Fentanyl Citrate Buccal Tablet in Reducing Exercise Induced Breakthrough Dyspnea in Patients with Cancer
This trial is active, not recruiting.
|Treatments||fentanyl buccal tablet, placebo buccal tablet, questionnaires|
|Sponsor||M.D. Anderson Cancer Center|
|Collaborator||Teva Pharmaceuticals USA|
|Start date||May 2014|
|End date||May 2018|
|Trial size||25 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT01856114, 2013-0043, NCI-2014-01033|
The goal of this clinical research study is to learn if fentanyl can change perception of shortness of breath in cancer patients. Researchers also want to learn if the study drug can help to improve your physical function. In this study, fentanyl will be compared to a placebo.
Fentanyl is commonly used for treatment of cancer pain.
A placebo is not a drug. It looks like the study drug but is not designed to treat any disease or illness. It is designed to be compared with a study drug to learn if the study drug has any real effect.
|Endpoint classification||efficacy study|
|Intervention model||parallel assignment|
|Masking||double blind (subject, investigator)|
Variances of Change in Intensity of Exercise-Induced Breakthrough Dyspnea
time frame: 1 day
Male or female participants at least 18 years old.
- Diagnosis of cancer with evidence of active disease
- Breakthrough dyspnea, defined in this study as dyspnea on exertion with an average intensity level >/=3/10 on the numeric rating scale
- Outpatient at MD Anderson Cancer Center seen by the Supportive Care Service, Thoracic Medical Oncology or Cardiopulmonary Center
- Ambulatory and able to walk with or without walking aid
- On strong opioids with morphine equivalent daily dose of 60-130 mg for at least one week, with stable (i.e. +/- 30%) regular dose over the last 24 hours
- Karnofsky performance status >/=50%
- Age 18 or older
- Able to complete study assessments
- Must speak and understand English.
- Dyspnea at rest >/=7/10 at the time of enrollment
- Supplemental oxygen requirement >6 L per minute
- Delirium (i.e. Memorial delirium rating scale >13)
- History of unstable angina or myocardial infarction 1 month prior to study enrollment
- Resting heart rate >120 at the time of study enrollment
- Systolic pressure >180 mmHg or diastolic pressure >100 mmHg at the time of study enrollment
- History of active opioid abuse within the past 12 months
- History of allergy to fentanyl
- Severe anemia (Hb <7g/L) if documented in the last month and not corrected prior to study enrollment*
- Bilirubin >5X Upper limit of normal if documented in the last month and not lowered to <5x normal prior to study enrollment*
- Diagnosis of acute pulmonary embolism within past 2 weeks
- Diagnosis of pulmonary hypertension
- Unwilling to provide informed consent
|Official title||A Preliminary Study of Prophylactic Fentanyl Buccal Tablets (FBT) for Exercise Induced Breakthrough Dyspnea|
|Principal investigator||David Hui, MD|
|Description||Study Groups: If you are found to be eligible to take part in this study, you will be randomly assigned (as in the flip of a coin) to either receive fentanyl or placebo. You will have an equal chance of being assigned to either group. Neither you nor the study staff will know if you are receiving the study drug or the placebo. However, if needed for your safety, the study staff will be able to find out what you are receiving. Study Visit: During your study visit, the study staff will collect information from your medical record about your age, sex, race, disease type, how well you are able to perform the normal activities of daily living, any drugs you are taking, and possible causes of shortness of breath. You will complete 2 questionnaires. One (1) of them will have questions about any breathing symptoms you may be having, and the other asks about any other symptoms you may be having. It should take about 10 minutes to complete these questionnaires. The study staff will then record your vital signs (heart rate, breathing rate, and the level of air breathed out using a measuring device that will be clipped onto your finger). You will also be asked how hard it is to catch your breath and to rate your level of tiredness. You will then walk back and forth in an indoor corridor for up to 6 minutes. This is called a walk test. You may slow down, stop, and rest at any time you need to. After that, you will sit down and rest for up to 1 hour. During this time, the study drug/placebo will be prepared and you may be asked several times how hard it is to catch your breath. You will then be given a study drug/placebo tablet to put it in between your upper gum and cheek. You will then wait for another 30 minutes, be asked about any side effects you may be having, and repeat the walking test. Then the study staff will ask you again about any side effects you may be having, your level of tiredness, and how hard it is to catch your breath. Your vital signs will also be measured. During each walk test, you will be asked 6 times how hard it is to catch your breath. How often you stopped and for how long will be recorded. The total distance you walked will also be recorded. After each walk test, you will also be asked to complete 4 tests of your mental abilities, including finger tapping, simple mathematics questions (addition, subtraction, multiplication, division), recall of numbers, and recall of objects. It should take 15 minutes to complete these tests. At the end of the study visit, you will fill out 1 questionnaire that asks if you think the study drug/placebo is helping you, how satisfied you are with the study, and which treatment you think you received. It should take about 5 minutes to complete the questionnaire. Length of Study: Your active participation in this study is over after you complete the last questionnaire. You will be taken off study if intolerable side effects occur or if you are unable to follow study directions. Follow-Up: Thirty (30) days after your study visit you will be called by the study staff and asked how you are feeling and about any side effects you may be having. This call should last about 10 minutes. This is an investigational study. Fentanyl is FDA approved and commercially available for the treatment of pain. Its use to control shortness of breath is investigational. Up to 20 participants will be enrolled in this study. All will take part at MD Anderson.|
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