Pre-operative Diet: Effect of Wound Healing After Bariatric Surgery
This trial is active, not recruiting.
|Treatment||diet group 800 kcal diet|
|Sponsor||King's College Hospital NHS Trust|
|Start date||November 2012|
|End date||November 2016|
|Trial size||20 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT01950052, KCH12-109|
This study is a randomised control trial comparing the effects of a pre-operative very low calorie diet (VLCD) on wound healing in the morbidly obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery.
The benefits and disadvantages of a very low calorie pre-operative diet are not clear. Some centres ask their patients to take a VLCD 2-6 weeks before bariatric surgery with the aim of shrinking the liver to make surgery easier. Studies have shown that after this diet the liver does shrink and therefore operating may be easier but this did not necessary translate into significant lesser operative times. The effects of operating during a catabolic phase have not been evaluated. Theoretically a low calorie diet before surgery is similar to starving a patient and can potentially create a state of malnutrition. This is rarely advisable before surgery and can lead to poor wound healing and poor healing of bowel anastomosis.
This study will ascertain if there is any difference in wound healing rates in these morbidly obese patients (BMI>40kg/m2)undergoing a Laparoscopic Roux en Y gastric by pass in groups who have taken the preoperative diet compared to those who were not on a special diet. Skin wounds will be evaluated. This will potentially reflect the general state of healing of the patient which includes the healing of bowel anastomosis. Surrogate markers will be employed to evaluate the pre-morbid nutritional state, effectiveness of dieting, subsequent wound healing (collagen production, markers for the different aspects of wound healing) and impact on liver cell death .This study will be able to tell us how safe this calorie deficient diet is in these morbidly obese patients before surgery.
|Intervention model||parallel assignment|
|Masking||double blind (caregiver, investigator, outcomes assessor)|
Collagen 1/3 ratio after diet and surgery
time frame: 7 days following surgery
Is there any difference in wound healing between patients undergoing aggressive calorie restriction and those without a dietary intervention prior to bariatric surgery?
time frame: 7 days following surgery
Change in body composition between control group and patients with diet
time frame: At one moth after the diet and 3 months following surgery
Male or female participants from 18 years up to 70 years old.
- Patients who have given written informed consent
- Patients who are able to understand and comply with protocol requirements
- Patients 18-70 years old
- Patients scheduled for Laparoscopic Roux En Y Gastric Bypass
- Patients with BMI > 40 and < 60
- Unable or unwilling to give an informed written consent
- Cognitive impairment or mental retardation
- Patient who do not understand or follow protocol requirements
- Severe hepatic impairment or portal hypertension
- Pregnancy and lactation
- Pre-existing chronic inflammatory disease
- Overt psychosis
- Advanced renal disease
- Acute cerebrovascular or cardiovascular disease
- Patients with alcohol or drug addiction
- Patients taking medication known to impact wound healing (eg glucocorticosteroids, chemotherapy, immunosuppressant)
- Patients who lose less than 5% of body weight after 4 weeks of the diet
|Official title||Randomised Controlled Trial to Study the Effects of Preoperative Very Low Calorie Diet on Wound Healing in Morbidly Obese Patients Undergoing Bariatric Surgery|
|Principal investigator||Ameet G Patel, MS FRCS|
|Description||Study Design: Prospective single blinded randomised controlled study Null hypothesis: There is no difference in wound healing between patients on a very low calorie diet and those not on a diet prior to a Laparoscopic Roux en Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) Participants: All patients referred to King's College Hospital for weight loss surgery who are morbidly obese (BMI>40) who undergo LRYGB will be eligible. All patients undergo an introductory group education session after which they are counselled one to one where the patient and the clinician decide on the most appropriate bariatric procedure. Only those who will undergo a laparoscopic roux en y gastric bypass will be offered the opportunity to participate in the study by a member of the research team. The study is open to all irrespective of age, sex, ethnicity and religion. Written information will be given in the appropriate language. Interventions: Diet: Patients who meet the eligibility criteria will be placed in 2 broad groups based on whether they smoke or not. In each group, patients will be randomly chosen in two subgroups: Group I:taking the pre operative diet Group II:no special diet. A preoperative, low energy diet will be used for 4 weeks. The diet contains 3 pints of semiskimmed milk. This is equivalent to 1704 ml and provides a total intake of 800kcal, 82 g carbohydrate, 61 g protein and 30g fat in a day. Each patient will also take multivitamin and mineral supplementation. This will further be supplemented with a minimum of 2 litres of energy free liquids (water, diet fizzy drinks, mineral water, black tea / coffee or squash (no added sugar)) per day. The longterm safety and success of VLCD has been demonstrated.It does cause shrinkage of the liver and can decrease the patients weight prior to surgery. Data collection: Patient characteristics and medical history will be taken Pre diet, post diet and prior to surgery: 1. Anthropometric measurements: Height, Weight, BMI, Hip:Waist ratio 2. Routine prediet blood tests and for routine preoperative evaluation: This includes full blood count,Lipid profile,Renal profile,Bone profile,Liver Function Tests 3. Serum CK 18 (M30 and M65) levels before and after the diet, which is a marker of liver apoptosis. 4. Imaging: 1. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) scan - body composition (prediet,post diet and at 3 months) 2. Ultrasound before and after the diet: The length and breadth of the liver will be measured, which will allow an estimate of the cross-section of the liver at a well defined constant point on each patient 5. Two punch biopsies (4mm) from the abdominal wall where the patient is likely to have a laparoscopic port, before start of the diet Per operatively: - Elliptical excision of skin of the operating ports during the operation - Operative difficulty score assessed by blinded surgeon and independent observer Post operatively: Follow up: Patient will be followed at 1 week, 8 weeks, 3 months and then will continue to be followed according to our usual bariatric protocol. Wound Healing Assessment: 1. Examine all wounds and define presence of wound infection 2. Two 4 mm punch biopsies of one of the healing wounds will be taken under local anaesthesia, at 7 days and 90 days postoperatively|
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