This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition diabetic macular edema
Sponsor Oregon Health and Science University
Collaborator Oregon Clinical & Translational Research Institute
Start date June 2013
End date June 2015
Trial size 28 participants
Trial identifier NCT01876914, 8UL1TR000128-07, OHSU IRB #9361


Diabetic Macular Edema (DME), which can happen as a complication of diabetes, occurs when fluid and proteins collect in the macula (the yellow central area of the retina). The fluid can cause swelling which in turn can lead to worsening central vision. The purpose of this study is to see if the study device (Swept Source Optical Coherence Tomography or SS-OCT) is able to diagnose DME as well as an already approved imaging procedure called fluorescein angiography (FA). FA is standard of care and would be conducted regardless of study participation. The dye used in FA, which can cause allergic reactions in some patients and is not used in pregnant women, is not needed with the study device. Another purpose of the study is to avoid the risk of administering the FA dye if possible.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Observational model case-only
Time perspective prospective
Patients suspected to have a problem with at least one eye called diabetic macular edema or DME

Primary Outcomes

Total retinal blood flow & visual acuity
time frame: 1 year

Secondary Outcomes

Macular ischemic areas and microaneurysms, as identified by FA vs. OCT
time frame: 1 year
The degree of parafoveal ischemia as identified by OCT and visual acuity
time frame: 1 year

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: 1. Diagnosis of diabetes mellitus (type 1 or type 2). Exclusion Criteria: 1. Inability to give informed consent. 2. Inability to complete study tests within a 30 day period. 3. Inability to maintain stable fixation for OCT imaging. 4. Significant renal disease, defined as a history of chronic renal failure requiring dialysis or kidney transplant. 5. A prior history of reaction to fluorescein or other dyes. 6. A condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, would preclude participation in the study (e.g., unstable medical status including blood pressure, cardiovascular disease, and glycemic control). 7. Blood pressure > 180/110 (systolic above 180 OR diastolic above 110). If blood pressure is brought below 180/110 by anti-hypertensive treatment, subject can become eligible. 8. Systemic anti-VEGF or pro-VEGF treatment within 4 months prior to treatment. 9. Women of child-bearing potential: pregnant or lactating or intending to become pregnant within the next 12 months due to unknown safety of fluorescein angiography.

Additional Information

Official title Pilot Study of OCT Versus Fluorescein Angiography in Diabetic Macular Edema in Eyes With Good and Poor Macular Capillary Perfusion
Principal investigator Andreas Lauer, M.D.
Description Diabetic macular edema (DME) is one of the most common causes of visual loss in patients with diabetes and a leading cause of blindness in the working age population. In DME, excess fluid from blood vessels in the retina leaks into the macula, causing swelling. Because the macula is responsible for sharp central vision, the swelling causes blurred or distorted of central vision, loss of contrast sensitivity, and can include changes in color perception. A patient with macular edema may or may not also have ischemia, an abnormal reduction in blood flow to the retina due to blockage of the retinal blood vessels. In macular ischemia, inadequate blood supply to the central retina results in a loss of retinal cell function and irreversible central vision loss. DME is most often treated with a focal laser application or an injection of an anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) drug into the eye to stop leaky vessels. DME is currently diagnosed by slit-lamp biomicroscopy and optical coherence tomography (OCT). Conventionally, OCT is used to assess edema (retinal thickening and fluid pockets). The initial assessment and treatment planning also requires an assessment of macular perfusion, which is currently done by fluorescein angiography (FA). FA is used to identify microaneurysms and areas of capillary dropout (ischemia), which guides focal laser treatment and helps predict treatment response. Eyes with greater ischemia respond more poorly to treatment. FA requires the injection of sodium fluorescein into the systemic circulation. However, 1 in 3 people have adverse reactions to sodium fluorescein, which can include nausea, vomiting, hives, and acute hypotension. Severe reactions such as anaphylaxis, causing cardiac arrest and sudden death due to anaphylactic shock, have also been reported. Finally, because the risks of sodium fluorescein to a developing fetus are unknown, its use in pregnant women is contraindicated. Replacing FA with a less invasive and better tolerated method would reduce the risk in the patient population. One option is OCT angiography. Optical coherence tomography is an imaging technology that can perform non-contact cross-sectional imaging of tissue structure in real time.It is analogous to ultrasound B-mode imaging, except that OCT measures the intensity of reflected light rather than acoustical waves. OCT has a number of features that make it attractive as a diagnostic imaging modality: 1.) It has micron-level resolution, which is not possible with any other non-contact technique; 2.) No potentially allergenic dyes or contrast agents are required; 3.) OCT images are generated in electronic form, which facilitates the use of digital image processing techniques to extract quantitative parameters regarding the imaged tissue anatomy. For these reasons, structural OCT is already routinely used to assess areas of macular edema and response to treatment. Novel functional OCT including Doppler OCT and OCT angiography may allow an assessment of retinal blood flow and obviate the need for the more invasive FA test. Thus, if the diagnostic data provided by functional OCT are at least equivalent or superior to those achieved by FA, patients and healthcare providers could realize a substantial benefit in utilizing this technology in the management of DME. To clarify, FA is standard of care and is not a procedure in this protocol, rather simply a comparison is being conducted between functional OCT and FA.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in April 2015.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Oregon Health and Science University.