This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition prostate cancer
Treatments image guided external beam radiotherapy with or without brachytherapy boost, brachytherapy
Phase phase 2
Sponsor Canadian Cancer Trials Group
Start date November 2013
End date March 2016
Trial size 57 participants
Trial identifier NCT01982786, PR15


This research is being done because investigators involved in this study would like to compare image guided external beam radiation therapy (IGRT) to IGRT plus HDR brachytherapy boost to see which treatment is better and what the side effects of treatment are.

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Intervention model parallel assignment
Primary purpose other
Masking no masking
(Active Comparator)
IGRT* 60 Gy in 20 fractions OR IGRT 78 Gy in 39 fractions
image guided external beam radiotherapy with or without brachytherapy boost
image guided external beam radiotherapy (IGRT) or IGRT with high dose rate (HDR) brachytherapy boost
(Active Comparator)
IGRT 37.5 Gy in 15 fractions + HDR brachytherapy boost 15 Gy
image guided external beam radiotherapy with or without brachytherapy boost
image guided external beam radiotherapy (IGRT) or IGRT with high dose rate (HDR) brachytherapy boost
Brachytherapy boost

Primary Outcomes

Feasibility of ability to accrue patients
time frame: 21 months

Secondary Outcomes

Number of adverse events
time frame: 21 months
Treatment compliance
time frame: 21 months
Validation of a radiotherapy quality assurance process
time frame: 21 months

Eligibility Criteria

Male participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Histologically confirmed prostate adenocarcinoma. The date of the last biopsy that verifies that the eligibility criterions have been met must be within 9 months prior to randomization. There must be no prior treatment. - Intermediate-risk cancer patients based on the NCCN Guidelines (www.nccn.org): • TNM classification: - T2b-T2c and Gleason Score < 8/10 and PSA < 20 ng/ml; or - T1c-T2a and Gleason Score 7/10 and PSA < 20 ng/ml; or - T1c-T2a and Gleason Score ≤ 6/10 and 10 ≤ PSA < 20 ng/ml For patients who have been on alpha reductase inhibitors within the last 6 months, use the following guidelines: - T2b-T2c and Gleason Score < 8/10 and PSA ≤ 10 ng/ml; or - T1c-T2a and Gleason Score 7/10 and PSA ≤ 10 ng/ml; or - T1c-T2a and Gleason Score ≤ 6/10 and 5 ≤ PSA ≤ 10 ng/ml - No alpha reductase inhibitors (i.e. avodart, proscar) use within 2 weeks of randomization. A washout period of 2 weeks is required prior to randomization. - Prostate volume ≤ 75 cc. - American Urological Association (AUA) Symptom Index score < 20. - Judged to be medically fit for IGRT and HDR brachytherapy boost by a radiation oncologist. - ECOG Performance Status of 0 or 1. - ≥ 18 years of age. - Patient consent must be appropriately obtained in accordance with applicable local and regulatory requirements. Each patient must sign a consent form prior to enrolment in the trial to document their willingness to participate. - Patients must be accessible for treatment and follow-up. Patients registered on this trial must be treated and followed at the participating centre. This implies there must be reasonable geographical limits (for example: 1 ½ hour's driving distance) placed on patients being considered for this trial. Investigators must assure themselves the patients registered on this trial will be available for complete documentation of the treatment, adverse events, and follow-up. - Protocol treatment is to begin within 4 weeks of patient randomization. HDR brachytherapy boost treatment is to begin within 3 weeks before or after IGRT for those randomized to Arm 2. - Participants must be willing to take precautions to prevent pregnancy while on treatment. In addition to routine contraceptive methods, "effective contraception" also includes heterosexual celibacy and surgery intended to prevent pregnancy (or with a side-effect of pregnancy prevention). However, if at any point a previously celibate patient chooses to become heterosexually active during the time period for use of contraceptive measures, he is responsible for beginning contraceptive measures. Exclusion Criteria: - History of transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP). - Patients with a history of other malignancies, except: adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer, or other solid tumours curatively treated with no evidence of disease for ≥ 5 years. - Prior or current bleeding diathesis. - Prior pelvic or prostate radiotherapy. - Previous history of (or planned) androgen deprivation therapy. - Evidence of metastatic disease. - Any serious active disease or co-morbid medical condition, laboratory abnormality, psychiatric illness, active or uncontrolled infections, or serious illnesses or medical conditions that would prevent the patient from participating or to be managed according to the protocol (according to investigator's decision).

Additional Information

Official title Randomized Phase II Feasibility Trial Of Image Guided External Beam Radiotherapy With Or Without High Dose Rate Brachytherapy Boost In Men With Intermediate-Risk Prostate Cancer
Description Before a big study is done, a smaller study (called a "feasibility study") is required to make sure that patients and physicians are willing to participate in a study comparing the two kinds of treatments, and to verify how the radiation therapy is given in different centres across Canada. The standard or usual treatment for this disease includes treatment with IGRT or IGRT plus HDR brachytherapy boost.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in March 2017.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Canadian Cancer Trials Group.