Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions heart failure, respiratory failure
Sponsor University of California, San Francisco
Collaborator National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Start date October 2012
End date September 2016
Trial size 800 participants
Trial identifier NCT01892969, 1R01HL114484-01A1, A120253

Summary

Project Summary We propose an ancillary study to The Heart and Lung Failure Pediatric Insulin Titration trial (HALF PINT), which is investigating the impact of normalizing blood glucose using insulin infusions on clinical outcomes among children with hyperglycemia and heart and lung failure. In this ancillary study, we will measure plasma levels of inflammatory, coagulation, and fibrinolysis proteins and genotype DNA for polymorphisms among patients enrolled in the HALF PINT trial. The results from this ancillary study will help us to understand potential mechanisms through which normalizing blood glucose provides benefit, which may lead to development of new therapeutic strategies in critically ill children

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Observational model cohort
Time perspective prospective
Arm
Patients with Heart failure or Respiratory Failure with Hyperglycemia

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Biomarkers of Thrombosis and Inflammation
time frame: Slope of change in biomarkers from the the time of start of insulin infusion to 2 and 4 DAYS AFTER START OF INSULIN INFUSION

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
DEVELOPMENT OF Acute Lung Injury (ALI)
time frame: 28 DAYS

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants up to 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: All Patients enrolled in the HALF PINT trial Exclusion Criteria: Bleeding Diathesis as manifest by a Most Recent recorded International Normalized ratio (INR) >3

Additional Information

Official title Coagulation and Fibrinolysis in a Pediatric Insulin Titration Trial
Principal investigator Anil Sapru, MD,MAS
Description ABSTRACT Hyperglycemia occurs frequently among critically ill children and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Approximately 25% of critically ill children with heart and lung failure (i.e., those receiving mechanical ventilation and/or inotropes) develop hyperglycemia within 24 hours of admission, and if the hyperglycemia is sustained (lasting for > 50% of PICU stay), it results in a 6-fold increase in the odds of mortality. Previous studies have demonstrated that tight glycemic control with insulin, aimed at achieving normoglycemia (TGC-NL) can result in improvement in mortality and morbidity in selected groups of critically ill patients with hyperglycemia. However, the precise mechanism by which TGC-NL leads to improvement in morbidity and mortality is not known. Hyperglycemia is known to result in a pro-thrombotic state via activation of coagulation and impairment of fibrinolysis. This pro-thrombotic, anti-fibrinolytic state, may lead to intravascular fibrin deposition and micro thrombi, which can be a key contributor to the pathogenesis of multi-organ failure. We propose to take advantage of The Heart and Lung Failure Pediatric Insulin Titration trial (HALF PINT) - an NHLBI-funded randomized, controlled trial designed to study the impact of TGC-NL on clinical outcomes among children with heart and lung failure - to investigate the effect of TGC-NL on inflammation, fibrinolysis, and coagulation and to determine the extent to which improvement in deranged coagulation and fibrinolysis by TGC-NL contributes to improvement in clinical outcomes. We propose to enroll 800 critically ill patients with hyperglycemia and heart and lung failure from the HALF PINT study. Since the parent trial will not collect any blood samples other than for confirmation of blood glucose, we will approach parents or surrogates of children enrolled in the HALF PINT trial and obtain informed consent for participation in this ancillary study. We will collect blood samples (3cc from children 2 years and younger, and 5ml from children 3 years and older) at Days 1, 3, and 5 after randomization. We will measure plasma levels of selected markers of coagulation and fibrinolysis and genotype DNA for polymorphisms in the corresponding genes. We will correlate changes over time in the biomarkers with allocation to treatment arm to test whether the beneficial effects of TGC-NL are achieved via normalization of coagulation and fibrinolysis. We will also genotype for tag SNPs in the corresponding genes and test for association of the plasma and genetic markers with clinical outcomes. The results from this study will provide mechanistic insights into the effect of TGC-NL on clinical outcome and could lead to the use of anti-inflammatory, anti-coagulant or pro-fibrinolytic agents as adjunctive therapies among select groups of critically ill children with hyperglycemia who may not be amenable to tight glucose control or are at higher risk of adverse clinical outcomes from a pro thrombotic environment. Results from this study may lead to identification of protein or genetic markers that will identify critically ill children most likely to benefit from existing anticoagulant therapies such as activated protein C.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in October 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by University of California, San Francisco.