This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition childhood obesity
Treatment the food friends
Sponsor Colorado State University
Collaborator USDA Beltsville Human Nutrition Research Center
Start date September 2010
End date July 2017
Trial size 230 participants
Trial identifier NCT01937481, USDA NIFA 2010-85215-20648


The Colorado Longitudinal Eating And Physical activity (LEAP) Study utilizes a social ecological approach to explore individual, family and environmental factors and their relationship to child weight status over a 3 year timeframe. Our primary research questions are as follows:

1. Are behavior changes (increased willingness to try new foods and gross motor skills) from a preschool nutrition and activity program, The Food Friends®, sustained through early elementary school?

2. Do The Food Friends® programs have an impact on reducing the percentage of children considered overweight and/or obese over a 3 year timeframe?

3. Do food preference and gross motor performance directly affect child weight status or are they mediators to dietary intake and physical activity?

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation non-randomized
Intervention model parallel assignment
Primary purpose prevention
Masking no masking
The Food Friends programs
the food friends
The Food Friends is a research-based preschool program designed to address childhood obesity by establishing healthful eating and physical activity behaviors in preschool-aged children. The Food Friends: Fun With New Foods (12 weeks) focuses on helping children increasing children's willingness to try new foods and The Food Friends: Get Movin' With Mighty Moves (18 weeks) aims to enhance preschoolers' gross motor skill development. In effort to sustain the preschool behavior changes, the messages from The Food Friends® (Super Taster and Mighty Mover) will be extended into early elementary school through a 'booster' program. The booster program will consist of a kindergarten and 1st grade curriculum with 5 monthly units.
(No Intervention)
Control group

Primary Outcomes

Change in Weight Status
time frame: baseline and 2 year follow-up

Secondary Outcomes

Change in Tasting Preference
time frame: baseline and 2 year follow-up
Change in Dietary Intake
time frame: baseline and 2 year follow-up
Change in Gross Motor Skills
time frame: baseline and 2 year follow-up
Change in Physical Activity
time frame: baseline and 2 year follow-up

Eligibility Criteria

All participants from 4 years up to 7 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Children enrolled in participating schools; entering kindergarten the year after recruitment Exclusion Criteria: - Children not entering kindergarten within one year of recruitment.

Additional Information

Official title A Longitudinal Study to Assess if the Effectiveness of a Preschool Nutrition and Physical Activity Program is Sustained in Elementary School
Principal investigator Laura L Bellows
Description The preschool years are a critical time to begin obesity prevention efforts as they represent a time when young children establish healthy eating habits and physical activity patterns. These habits can place children at risk for obesity and are shaped by many characteristics, including individual characteristics as well as school, family and societal environmental characteristics. Predictive behaviors, or behavioral antecedents, within these environments can influence child behaviors. While many predictive behaviors have been shown to influence dietary intake, physical activity, and weight status, two potential behavioral antecedents - food preference and motor performance - need further exploration. Understanding the context in which child behavioral patterns are developed is critical to developing a model to address childhood obesity. The Colorado LEAP project is a longitudinal cohort study utilizing a controlled quasi-experimental design in 5 rural Colorado communities. Two communities serve as intervention communities with the other 3 as matched controls. Intervention sites receive The Food Friends® nutrition and physical activity programs in preschool and 'booster' programming in kindergarten and 1st grade. Assessments are administered 4 times - twice in preschool (Fall and Spring) and once in both kindergarten and 1st grade (Spring). Observational measures with children are conducted at the school; parent/home measures are sent home and returned to school via the child; and school personnel complete school environment and policy assessments.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in February 2017.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Colorado State University.