Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition non alcoholic fatty liver disease
Treatments unsupervised exercise training, supervised exercise training
Sponsor University of Liverpool
Collaborator Royal Liverpool University Hospital
Start date February 2009
End date April 2013
Trial size 60 participants
Trial identifier NCT01834300, 09/H1008/1

Summary

This project examines the effects of a 4 month structured exercise intervention program in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). We will examine changes in total and depot-specific (i.e.in different tissues, liver, muscle and pancreas)fat. We will correlate these with measurements of the insulin from the liver. The hypothesis is that by reducing fat in these specific depots we can reduce insulin resistance and prevent progression to diabetes.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Experimental)
Unsupervised exercise training This group will be given 1 hour lifestyle counseling by the exercise trainer after which they will have no contact with the exercise trainer to the end of the intervention period. The exercise intervention will be offered to the subjects once the post studies are completed.
unsupervised exercise training
The patients will be given lecture on lifestyle changes and its benefitial effects on health at the begining of the study by the exercise trainer. There will be no conatct with the exercise trainer for the period of intervention for 4 months.
(Experimental)
Supervised exercise training Four months exercise training intervention will be either gym-based or patients will choose the mode of exercise that suits their lifestyle. Patients will be encouraged to exercise four times per week for 30-45 min at 60-80 % of maximal heart rate, with a 5 min warm-up and warm-down. Participants will be given free access to a variety of affiliated sports centres and will use the Wellness Key system, a software program that enables researchers to remotely track the exercise activity of participants very accurately. To ensure compliance with rest or exercise, all participants of both groups will have their mean physical activity level in 2 non-consecutive weeks evaluated with an ambulatory accelerometer.
supervised exercise training
Patients will be encouraged to exercise four times per week for 30-45 min at 60-80 % of maximal heart rate, with a 5 min warm-up and warm-down. Participants will be given free access to a variety of affiliated sports centres and will use the Wellness Key system, a software program that enables researchers to remotely track the exercise activity of participants very accurately. To ensure compliance with rest or exercise, all participants of both groups will have their mean physical activity level in 2 non-consecutive weeks evaluated with an ambulatory accelerometer.

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Reduction in liver and muscle fat
time frame: 4 months

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Changes in liver function tests
time frame: 4 months
Changes in lipid profiles
time frame: 4 months
Changes in body weight and anthropometric measurements
time frame: 4 months
Hepatic insulin sensitivity
time frame: 4 months
VLDL-TG kinetics
time frame: 4 months

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 20 years up to 65 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Sedentary, non smoking, male subjects, - Alcohol consumption men <21 units/week, - BMI 27-35. (Lean individuals do not suffer from NAFLD, so are not suitable for this study. Conversely, we are restricted to a maximum BMI of 35 due to the size limitations of the MR scanner.) - A clinical diagnosis of NAFLD based upon the following criteria: i) exclusion of other causes of liver disease i.e. negative Hepatitis B and C serology, a negative auto-immune profile and normal caeruloplasmin concentrations, ii) Ultrasound appearances suggestive of a fatty, echo-bright liver with no evidence of cirrhosis (in some cases, the diagnosis will have been confirmed histologically after liver biopsy. - Being willing to engage and motivated to follow an exercise program. Exclusion Criteria: - Prescription of corticosteroids, amiodarone, tamoxifen, methotrexate (drugs known to cause secondary steatohepatitis) or fibrates. Statin is Ok as long as the patients are on stable therapy for a while, if changed then the patient will be excluded. - Alcohol consumption for men 21 units/week. - A contraindication to exercise (such as unstable ischaemic heart disease), - Type 2 diabetes (type 2 diabetes patients are excluded so that we are examining the involvement of insulin resistance at a reversible stage before β-cell failure has occurred). - Patients who are on medications that will interact with GTN (glyceryl trinitrate) will be excluded from the GTN dilatation (endothelial independent NO mediated function) aspect of the study. - Individuals who suffer from claustrophobia and have metal implants will be excluded from the MRI aspect of the study. - Patients who smoke will also be excluded from the study. - Total cholesterol >7

Additional Information

Official title The Effects of Exercise Training on Visceral Fat, Insulin Sensitivity, β-cell Function and Triglyceride Kinetics in Patients With Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD).
Principal investigator Fariba Shojaee-Moradie, BSc PhD
Description 1. Exercise program: We are asking people to take part in a supervised exercise program for 4 months. This involves on average a weekly supervised exercise bout plus other unsupervised exercise bouts at home. We will ensure participants are physically able to embark on this by taking their medical history, physical examination and validated questionnaire (PARQ). This program is for the benefit on the patients' long term health. 2. MR imaging to assess fat: occassionally these may pick up anomalies which require further investigation. A radiologist will screen the abdominal images and GP will be informed on anything requiring further investigation. No radiation is received during MR imaging. 3. Physiological studies: Patients will be asked to attend for 2 non-consecutive days before and after the exercise intervention. Regular blood samples will be required as apart of these investigations.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in September 2014.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by University of Liverpool.