This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions albinism, vision loss
Treatment nitisinone (ntbc)
Phase phase 1/phase 2
Sponsor National Eye Institute (NEI)
Collaborator National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI)
Start date April 2013
End date July 2016
Trial size 5 participants
Trial identifier NCT01838655, 13-EI-0124, 130124



- Oculocutaneous albinism, type 1B (OCA1B) is a genetic disease caused by problems in the gene that makes tyrosine. Tyrosine is an amino acid needed to produce pigment in the skin, hair, and eyes. People with OCA1B have pale skin, white hair, and light-colored eyes. Pigment in the back of the eye helps vision, so people with OCA-1B often have visual problems. Researchers want to see if a drug called nitisinone can help improve eye pigmentation and vision in people with OCA1B. Nitisinone is approved for treating a related genetic disease that causes problems with tyrosine, so it may help people with OCA1B.


- To see if nitisinone can help improve eye pigmentation and vision in people with OCA1B.


- Individuals at least 18 years of age who have OCA1B.


- This study will last about 18 months. It requires eight outpatient visits, each about 3 months apart. Each visit will require 1 to 2 days of testing.

- Participants will be screened with a physical exam, eye exam, and medical history. They will have additional vision and neurological tests. They will be tested to see how their brain and retinas respond to light. They will also take hair and blood samples, and answer questions about diet.

- Participants will receive the study drug. They will take one pill a day for 1 year. They will keep track of the dose in a study diary.

- At the outpatient visits, participants will have the following tests:

- Medical history and physical exam

- Neurological and eye exams

- Retina function tests

- Tests of the skin and brain's response to light

- Blood and urine tests

- Dietary consultation

- Visual function questionnaire.

- After the end of the study, participants will return to the care of their regular eye doctor.

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation non-randomized
Intervention model single group assignment
Primary purpose treatment
Masking no masking

Primary Outcomes

The primary outcome for the study is the absolute mean change in iris pigmentation on an 8-point scale at 12 months as compared to baseline. Participants left and right eyes will be analyzed.
time frame: 12 months

Secondary Outcomes

Changes in hair, skin, and fundus pigmentation
time frame: 12 months
Change in hair melanin
time frame: 12 months
Change in melanin content in skin
time frame: 12 months
Change in full-field ERG measures
time frame: 12 months
Change in contrast sensitivity
time frame: 12 months
Absolute mean change in iris pigmentation
time frame: 12 months

Eligibility Criteria

All participants at least 18 years old.

