This trial has been completed.

Conditions treatment resistant depression, depressive disorder, treatment-resistant, depression, bipolar
Treatment scc dbs
Sponsor Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center
Start date July 2013
End date December 2016
Trial size 5 participants
Trial identifier NCT01898429, 23293, D12051


In this pilot study, we propose to test whether high frequency stimulation of the subcallosal cingulate (SCC) is a safe and efficacious antidepressant treatment in five TRD patients, to compare the effects of left-sided vs. right-sided stimulation, and to investigate potential mechanisms of action of this intervention. Importantly, this study will be used to assess the need for and assist in planning a larger, more definitive trial of SCC DBS for TRD.

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Intervention model crossover assignment
Primary purpose treatment
Masking double blind (subject, caregiver, investigator, outcomes assessor)
(Active Comparator)
Active Stimulation of the left-sided electrode
scc dbs Libra(TM) Implantable Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) System
Deep Brain Stimulator
(Active Comparator)
Active stimulation of the right-sided electrode
scc dbs Libra(TM) Implantable Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) System
Deep Brain Stimulator

Primary Outcomes

Percent change in the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS-17) from Baseline to Week 24
time frame: At 6 months of active stimulation

Eligibility Criteria

All participants from 22 years up to 70 years old.

A partial list of eligibility criteria includes: - Age 18-70 years old - Ability to provide written informed consent - Current Major Depressive Episode (MDE), secondary to either Major Depressive Disorder or Bipolar Disorder (I, II or NOS) - A current depressive episode of at least 12 months duration - For patients with a bipolar disorder, the last hypomanic or manic episode must have been at least 2 years before study entry - A maximum Global Assessment of Functioning of 50 - Able to tolerate general anesthesia, DBS surgery and MRI scans - No significant cerebrovascular risk factors or a previous stroke, documented major head trauma or neurodegenerative disorder - No currently active clinically significant Axis I psychiatric diagnosis or a personality disorder likely to interfere with the study - No evidence of global cognitive impairment - Lives locally or willing to relocate to the area for up to One Year

Additional Information

Official title Deep Brain Stimulation for Treatment-Resistant Depression
Principal investigator Paul E Holtzheimer, MD
Description The U.S. lifetime prevalence of major depressive disorder (MDD) is 17%. A number of treatments are available for depression including medications, psychotherapy and various somatic treatments. Unfortunately, up to two-thirds of patients remain symptomatic following first-line treatment and a third fail to achieve remission (defined as full resolution of depressive symptoms) after four established treatments; approximately 10%-20% of depressed patients may show virtually no improvement despite multiple, often aggressive treatments. Thus, a conservative estimate places the U.S. prevalence of treatment-resistant depression (TRD) at 1%-3%. TRD has a high risk of suicide, is a major cause of disability and is responsible for doubling of overall health care costs. For patients with TRD there are limited evidence-based treatment options. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) may have efficacy for patients that have failed no more than one antidepressant medication 10-12, but response and remission rates are relatively low (under 30% and 20% respectively). Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) may have efficacy in patients that have failed 4-6 antidepressant treatments but long-term response and remission rates are again low (about 20% and 10% respectively). Electroconvulsive therapy(ECT) can be effective in TRD patients with remission rates of 50%-60%. However, more than 70% of TRD patients will relapse within 6 months following a successful acute treatment course. For patients that have failed ECT, there are no evidence-based treatment options. Therefore, there is great need for novel treatment approaches for TRD. Prior clinical trials have shown that SCC DBS has the potential to be a valuable treatment option for patients with TRD. Further developing this treatment will involve confirming its effectiveness and identifying ways to optimize its use. In this study we intend to test the safety and efficacy of chronic SCC DBS as a treatment for TRD and compare the safety and efficacy of left-sided versus right-sided stimulation using a double-blind, randomized, cross-over design.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in January 2017.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center.