This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition chronic hepatitis
Treatments entecavir, placebo
Phase phase 4
Sponsor National Cheng-Kung University Hospital
Start date September 2008
End date November 2014
Trial size 130 participants
Trial identifier NCT01833611, ETV HR-96-23


Entecavir (ETV) has shown superior ability to suppress hepatitis B virus (HBV) replication, histology improvement as well as low rate of emergence of resistant mutants. Out of range of clinical recommendations for treatment of chronic hepatitis B (CHB), chronic HBV carriers with persistently normal ALT and viral load more than 10^5 copies/mL have progression of liver disease during long-term follow-up. In addition, certain proportions of these patients do have significant inflammation and fibrosis in liver histology. This study will be able to identify who are at risk of liver disease progression and evaluate efficacy of ETV regarding improvement of liver histology during short-term (1-year) and long-term ETV treatment (3-year).

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking double blind (subject, caregiver, investigator)
Primary purpose treatment
Entecavir 0.5mg at first year; then open with entecavir 0.5mg qd for 2nd, 3rd year
entecavir baraclude (generic name)
entecavir 0.5mg qd
(Placebo Comparator)
Placebo at first year, then opne with entecavir 0.5mg qd for 2nd, 3rd year
placebo qd

Primary Outcomes

Improvement of liver histology in patients with chronic hepatitis B virus infection and persistently normal ALT receiving entecavir. Please refer to "Description" section for the definiton of improvement of liver histology
time frame: 1 year

Secondary Outcomes

Undetectable HBV DNA
time frame: 1 year and 3 year
the reduction of HBV DNA from baseline
time frame: 1 year and 3 year

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 18 years up to 65 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: 1. Male and female subjects aged between 18 and 65 year-old with history of chronic hepatitis B virus infection; 2. Detectable HBsAg at screening and for at least 24 weeks prior to screening or detectable HBsAg for < 24 week and negative for IgM core antibody and confirmation of chronic hepatitis on liver biopsy; 3. ALT should be within normal range in recent one year and at least twice, which are at least 3 month apart; 4. Normal ALT at screening; 5. Screening HBV DNA of more than 10^5 copies/mL by Roche AmplicorTM PCR assay performed by the central laboratory; 6. Evidence of chronic hepatitis on liver biopsy (Knodell HAI Score >= 4) performed ≤ 52 weeks prior to randomization; 7. All women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test. Exclusion Criteria: 1. Coinfection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), or hepatitis D virus (HDV); 2. Other forms of liver disease e.g., alcoholic, autoimmune, biliary disease; 3. Patients with evidence of decompensation of liver disease; 4. Therapy with interferon, thymosin alpha or antiviral agents with activity against hepatitis B (e.g., adefovir, famciclovir, lamivudine, and telbivudine) within 24 weeks of randomization into this study; 5. More than 12 weeks of prior therapy with nucleoside or nucleotide analogue antiviral agents with activity against hepatitis B (e.g., adefovir, famciclovir lamivudine, and telbivudine); 6. Prior therapy with entecavir; 7. Known history of allergy to nucleoside analogues; 8. Hemoglobin < 10.0 g/dL; 9. Platelet count < 75,000/mm3; 10. Absolute neutrophil count< 1500 cells/mm3; 11. Creatinine > 1.5mg/dL (133 μmol/L); 12. Anti-nuclear antibody (ANA) titer > l :160 unless attributable to non-hepatic disease.

Additional Information

Official title Phase IV Study of the Efficacy of Entecavir in Patients With Chronic Hepatitis B Virus Infection and Persistently Normal Alanine Aminotransferase
Principal investigator Ting-Tsung Chang, MD. PhD
Description TITLE : A Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-control Study Evaluating the Efficacy of Entecavir in Patients with Chronic Hepatitis B Virus Infection and Persistently Normal Alanine Aminotransferase INDICATION : Chronic hepatitis B virus infection with persistently normal ALT OBJECTIVES : Primary objective To evaluate the efficacy of entecavir (ETV) in improving liver histology in patients with chronic hepatitis B virus infection and persistently normal ALT. The primary endpoint is to compare the proportion of subjects in each treatment group who achieve the histologic Endpoint, defined as improvement in the necroinflammatory score (≥ 2 point decrease in Knodell HAI score) and no worsening of fibrosis (≥ 1 point increase in the Knodell fibrosis score), at the Week 52 compared to baseline. Secondary objectives To compare the proportion of subjects in each treatment group with the following objectives at week 52, week 104, and week 156, and post-dosing 24 weeks: 1. Undetectable HBV DNA by the Roche TaqMan® HBV Test (limit of detection 60 IU/mL); HBV DNA by PCR will also be evaluated as a continuous parameter; 2. The reduction of HBV DNA from baseline. STUDY DESIGN This is a 3-year prospective randomized, double-blind, placebo-control study. Enrolled subjects will be allocated according to HBeAg status (HBeAg-positive and HBeAg-negative), then randomized to ETV or placebo group. ETV group: 1st year: ETV 0.5mg qd, then open with ETV 0.5mg qd for 2nd, 3rd year Placebo gr: 1st year: placebo, then open with ETV 0.5mg for 2nd, 3rd year Dose of ETV: 0.5 mg/day Screening period: 6 weeks Timing of liver biopsy: baseline, 52th week, 156th week NUMBER OF PATIENTS 130 (1:1) STUDY PERIOD NOV 2007 ~ MAY 2011 DRUG ADMINISTRAITON Route: oral Dose: ETV 0.5 mg/day Comparable placebo STATISTICAL ANALYSIS Sample size determination: An evaluation of the efficacy of entecavir compared to placebo is planned. A test for superiority of entecavir to placebo will be conducted that has high power to demonstrate superiority if there are larger histologic improvements of clinical importance. Histologic improvement after one year is estimated as 50% of entecavir treatment and 25% of placebo. Thus, a sample size of 47 will be required for 90% of confidence level with 5% of error. Finally, we estimate that it will be appropriate to enroll 65 patients in each arm due to probably patients' withdrawal. Statistical Analyses The difference in response rates for the Histologic Endpoint (entecavir-placebo) along with its standard error and 95% confidence interval will be computed. Subset analyses defined by prognostic variables [e.g. gender, and HBV DNA level] for the Histologic Endpoint will be performed. Change from baseline at Week 52 and 156 in Knodell Scores will also be summarized as a continuous parameter. The secondary efficacy variables will also be summarized and compared between the treatment groups.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in April 2013.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by National Cheng-Kung University Hospital.