- INCLUSION CRITERIA: To be eligible, the following inclusion criteria must be met, when applicable. 1. Participant must be 18 years of age or older. 2. Participant must understand and sign the protocol s informed consent document. 3. Participant must have normal renal function, liver function, and platelet counts or have mild abnormalities no greater than grade 1 as defined by the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events v4.0 (CTCAE). 4. Any female participant of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test at screening and must be willing to undergo pregnancy testing immediately prior to the start of the investigational product and while on the investigational product. 5. Any female participant of childbearing potential and any male participant able to father children must have (or have a partner who has) had a hysterectomy or vasectomy, be completely abstinent from intercourse, or must agree to practice two effective methods of contraception while taking the investigational product and for at least two months following the last dose of investigational product. Acceptable methods of contraception include: - Hormonal contraception (i.e., birth control pills, injected hormones, dermal patch, or vaginal ring), - Intrauterine device, - Barrier methods (diaphragm, condom) with spermicide, or - Surgical sterilization (tubal ligation). 6. Participant must have OCA1B, as defined by ALL (a-d) of the following criteria: 1. Participant has ophthalmic signs or symptoms of albinism, including: - Bilateral visual acuity E-ETDRS EVA letter score of less than or equal to 83 (i.e., Snellen equivalent of 20/25 or worse) that is not attributable to any other pathology. - Bilateral iris transillumination that can be seen in clinical photographs. 2. Predominant contralateral decussation of ganglion cell axons, as determined by pattern visual evoked potential (VEP). 3. Participant has at least one definitive mutation in the OCA1 gene (tyrosinase). 4. Participant has no definitive mutations in the OCA2 gene. EXCLUSION CRITERIA: - Participant is pregnant or breast-feeding. - Participant is a male AND has a definitive mutation in the OA1 gene. - Participant has any of the following abnormal laboratory test results: 1. Serum potassium < 3.0 mEq/L, 2. Serum CK > 500 U/L, 3. Hemoglobin < 10.0 g/dL, 4. White blood cell (WBC) count < 3.0 k/microL, 5. Plasma tyrosine > 150 microM, 6. ESR > 100 mm/h, and/or 7. Serum T4 > 15 microg/dL OR Serum T4 < 4 microg/dL. - Participant has keratopathy. - Participant has a current malignancy. - Participant has open skin lesions. - Participant is on a diet that deliberately increases protein intake to disproportionate levels (e.g., Atkins diet). The diet must be reasonably balanced, as determined by a dietician. - Participant has uncontrolled hypertension, defined as systolic blood pressure above 180 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure above 95 mmHg. - Participant has another chronic ocular disease that may confound the results of visual tests, such as age-related macular degeneration, cataract of possible visual significance, or uncontrolled glaucoma. - Participant drinks more than the equivalent of two glasses of wine per day on average, has a history of alcohol abuse, or has a severe liver illness. - Participant s liver is > 3 cm below the right costal margin. - Participant has a muscle disease. - Participant is currently taking a medication known to cause elevated liver function tests including statins/HMG-Co-A reductase inhibitors (e.g., lovastatin, simvastatin); anti-epileptic medications (e.g., carbamazepine, phenytoin, phenobarbital); tetracycline or its derivatives, if used chronically; acetaminophen, if used daily/chronically; amiodarone; and any other medications with known significant liver toxicity.

Additional Information

Official title A Pilot Study of Nitisinone in the Treatment of Oculocutaneous Albinism, Type 1B
Principal investigator Brian P Brooks, M.D.
Description Objective: The primary objective of this study is to evaluate oral nitisinone as a treatment that improves ocular pigmentation in adult participants with oculocutaneous albinism, type 1B (OCA1B). Secondary objectives of this study are to determine whether the selected outcome measures are robust enough to use in a larger trial and to assess whether oral nitisinone improves visual function, skin pigmentation, and hair pigmentation in participants with OCA1B. Study Population: Five participants with OCA1B will be enrolled initially. However, up to an additional three participants may be enrolled to account for participants who withdraw from the study for any reason before the Month 12 visit. Design: In this pilot, phase 1/2, single-site, prospective, open label trial, participants will receive 2 mg of oral nitisinone daily for at least one year, and they will be followed for at least 18 months. Ocular and non-ocular data will be collected at least every three months, with the first follow-up visit occurring three months after the final baseline visit. Participants will be required to have at least 8 outpatient visits at the NEI clinic over a period of 18 months. This study has a common termination date and therefore may continue for up to four years. Outcome Measures: The primary outcome for the study is the absolute change in iris pigmentation on an 8-point scale at 12 months as compared to baseline. Participants left and right eyes will be analyzed. The absolute change in iris pigmentation for each eye on an 8-point scale at 3, 6 and 9 months compared to baseline will be assessed as secondary outcomes. Other secondary outcomes for each eye include the absolute and percent change in semi-quantitative iris pigmentation on image analysis; the absolute change in electronic visual acuity (EVA); the absolute change in contrast sensitivity without glare, with medium glare, and with high glare; the absolute change in full-field ERG measures; the absolute and percent change in melanin content in skin using skin reflectometry; and qualitative changes in hair, skin, and fundus pigmentation at 3, 6, 9 and 12 months as compared to baseline. The absolute and percent change in hair melanin will also be assessed at 12 months as compared to baseline. The number and severity of adverse events and the number of withdrawals will be assessed as safety outcomes.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in February 2017.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC).