Candesartan as a Treatment for Cocaine Dependence
This trial is active, not recruiting.
|Sponsor||Baylor College of Medicine|
|Collaborator||National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)|
|Start date||January 2013|
|End date||January 2016|
|Trial size||41 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT01938664, 5P50DA018197-09, H-32241|
The purpose of this study is to see if a drug called Candesartan will help to reduce use of cocaine.
|Endpoint classification||safety/efficacy study|
|Intervention model||single group assignment|
|Masking||double blind (subject, caregiver)|
Urine toxicology for cocaine
time frame: thrice weekly, baseline thru week 8
time frame: 8 weeks
time frame: 8 weeks
Male or female participants from 18 years up to 64 years old.
Inclusion Criteria: To be eligible for study entry, all subjects must satisfy the following criteria: 1. Age 18 to 64 years inclusive; 2. Females either must be of non-child bearing potential (i.e., surgically sterilized or postmenopausal) or must be using adequate contraception, have a negative pregnancy test, and must agree to continue to use such precautions for the duration of the study. 3. Meets Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Fourth Edition (DSM-IV-TR) criteria for a principal diagnosis of cocaine dependence as confirmed by the MINI and/or as per PI/study investigator's examination of the patient during screening. (Per DSM-IV-TR, principal diagnosis is the condition that is the primary target of treatment at the time of presentation); 4. Motivated to discontinue or reduce cocaine use during the period of the study, as evidenced both by the judgment of the Investigator or designee and by the subject's compliance level with the requirement for attendance at clinic visits such that the urine sample requirements for inclusion criteria #6 is fully met; 5. Has a positive pattern of cocaine usage as determined by provision of at least one cocaine positive urine sample (benzoylecgonine (BE) level at least 300 ng/ml) during the screening period; typically conducted over a 7-14 day period. 6. In good general health as determined by self-reported and/or computer-based medical history, general clinical examination, and laboratory tests; 7. Has provided written informed consent. 8. Are cooperative, willing and able to participate and adhere to the protocol requirements Exclusion Criteria: Subjects will be excluded from the study if one or more of the following statements are applicable: 1. Subject is taking angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors such as benazepril (Lotensin, in Lotrel), captopril (Capoten, in Capozide), enalapril (Vasotec, in Lexxel, in Vaseretic), fosinopril (Monopril), lisinopril (Prinivil, Zestril, in Prinzide, in Zestoretic), moexipril (Univasc, in Uniretic), perindopril, (Aceon), quinapril (Accupril, in Accuretic, in Quinaretic), ramipril (Altace), and trandolapril (Mavik, in Tarka); lithium (Eskalith Controlled-Release, Eskalith, Lithobid); 2. Subject is on psychotropic medications, an MAOI, or an opiate antagonist; 3. Subject is currently taking a dopaminergic, dopamine-blocking, dopamine-modulating, or other central dopamine-altering drug (e.g., antipsychotic drugs); a monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI); or an opiate antagonist; 4. Subject has an unstable medical, neurologic, or psychiatric illness that would interfere with the subject's safety, ability to participate in the study, or the interpretability of data. Subjects who meet the DSM-IV-R criteria for psychosis, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder or clinically significant suicidal ideation as assessed by the PI/study investigator and/or the MINI will be excluded. Subjects who have been taking stable doses of antidepressants for at least 3 months at the time the consent is signed will be allowed onto the study unless those antidepressants are of the types specified under exclusion criteria #3,above; 5. Subject is dependent on benzodiazepines, barbiturates, amphetamines, opiates (including methadone or buprenorphine maintenance treatment) according to the DSM-IV-R and as assessed by the PI/study investigator and/or the MINI; 6 6. Subject is, in the investigator's opinion, at risk of requiring medical detoxification for alcohol dependence during the study; 7. Subject has participated in another clinical trial or received any other investigational compound within 7 days prior to being randomized into this study; 8. Significant medical conditions (e.g., major cardiovascular, renal, endocrine, hepatic disorders, immunosuppressive disorders) such as abnormal liver function (with laboratory findings of serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) or serum glutamic-pyruvic transaminase (SGPT) greater than three times normal), hypotension, hypertension, a current cardiac condition, and those having a high risk of cardiovascular disease, seizure disorder, or another significant underlying medical condition which would contraindicate Candesartan treatment; 9. Upon review of a compilation of screening data, at the discretion of the PI/study investigator, a participant may be excluded from the study if they test positive during the screening process for any substance other than cocaine or marijuana; 10. Female subjects with a positive pregnancy test, lactating mothers, women refusing to agree to pregnancy tests during the study, women who are planning to become pregnant during the period of the trial or women of child-bearing potential who refuse to agree to use adequate contraception during the study. Acceptable contraceptive methods are oral or parenteral hormonal contraceptives, intrauterine device (IUD), or barrier and spermicide, but not abstinence; OR Male subjects refusing to agree to use adequate contraception during the study, or males who are part of a couple planning to become pregnant during the period of the trial; 11. Any other factor that per the Investigator/designee would make the subject unsafe or unsuitable for the study.
|Official title||Pilot Study of Candesartan: An Angiotensin Receptor Blocker as a Treatment for Cocaine Dependence|
|Description||The noradrenergic system may play an important role in cocaine addiction in humans. Angiotensin II (Ang II) is known to enhance noradrenergic activity, which contributes to effects on blood pressure and sympathetic nervous system responses to stress. Inhibition of Ang II has been shown to reduce cravings for stimulants, including cocaine and methamphetamine. This clinical trial among 75 cocaine-dependent subjects is designed to test the efficacy of the Angiotensin II receptor antagonist, Candesartan, for treatment of cocaine dependence. The results of this study will provide medical safety and efficacy data, and will guide future pharmacotherapy trials using this class of medications for cocaine addiction. This 8-week trial includes a 1-week titration of the medication and 7-weeks of full dose medication (weeks 2-8), with all subjects receiving the active agent. At the conclusion of the trial, subjects who wish to be referred to an appropriate treatment program or treatment research program will be assisted with a referral.|
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