Effectiveness Study of Psychotherapy in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
This trial is active, not recruiting.
|Condition||systemic lupus erythematosus|
|Sponsor||Federal University of São Paulo|
|Start date||August 2010|
|End date||February 2014|
|Trial size||80 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT01840709, UNIFESP.PSYCHO|
Psychosomatic is a new approach to understanding the phenomena of somatization using the knowledge of medicine and psychology to treat human being. A Brief Group Psychanalytic Psychotherapy (BGPP) for psychosomatic patients has been used to supplement the treatment of some diseases including Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE). The hypothesis of the study is that BGPP beside clinical treatment can improve the quality of life and coping in SLE patients. The aim of the study is to evaluate the effectiveness of BGPP in Brazilian SLE patients.
Primary objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of BGPP to improve quality of life. Secondary objectives: To evaluate the effectiveness of BGPP to improve coping, anxiety and depression symptoms. SLE patients will be randomized to receive Psychotherapy or only clinical treatment. The effectiveness will be assessed through specific questionnaires.
|Endpoint classification||efficacy study|
|Intervention model||parallel assignment|
|Masking||single blind (outcomes assessor)|
|Primary purpose||health services research|
Quality of life
time frame: 20 weeks
time frame: 20 weeks
Female participants at least 18 years old.
Inclusion Criteria: - Female patients, - SLE (ACR criteria) - over 18 years old - followed up at the clinic for at least 6 months Exclusion Criteria: - illiterate patients, - patients with mental or physical comorbidities that compromise their participation
|Official title||Effectiveness Study of Brief Group Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy (BGPP) to Improve Quality of Life in Patients With Systemic Lupus Erythematosus.|
|Principal investigator||Emilia I Sato, MD, PhD|
|Description||This is a prospective randomized clinical trial. Patients with SLE (ACR criteria, 1997) treated at Rheumatology Division out-patient clinic of a university hospital were enrolled. A sample of 80 patients was assessed at the beginning of the study (baseline) and will be re-evaluated after 20 weeks (final) by clinical and psychological scales. Patients were randomized by computer program and divided into experimental group (EG) and control group (CG). Patients of both groups continued their medical treatment at the clinic. EG will be treated with BGPP for 20 sessions once a week for 20 consecutive weeks in small groups. The control group will be on a waiting list until the end of the study and will be treated subsequently. Inclusion criteria: - Female gender - Four or more ACR criteria for classification of SLE - Age above 18 years - Follow-up at the clinic for at least 6 months Exclusion criteria : - Illiterate patients - Mental or physical comorbidities that compromise their participation Evaluation: The following scales (adapted and validated for Portuguese Language) were being applied for a blinded evaluator to assess patients at baseline and after 20 weeks: - Systemic Lupus International Disease Activity - SLEDAI Bombardier,1992); - Systemic Symptom Checklist (SSC)(Freire, 2008); - Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Quality of Life - SLEQOL (Freire, 2008); - Coping strategies inventory of Folkman and Lazarus (Savoia,1996). - Hospital Anxiety and Depression (Botega, 1995); - Vital events scale of Holmes and Rahe (1967) (Savoia, 1995) and Comparisons inter and intra groups were being analyzed using the Q square test for categorical variables and Student's t test, Mann-Whitney, Wilcoxon or ANOVA for quantitative variables. P values <0.05 will be considered as significant.|
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