This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions colorectal cancer, metastases
Treatments capecitabine, teysuno, bevacizumab
Phase phase 3
Target VEGF
Sponsor Dutch Colorectal Cancer Group
Collaborator Nordic Pharma SAS
Start date December 2013
End date December 2015
Trial size 161 participants
Trial identifier NCT01918852, SALTO


The study is a two-arm randomised phase III trial. Patients will be randomised to receive capecitabine (arm A) or S-1 (arm B). Bevacizumab may be added according to the choice of the investigator. Patients will be followed 3-weekly at the outpatient clinic, toxicity will be assessed according to study protocol guidelines. Patients will be evaluated every 3 cycles for response. Upon disease progression patients will be treated according to the local investigators

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Intervention model parallel assignment
Primary purpose treatment
Masking no masking
(Active Comparator)
Capecitabine 1250 mg/m2 for patients < 70 years of age, and 1000 mg/m2 for patients ≥ 70 years of age, orally b.i.d. day 1-14 with or without bevacizumab 7.5 mg/kg i.v. day 1.
capecitabine Xeloda
bevacizumab Avastin
S-1 30 mg/m2 orally b.i.d. irrespective of age, day 1-14 with or without bevacizumab 7.5 mg/kg i.v. day 1.
teysuno S1
bevacizumab Avastin

Primary Outcomes

Incidence of HFS in first line treatment
time frame: HFS will be assessed every 3 weeks up to 6 months average.

Secondary Outcomes

Grade 3 HFS
time frame: HFS will be assessed every 3 weeks, up to 6 months average
Progression-free survival
time frame: Every 9 weeks, for 6 months (average)
Overall toxicity
time frame: Every 3 weeks, for 6 months (average)
Overall survival
time frame: 2 years
Response rate
time frame: Response will be assessed every 9 weeks, up to 6 months average.

Eligibility Criteria

All participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Histological proof of colorectal cancer. - Distant metastases (patients with only local recurrence are not eligible). - Unidimensionally measurable disease (≥1 cm on spiral CT scan or ≥2 cm on chest X-ray; liver ultrasound is not allowed). Serum CEA may not be used as a parameter for disease evaluation. - In case of previous radiotherapy, at least one measurable lesion should be located outside the irradiated field. - Age ≥ 18 years - Planned treatment with fluoropyrimidine monotherapy with or without bevacizumab. - WHO performance status 0-2 (Karnofsky PS ≥70%) - Adequate bone marrow function (Hb ≥ 6.0 mmol/L, absolute neutrophil count ≥1.5 x 109/L, platelets ≥ 100 x 109/L), renal function (serum creatinine ≤ 1.5x ULN and creatinine clearance, Cockroft formula, ≥30 ml/min), liver function (serum bilirubin ≤ 2 x ULN, serum transaminases ≤ 3 x ULN without presence of liver metastases or ≤ 5x ULN with presence of liver metastases). - Life expectancy > 12 weeks. - Negative pregnancy test in women with childbearing potential. - Expected adequacy of follow-up. - Institutional Review Board approval. - Written informed consent. Exclusion Criteria: - Prior adjuvant treatment for stage II/III colorectal cancer completed within 6 months prior to randomisation. - Any prior adjuvant treatment after resection of distant metastases. - Any previous systemic treatment for metastatic disease. - History or clinical signs/symptoms of CNS metastases. - History of a second malignancy <5 years with the exception of adequately treated carcinoma of cervix or basal/squamous cell carcinoma of skin. - Previous intolerance of capecitabine. - Known dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) deficiency or treatment within 4 weeks with DPD inhibitors, including sorivudine or its chemically related analogues such as brivudine. - Planned radical resection of metastases after downsizing by systemic treatment. - Significant cardiovascular disease < 1 yr before randomisation (symptomatic congestive heart failure, myocardial ischemia or infarction, unstable angina pectoris, serious uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia, arterial thrombosis, cerebrovascular event, pulmonary embolism). - Any significant cardiovascular events during previous fluoropyrimidine therapy.

Additional Information

Official title S1 Versus Capecitabine in the First Line Treatment of Metastatic Colorectal Cancer Patients, the SALTO Randomised Phase III Study of the Dutch Colorectal Cancer Group. A Safety Evaluation of Oral Fluoropyrimidines
Principal investigator Cornelis JA Punt, Prof MD PhD
Description Capecitabine, an oral fluoropyrimidine, has shown a comparable efficacy but a better tolerability compared to bolus 5-FU/LV. However, capecitabine has a higher incidence of hand-foot syndrome (HFS). HFS is characterized by erythema, dysesthesia and/or paresthesia of the palms of the hands or soles of feet. In advanced stage, desquamation, ulceration and blistering can occur. Although HFS is not life threatening, it can cause significant discomfort and impairment of function, especially in elderly patients. This adverse event is becoming particularly relevant since many patients may require the administration of capecitabine over prolonged periods of time. S-1 (Teysuno®) is an oral fluoropyrimidine that has shown comparable efficacy to 5FU and capecitabine in gastrointestinal cancers but is associated with a much lower incidence of HFS. Studies on S-1 have mainly been performed in Asian patients,which population has known differences in tumour biology and toxicity compared to Western population. S-1 has shown comparable efficacy to other fluoropyrimidines as monotherapy or in combination chemotherapy schedules in several gastrointestinal tumors. However, given the lack of data from prospective studies on S-1 as monochemotherapy in metastatic colorectal cancer in Western patients, this study is designed to compare S-1 and capecitabine monotherapy in terms of safety, with particular interest in HFS, in metastatic colorectal cancer patients.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in January 2017.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Dutch Colorectal Cancer Group.