Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions hyperopia, hyperopic astigmatism
Treatments riboflavin ophthalmic solution, 0% dextran, uva irradiation (30 mw/cm2 for 2 minutes continuous uva), uva irradiation (30 mw/cm2 for 3 minutes pulsed uva with an on/off cycle of 2 seconds uva on/1 second uva off), laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis
Phase phase 1/phase 2
Sponsor Avedro, Inc.
Start date August 2013
End date February 2015
Trial size 110 participants
Trial identifier NCT01893359, KXL-004

Summary

The objectives of this study are to evaluate the safety and efficacy, with regards to regression of refractive outcome, as measured by manifest refraction spherical equivalent (MRSE), of two treatment regimens for hyperopic and hyperopic astigmatic subjects: LASIK followed by cross-linking performed with the KXL System and Photrexa ZD™ (Riboflavin Ophthalmic Solution), as compared to LASIK alone.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification safety/efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking single blind (outcomes assessor)
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Experimental)
Following LASIK, the corneal bed will be thoroughly coated with five drops of riboflavin ophthalmic solution, rinsed with saline solution, and the corneal flap repositioned. The eye will then be irradiated at 30 mW/cm2 for 2 minutes continuous UVA.
riboflavin ophthalmic solution, 0% dextran Photrexa ZD
uva irradiation (30 mw/cm2 for 2 minutes continuous uva) KXL System
laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis LASIK
(Experimental)
Following LASIK, the corneal bed will be thoroughly coated with five drops of riboflavin ophthalmic solution, rinsed with saline solution, and the corneal flap repositioned. The eye will then be irradiated at 30 mW/cm2 for 3 minutes pulsed UVA with an on/off cycle of 2 seconds UVA on/1 second UVA off.
riboflavin ophthalmic solution, 0% dextran Photrexa ZD
uva irradiation (30 mw/cm2 for 3 minutes pulsed uva with an on/off cycle of 2 seconds uva on/1 second uva off) KXL System
laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis LASIK
(Placebo Comparator)
Eyes assigned to this arm will receive standard LASIK with no cross-linking.
laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis LASIK

Primary Outcomes

Measure
MRSE Regression
time frame: one week to six months
MRSE Regression
time frame: one week to twelve months

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - 1. Be at least 18 years of age, male or female, of any race; - 2. Provide written informed consent and sign a HIPAA form; - 3. Willingness and ability to follow all instructions and comply with the schedule for study visits; - 4. Undergoing bilateral LASIK for the correction of hyperopia or hyperopic astigmatism; - 5. Intended treatment > +2.0 diopters (D) to < +6.0 D of MRSE hyperopia or hyperopia with astigmatism, with up to +6.0 D of spherical component and up to 5.0 D of astigmatic component (all refractions measured at the spectacle plane); - 6. Bilateral physiologic hyperopia; - 7. For females capable of becoming pregnant, agree to have urine pregnancy testing performed at visit 2 prior to treatment; must not be lactating, and must agree to use a medically acceptable form of birth control for at least one week prior to the visit 2 and continue to use the method for one month following the treatment. Acceptable forms for birth control are spermicide with barrier, oral contraceptive, injectable or implantable method of contraception, transdermal contraceptive, intrauterine device, or surgical sterilization of partner. For non-sexually active females, abstinence will be considered an acceptable form of birth control. Women considered capable of becoming pregnant include all females who have experienced menarche and have not experienced menopause (as defined by amenorrhea for greater than 12 consecutive months) or have not undergone successful surgical sterilization (e.g. hysterectomy, bilateral tubal ligation, or bilateral oophorectomy); - 8. Best spectacle corrected visual acuity (BSCVA) of 70 letters or more on ETDRS chart; - 9. Difficulty maintaining uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA) of at least 70 letters on ETDRS chart as evidenced by need for constant contact lens or spectacle wear; - 10. Less than 0.75 D spherical equivalent difference between cycloplegic and manifest refractions; - 11. Stable refraction (a difference of 0.50 D or less in MRSE) for the last 12 months, objectively documented (by previous clinical records, prescriptions, etc.), exclusive of changes determined by the investigator to be due to unmasking latent hyperopia; - 12. Normal corneal topography, as judged by the investigator; - 13. Removal of contact lenses for the required period of time prior to the screening refraction: 1. Soft - 3 Days 2. Soft Toric - 2 Weeks 3. Rigid gas permeable - 2 Weeks - 14. Contact Lens Wearers Only: Must demonstrate a stable refraction (a difference of 0.50 D or less) as determined by MRSE on two consecutive exam dates performed at least 7 days apart. A contact lens wearer is defined as someone who has worn contact lenses in either eye in the last 30 days. Exclusion Criteria: - 1. Contraindications, sensitivity or known allergy to the use of the test article(s) or their components; - 2. If female, be pregnant, nursing or planning a pregnancy or have a positive urine pregnancy test at Visit 2 prior to treatment or during the course of the study; - 3. Eyes which are aphakic; - 4. Eyes which are pseudophakic and do not have a UV blocking lens implanted; - 5. Acute or chronic disease or illness that would increase the operative risk or confound the outcomes of the study (e.g., dry eyes, immuno- compromised, connective tissue disease, clinically significant atopic disease, diabetes, etc.); - 6. Systemic medications that may confound the outcome of the study or increase the risk to the subject, including but not limited to steroids, antimetabolites, etc.; - 7. Ocular condition that may predispose the subject to future complications, for example: 1. History or evidence of active or inactive corneal disease (e.g., herpes simplex keratitis, herpes zoster keratitis, recurrent corneal erosion syndrome, corneal dystrophy, etc.); 2. Evidence of retinal vascular disease; 3. Keratoconus or keratoconus suspect; 4. Glaucoma or glaucoma suspect by exam findings and/or family history; - 8. Previous intraocular or corneal surgery including prior refractive surgery that might confound the outcome of the study or increase the risk to the subject; - 9. An increased risk for developing strabismus post-treatment; - 10. Subjects with nystagmus or any other condition that would prevent a steady gaze during treatment or other diagnostic tests; - 11. Taking supplements containing Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) within 1 week of the cross-linking treatment; - 12. Corneal thickness <470 microns as measured by Pentacam; - 13. The Investigator may exclude or discontinue any subject for any sound medical reason; - 14. The subject should not have participated in any investigational drug or device study within 30 days of screening or be concurrently enrolled in another investigational drug or device study.

Additional Information

Official title A Multi-Center, Randomized, Controlled Evaluation of the Safety and Efficacy of LASIK With Cross-linking Performed With the KXL System and Photrexa ZD™ (Riboflavin Ophthalmic Solution) Compared to LASIK Alone for Hyperopia and Hyperopic Astigmatism
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in December 2015.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Avedro, Inc..