah.