Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition low back pain
Treatments high-velocity, low-amplitude (hvla), muscle energy (me), sham
Sponsor Federal University of Health Science of Porto Alegre
Start date February 2013
End date June 2014
Trial size 60 participants
Trial identifier NCT01971983, Osteo-ufcspa

Summary

The objective of this randomized controlled trial is to describe the effect of two osteopathic techniques - "high velocity, low amplitude" (HVLA) and muscle energy (ME) - on thickness, activation, strength, pressure pain threshold (PPT) of the paravertebral muscles at the lumbar spine, as well as the peak plantar pressures immediately and after a two-day follow-up.

The muscle thickness of the paravertebral muscles at the lumbar spine, namely internal oblique, external oblique and transversus abdominis can be altered after the application of 'high-velocity low-amplitude'(HVLA)and 'muscle energy' (ME)techniques immediately and after a two-day follow-up.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking single blind (outcomes assessor)
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Experimental)
The subjects allocated to this group will receive a 'High-velocity, low-amplitude (HVLA) technique over the lumbar spine.
high-velocity, low-amplitude (hvla) Thrust manipulation
With the subject lying on his/her side, the therapist will rotate the patient's trunk, flex his/her hip and knee of the upper leg. The therapist positions his caudad forearm over the hip, while the cephalad forearm lies over the patient's shoulder. The therapist's hands will be positioned over the lumbar spine's spinous process to be manipulated.
(Experimental)
Subjects allocated to this group will receive a muscle energy (ME) technique.
muscle energy (me) Mitchell's technique
This technique involves the active movement of the patient to activate a specific musculature in order to move a bony segment of a given joint in a specific direction in relation to the adjacent bone. This technique aims to restore the restricted movement of the joint in question.
(Sham Comparator)
The individuals allocated to this group received an intervention of the "sham". The sample of this group will consist of subjects with history of dysfunctions of the lumbar spine.
sham
Individuals in this group received a sham intervention type, in order to simulate an intervention.

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Muscle thickness
time frame: immediate
Muscle thickness
time frame: Two days

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Pressure pain threshold
time frame: Immediate
Pressure pain threshold
time frame: Two days

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 18 years up to 40 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - At least one episode of low back pain over the last three months; confirmation of lumbar spine dysfunction by an experienced osteopath; age between 18 and 40 years; do not have performed physical stress activities over the last 24 hours; do not be physically active (physical activity for at least three times a week); fulfill the orientations to the follow-up assessment. Exclusion Criteria: - History of surgery, fracture or fixation on the lumbar spine and/or the pelvis; being pregnant; signs of radiculopathy; disc herniation at the lumbar spine; degenerative process at the lumbar spine; have received any kind of manipulative treatments over the past four weeks;

Additional Information

Official title Effect of Two Osteopathic Techniques on Thickness of Paravertebral Muscles of the Lumbar Spine: Randomized Controlled Trial
Principal investigator Rodrigo F Angellos, Physiotherapis
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in March 2014.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Federal University of Health Science of Porto Alegre.