Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition proliferative diabetic retinopathy
Sponsor Oregon Health and Science University
Collaborator Oregon Clinical & Translational Research Institute
Start date August 2013
End date June 2015
Trial size 28 participants
Trial identifier NCT01928550, 8UL1TR000128-07, IRB00009572

Summary

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of investigational Doppler Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) and OCT angiography in the management of proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR - a leading cause of blindness in diabetic patients) before and after treatment. Angiography is the mapping of the blood vessels, and Doppler detects blood flow. PDR is due to poor oxygen circulation in smaller blood vessels in the back of the eye (retina), and is observed in 80% of people who have had diabetes for more than 10 years. This study will look at how blood flow to the eye is affected before and after treatment.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Observational model case-only
Time perspective prospective
Arm
Patients suspected to have Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy or PDR

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Total retinal blood flow & visual acuity
time frame: 1 year

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Macular ischemic areas and microaneurysms, as identified by FA vs. OCT
time frame: 1 year

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: a. Diagnosis of diabetes mellitus (type 1 or type 2). Exclusion Criteria: 1. Inability to give informed consent. 2. Inability to maintain stable fixation for OCT imaging. 3. Significant renal disease, defined as a history of chronic renal failure requiring dialysis or kidney transplant. 4. A condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, would preclude participation in the study (e.g., unstable medical status including blood pressure, cardiovascular disease, and glycemic control). 5. Blood pressure > 180/110 (systolic above 180 OR diastolic above 110). If blood pressure is brought below 180/110 by anti-hypertensive treatment, subject can become eligible. 6. Systemic anti-VEGF or pro-VEGF treatment within 4 months prior to treatment 7. Women who are pregnant or lactating or intending to become pregnant within the next 12 months due to unknown safety of fluorescein angiography 8. Subject is expecting to move out of the area of the clinical center to an area and not willing to return for follow-up visits during the 6 months of the study.

Additional Information

Official title Pilot Study OCT of Retinal Blood Flow in Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy Before and After Panretinal Photocoagulation
Description Diabetic retinopathy (DR) refers to changes in the blood vessels of the retina associated with long-term diabetes mellitus. These changes can be found in patients both with Type I and II diabetes. DR is a leading cause of blindness in the United States. It is categorized as either non-proliferative (NPDR) or proliferative (PDR). In the PDR progress, the lack of oxygen in the retina causes fragile, new blood vessels to grow along the retina and in the clear, gel-like vitreous humour. Without timely treatment, the new vessels can bleed, cloud vision, and destroy the retina. So, the PDR is classified as either the existence of retinal neovascularization or vitreous or pre-retinal hemorrhage. PDR is typically treated with a laser, known as panretinal photocoagulation (PRP), which will create 1,600-2,000 burns in the retina to reduce the retinal oxygen demand, and then reduce the possibility of ischemia, or with an injection of an anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) drug into the vitreous, which always needs multiple injections. In cases of severe bleeding, a vitrectomy may be performed under local anesthesia. However, an eye patch and medicated eye drops are always needed after the operation to protect against infection and the outcomes are not always as good as expected. PDR is currently diagnosed by a comprehensive eye exam including a visual acuity test, ophthalmoscopy or fundus photography, fluorescein angiography (FA) and optical coherence tomography (OCT). If the PDR is thought to require treatment, the subsequent assessment of disease severity and treatment planning utilizes FA. FA requires the injection of sodium fluorescein into the systemic circulation. However, 1 in 3 people have adverse reactions to sodium fluorescein, which can include nausea, vomiting, hives, and acute hypotension. Severe reactions such as anaphylaxis and related anaphylactoid reactions, causing cardiac arrest and sudden death due to anaphylactic shock, have also been reported. Finally, because the risks of sodium fluorescein to a developing fetus are unknown, its use in pregnant women is contraindicated. Replacing FA with a less invasive and better tolerated method would reduce the risk in the patient population. One option is OCT angiography. Optical coherence tomography is an imaging technology that can perform non-contact cross-sectional imaging of tissue structure in real time. It has a number of features that make it attractive as a diagnostic imaging modality: 1) It has micron-level resolution, which is not possible with any other non-contact technique; 2) No potentially allergenic dyes or contrast agents are required; 3) OCT images are generated in electronic form, which facilitates the use of digital image processing techniques to extract quantitative parameters regarding the imaged tissue anatomy. For these reasons, structural OCT is already routinely used to assess the early stage of DR (NPDR) by imaging the areas of macular edema and response to treatment. Novel functional OCT including Doppler OCT and OCT angiography may allow an assessment of retinal blood flow and alleviate the need for the more invasive FA test. Thus, if the diagnostic data provided by functional OCT are at least equivalent or superior to those achieved by FA, patients and healthcare providers could realize a substantial benefit in utilizing this technology in the management of PDR and the evaluation of PRP. Therefore, we propose a pilot study to evaluate the feasibility of Doppler OCT to measure total retinal blood flow to assess global retinal ischemia after PRP treatment and OCT angiography of the retina to assess proliferative changes in the management of PDR subjects in comparison to standard FA. Functional OCT data (Doppler OCT and OCT angiography) are acquired using the Swept Source-OCT (SS-OCT) with a depth resolution of 5 microns and an ultrafast scan rate of 100 kHz which allows us to obtain detailed 3D OCT images. OCT angiography performs noninvasive microcirculation measurement and visualization which are not options on commercially available OCT systems. Though not FDA-approved, the SS-OCT prototype satisfies the American national standards for laser safety (ANSI) safety requirement. The power level is low enough to be classified as a non-significant risk device.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in April 2015.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Oregon Health and Science University.