Randomized Trial of an HIV Navigation Program for Early Palliative Care
This trial is active, not recruiting.
|Conditions||hiv, chronic disease|
|Sponsor||Case Western Reserve University|
|Collaborator||National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR)|
|Start date||June 2013|
|End date||July 2017|
|Trial size||179 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT01884389, R01NR014059, RES121956|
This study is testing a navigation program for early palliative care provided in tandem with HIV primary care for persons living with HIV (PLWH) who are at high risk or mortality and morbidity related to their co-morbid chronic conditions. Participants are enrolled for a period of 36 months, with data collection at enrollment and every 9 months after, for a total of 5 data collection time points. Study participants enrolled will be randomized into one of two groups: control or intervention. Control group participants will receive control calls in between survey data collection time points. Intervention group participants will participate in a Navigation Program which includes home visits and phone calls with an advanced practice nurse (APN) and licensed social worker (LSW), as well as visits / calls by a volunteer if desired. The frequency of visits / calls will be determined based on level of need (high, medium or low).
The specific aims of the study are to: 1) identify needs and preferences for palliative care and advance care planning for PLWH, in order to tailor an existing Navigation Program for this study; 2) test the effectiveness of an HIV Navigation Program intervention on outcomes of quality of life, symptom burden, coping ability, and advance care planning; and 3) determine if effectiveness of the HIV Navigation Program intervention differs by age, gender, ethnicity, education, income level, and level of palliative care service need.
|Intervention model||parallel assignment|
|Primary purpose||supportive care|
Quality of Life
time frame: Participants will be followed for 36 months, with quality of life measured at baseline and change from baseline at 9mo, 18mo, 27mo, 36mo
time frame: Participants will be followed for 36 months with symptom burden measured at baseline and change from baseline at 9mo, 18mo, 27mo, 36mo
time frame: Participants will be followed for 36 months with coping ability measured at baseline and change from baseline at 9mo, 18mo, 27mo, 36mo
Advance Care Planning
time frame: Participants will be assessed at baseline and up to every 6 months over a 36-month period for evidence of completion of advance care planning (yes/no)
All participants at least 18 years old.
- HIV dx for 2+ years
- English speaking
- lives within 50 miles of study headquarters
- at least one physical co-morbid condition
- receiving primary care at Institutional Review Board (IRB) approved clinic recruitment site
- currently enrolled in hospice care
|Official title||Randomized Trial of an HIV Navigation Program for Early Palliative Care|
|Principal investigator||Jacquelyn Slomka, PhD RN|
|Description||With the advent of effective antiretroviral treatment for HIV has come a marked increase in the number of persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA), with the highest prevalence since the epidemic began of more than 1.2 million. While PLWHA survive longer, they also experience increased burdens of chronic conditions related to lifestyle factors, treatment side effects, and age. PLWHA are a population at great risk for high symptom burden, impaired coping and social functioning, decreased quality of life, and inadequate end-of-life care. The remarkable shift in attitudes towards HIV, from an inevitably fatal disease to a chronic condition, has been accompanied by a lessening emphasis on symptom management and end-of-life planning. However, while mortality from AIDS-defining conditions has decreased, PLWHA continue to have unaddressed needs for coordinated care, symptom management and proactive advance care planning. Palliative care, focused on comprehensive management of physical, psychological, social, and spiritual needs of persons with incurable, progressive illnesses, is a health service uniquely designed to meet these needs. This research project will test a model of early palliative care for PLWHA at high risk of mortality and morbidity. First, focus group methods will be used to explore views of PLWHA regarding their needs for symptom management and social support, and attitudes towards advance care planning and end-of-life concerns. We will then conduct a randomized trial of a novel HIV Navigation Program, which will be a modification of an existing navigation program that uses trained and experienced volunteers as a core component, offered by a large, comprehensive hospice and palliative care organization. The specific aims of this study are 1) to identify needs and preferences for palliative care and advance care planning of PLWHA, in order to tailor an existing Patient Navigation Program to the specific needs of PLWHA with chronic conditions; and 2) to test the effect of an HIV Patient Navigation Program intervention on outcomes of quality of life, symptom burden, coping ability, and advance care planning; and 3) to determine if effectiveness of the HIV Navigation Program intervention differs by age, gender, ethnicity, education, income level, and level of palliative care service need. Because of the increasing prevalence of HIV coexisting with chronic conditions, there is an urgent need to assess palliative care needs and preferences of PLWHA and design effective interventions. This interdisciplinary study will test, at the community level, a novel health service designed to meet the unique needs of chronically ill PLWHA, and improve and support advance care planning. Results from this study will increase understanding of who are PLWHA at highest risk for need of palliative services and provide a model for providing early palliative care support for PLWHA.|
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