Genetic Risk and Health Coaching for Type 2 Diabetes and Coronary Heart Disease
This trial is active, not recruiting.
|Conditions||coronary heart disease, susceptibility to, 5, prediabetic state|
|Treatments||health coaching, genetic risk counseling, standard risk assessment|
|Collaborator||David Grant U.S. Air Force Medical Center|
|Start date||July 2013|
|End date||February 2017|
|Trial size||220 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT01884545, Pro00039569|
The purpose of this study is to examine whether the use of genetic test information and/or health coaching in patient risk counseling for heart disease and diabetes affect health behaviors and health outcomes in active-duty Air Force (ADAF), beneficiaries or dependents and Air Force retiree patients.
Total of 400 subjects will be enrolled. They will be randomly(like flipping a coin)assigned to 4 groups: 1)Standard risk assessment (SRA)only; 2)SRA plus genetic risk information (SRA+G); 3)SRA plus health coaching (SRA+HC); or 4)SRA, genetic risk information, and health coaching (SRA+G+HC). Subjects randomized to the two genetic arms will have blood collected for testing of investigational coronary heart disease (CHD) and type 2 diabetes (T2D) risk markers. Participants in the two groups that include health coaching will be assigned to a trained certified health coach for a period of 6 months. The duration of the study is 12 months with 3 in person visits (baseline, 6 months and 12 months) and completion of surveys at 6 weeks and 3 month time points.
|Intervention model||factorial assignment|
|Masking||single blind (outcomes assessor)|
Health behavior change
time frame: 3, 6, 12 months
time frame: 12 months
time frame: 12 months
Mediators of behavioral change
time frame: 6 months
Male or female participants from 18 years up to 65 years old.
Inclusion Criteria: - Age 18 to 65 years - Willingness and ability to provide informed consent - Have an active email address and internet access - Physical exam in the last 12 months with the following documented evaluations in EMR (Electronic Medical record): 1. Blood pressure 2. Height and weight 3. Fasting blood glucose or Hemoglobin A1C (HbA1c) 4. Lipid panel (TC, LDL, HDL, TRIG) with at least one of them outside of the normal ranges defined as: i.BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2 (BMI = weight [kg] / ht [m]2) ii.FPG > 100 AND ≤ 125 mg/dL iii.HbA1c > 5.7% ≤ 6.4% iv.SBP ≥ 130 mmHg v.TC ≥ 200 mg/dL vi.TRIG ≥ 150 mg/dL vii.LDL ≥ 129 mg/dL Exclusion Criteria: - Projected deployment in the upcoming 6 months - Diagnosed type 2 diabetes - Diagnosed coronary heart disease (CHD) -(Myocardial Infarction, or documented CHD) - Inability to ambulate or participate in physical activity - Serious chronic disease related complications or conditions that could significantly affect study outcomes [currently treated cancer, renal failure, cardiovascular accident (CVA) with residual effects on functioning - Current participation in another research study - Spouse, partner or other household member already participating in this study protocol
|Official title||Genetic Risk and Health Coaching for Type 2 Diabetes and Coronary Heart Disease|
|Principal investigator||Allison Vorderstrasse, DNSc|
|Description||This study will examine the impact of providing genetic CHD and T2D risk information, with or without a supportive behavioral intervention, on promoting risk-reducing behaviors and improving clinical outcomes. In short, using a 4-group (2X2) randomized controlled trial (RCT) design, this study will determine whether incorporating multiple-marker genetic testing into risk counseling for CHD and T2D, coupled with a health coaching intervention will lead to greater changes in physical fitness, health behaviors, risk status and clinical outcomes in active-duty Air Force (ADAF), beneficiaries or dependents and AF retiree patients (N=400). The study will address the following task objectives: 1. Determine the main and interactive effects of multiple-marker genetic risk information incorporated into standard CHD and T2D risk counseling (Standard Risk Assessment, or SRA) and an established, structured telephonic health coaching intervention on health behavior change (diet, exercise habits, smoking cessation) over 12 months, with a focus on ADAF patients, as well as their beneficiaries and retirees. 2. Determine the main and interactive effects of genetic risk information incorporated into standard CHD and T2D risk counseling and a telephonic health coaching intervention on clinical outcomes (fasting blood glucose, blood pressure, BMI, LDL, triglycerides, total cholesterol, AF composite fitness scores) over 12 months in this AF cohort. Given the lack of RCTs on the effects of differing genetic test results, such as false reassurance and genetic determinism, we will also pursue a third, exploratory task objective: 3. Examine the differential effects of level of CHD and T2D genetic risk (# of risk alleles) on behavior change (diet, exercise habits, smoking cessation) and AF fitness scores at 12 months post baseline. Baseline data collection: After screening and informed consent, height and weight, SBP, waist circumference, current lab results (FPG, total cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL, HbA1c, and HDL) and current PHA (physical health assessment) data with fitness scores ( for active duty personnel only) will be obtained from the medical records. Subjects randomized to the two genetic arms will have blood collected for testing of investigational CHD and T2D risk markers. Randomization will take place to one of the following: SRA only; SRA plus genetic risk information (SRA+G); SRA plus health coaching (SRA+HC); or SRA, genetic risk information, and health coaching (SRA+G+HC). Risk Counseling Visit: Within four weeks after the baseline visit all participants will receive risk counseling with trained provider(s) at each clinic site. Health coaching intervention: Participants in the two groups that include health coaching will be assigned to a trained health coach for a period of 6 months (n=200). IHC (Integrative Health Coaching) sessions will be provided by telephone using a structure that has evolved in multiple trials and clinical programs at Duke Integrative Medicine. Six week, 3-, and 6-month follow-ups: At 6 weeks, 3 months and 6 months after the baseline visit, participants will be asked to complete selected surveys online. 6month and 12 month study visits: 12 months from the baseline visit, active duty participants will complete their annual PHA, required annual AF fitness testing; and all participants will complete study visits at 6 and 12 months for weight, waist circumference, BP, fasting glucose or HbA1c and lipid panels to be re-assessed. Surveys will be completed at or prior to the final 12 month visit as well.|
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