Monitoring Radiobiological Effects in Thoracic Malignancy by Using Myocardial Perfusion Scan
This trial is active, not recruiting.
|Conditions||thoracic neoplasms, late effect of radiation|
|Treatment||thallium-201 myocardial perfusion study|
|Sponsor||Far Eastern Memorial Hospital|
|Start date||July 2013|
|End date||July 2014|
|Trial size||100 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT01913769, FEMH-IRB-102032-F|
Chemoradiation is an important treatment strategy of locally advanced inoperable or unresectable disease. Radiation dose is an independent predictor of a pathological response. In addition, chemotherapy has further impact on the aspect of outcome. Improvements in local treatment delivery are needed to facilitate dose escalation and to minimize toxicity. There have been sequential improvements in tumor localization, radiation planning and delivery over the years. Helical tomotherapy nowadays provides the most precise data on radiotherapy (RT) dose delivered to thoracic malignancies, and allows greater sparing of the heart from doses associated with increased complications. However, heart disease shows a wide spectrum of pathologies, and multiple risk factors related. The damage of the myocytes may lead to not only myocardial perfusion defects, but also in functional deterioration, or even in biomarkers.
Since the impact of radiation-induced heart injury in patients with thoracic malignancies (including esophageal cancer, lung cancer, et al) is poorly documented, we try to delineate of RT-related cardiac effects and clinical impacts.
This study aims to investigate the correlation of post-tomotherapy cardiovascular effects with myocardial perfusion and cardiac functional studies.
The study plans to enroll thoracic cancer patients who will undergo local RT after complete staging. Patients will receive global risk scoring assessment (Framingham Risk Score, FRS), blood sampling for basic biochemistry, inflammatory biomarker, and myocardial perfusion image (MPI) at the time points of before and after RT. The results of MPI will be analyzed in qualitative visual interpretation of perfusion patterns, and functional quantitative data for cardiac functional parameters as well. The patients will be regular followed-up in CV OPD, following clinical judgement and guideline. The association between baseline and follow-up MPI, biomarker and clinical presentation will be further investigated.
We will obtain myocardial perfusion visual qualitative data in patients who received locoregional RT, respectively. These results will help in the understanding of pathophysiology, clinical management and follow-up of suspected RT-related heart disease.
|Observational model||case control|
To investigate the correlation of post-RT cardiovascular effects with myocardial Tl-201 myocardial perfusion images
time frame: July, 2014 (after 12 months of baseline study).
Male or female participants from 20 years up to 80 years old.
- Patients with thoracic malignancy who scheduled further locoregional RT.
- Aged 20-80 years old.
- Classified as intermediate to high future CV risk clinically.
- Pre-existing cardiac disease, such as prior myocardial infarction, documented CAD, congestive heart failure.
- Any medical contraindication of stress cardiac SPECT.
|Official title||Monitoring Radiobiological Effects in Thoracic Malignancy by Using Myocardial Perfusion Scan: Correlation Between Radiotherapy Dose Distribution, Myocardial Perfusion, Cardiac Function, Serum Biomarkers and Clinical Prognosis.|
|Principal investigator||Shan-Ying Wang, M.D.|
|Description||The risk of RT-related heart disease is now well recognized but the underlying mechanisms of its initiation and progression, and the roles played by microvascular damage, fibrosis and atherosclerosis remain unclear. Studying RT-related heart disease have demonstrated that irradiation affects cardiac structure and microvascular function in a dose and time-dependent manner, with substantial damage after intermediate and high dose irradiation, and minor alterations after lower doses. Not only structural changes but also functional deterioration was noted. Studies disclosing that incidence of post 3D-RT perfusion defect is in approximately 40%, and the patients had volume-dependent perfusion defects within 2 years of RT. To better evaluation of the RT-related heart disease, we plan to initiate a prospective study trail that takes advantage of recent technical advances in tomotherapy, and new Cadimium-Zinc-Telluride (CZT) cardiac camera. - Estimated Case Number: 100 patients will be enrolled in the study. 1. Patients with thoracic cancer will be transferred to CV OPD for initial cardiovascular risk factors assessment, before starting radiation therapy. 2. Past history, family history, basic lab data and Framingham cardiovascular risk assessment will be applied. After approaching risk stratification, patients who were classified as intermediated to high risk need further work-up. Who needs to undergo myocardial perfusion study will be enrolled in the study before further RT course. 3. All enrolled subjects provide basic demographic data and sign informed consents. 4. Myocardial perfusion images with Tl-201 and CZT camera will be performed in nuclear medicine department of FEMH, completing baseline evaluation before RT. 5. The patients received scheduled treatment plan, including RT. 6. Follow-up CV OPD based on clinical decision and guideline: blood biochemistry and inflammation marker, CV risk scores. Further work-up would be indicated if functional status deterioration or aggravated symptoms. 7. Post-therapeutic myocardial perfusion study 12 months after first CV OPD visit. 8. Comparing the clinical follow-up data between groups, including global functional assessments, blood sampling data, myocardial perfusion scan, and quantitative cardiac functional parameters. Blood sampling Peripheral blood will be drawn for measurements of blood glucose, lipid profile, and circulating biomarker of CRP. The genomic tests will not be involved in the study. Myocardial perfusion study-for quantitative functional parameters, qualitative and quantitative myocardial perfusion scan. Patients referred for SPECT MPI for evaluation of CAD underwent a 1-day Tl-201 stress/rest MPI protocol, as daily practice in FEMH. Pharmacological stress was induced by standard dipyridomale infusion. Tl-201 of 2 mCi was injected after 7 min of induced stress. The software package Myovation for Alcyone (GE Healthcare), QGS and QPS were used for quantitative analysis off MPI polar maps using a 17-segment model for the left ventricle. Automated analysis of gated acquisitions from high-dose (rest) scans was performed to determine left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). Integrated clinical information, follow-up and nuclear medicine cardiac scans performed in the time points of before & after RT will be collected and analyzed.|
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