Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition primary fibromyalgia
Treatments oral iron, oral placebo
Phase phase 3
Sponsor Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences
Start date April 2013
End date May 2015
Trial size 120 participants
Trial identifier NCT01820052, 2013-03-DM-67

Summary

Fibromyalgia (FM) is a disorder with chronic widespread musculoskeletal pain for which no alternative cause can be identified. The condition is often accompanied by other features such as fatigue, stiffness, cold intolerance, cognitive impairment, intolerance to external stimuli, sleep disturbances, anxiety and depression, which significantly affect the quality of life. Fibromyalgia is characterized by altered pain perception, and studies have shown fibromyalgia to be more prevalent in patients with iron deficiency anemia. Iron is essential for a number of enzymes involved in serotonin and dopamine synthesis. Deficiency of serotonergic neuronal functioning might be related to the pathophysiology of FM.

This study attempts to explore the use of oral iron as a cheap and readily available alternative for the treatment of FM .

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification safety/efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking double blind (subject, caregiver, investigator, outcomes assessor)
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Active Comparator)
Patient will receive 230 mg of oral elemental iron daily for 3 months
oral iron Drug
230 mg of elemental oral iron tablets will be administered daily for 3 months
(Placebo Comparator)
Oral Placebo tablets will be administered daily for 3 months
oral placebo Placebo
Oral tablets matching oral iron will be administered daily for 3 months

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Widespread Pain Index
time frame: Change from baseline to 3 months
Symptom Severity Scale score
time frame: Change from baseline to 3 months
Hindi version of Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire
time frame: Change from baseline to 3 months

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Visual Analog Scale for pain
time frame: Change from baseline to 3 months
Hindi version of Brief Physical Health Questionnaire
time frame: Change from baseline to 3 months
Hindi version of SF-36 questionnaire.
time frame: Change from baseline to 3 months

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 18 years up to 70 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Patients of Fibromyalgia fulfilling ACR 2010 criteria. - Patients with a baseline FIQ >40 will be taken up for study. Exclusion Criteria: - Patients with a Hb<8 g or having hypothyroidism , deficiency of Vitamin D or any connective tissue disease will be excluded from the study. - Baseline depression will be assessed using BPHQ and patients with a baseline BPHQ > 4 will be excluded from study.

Additional Information

Official title A Double-blind , Randomized, Placebo-controlled Trial of Oral Iron Therapy in Fibromyalgia
Principal investigator Vikas Agarwal, MD, DM
Description Fibromyalgia (FM) is a disorder with chronic widespread musculoskeletal pain for which no alternative cause can be identified . The condition is often accompanied by other features such as fatigue, stiffness, cold intolerance, cognitive impairment, intolerance to external stimuli, sleep disturbances, anxiety and depression, which significantly affect the quality of life. Fibromyalgia is characterized by altered pain perception, and studies have shown fibromyalgia to be more prevalent in patients with iron deficiency anemia. Iron is essential for a number of enzymes involved in serotonin and dopamine synthesis. Deficiency of serotonergic neuronal functioning might be related to the pathophysiology of FM. A dysregulation of dopaminergic transmission in the pathophysiology of FM has also been suggested. This has brought forth the postulation that iron as a cofactor in serotonin and dopamine production may have a role in the etiology of FM. A number of therapies are currently in vogue for FM, both pharmacological and non-pharmacological. Drugs shown to be effective in FM include tricyclic antidepressants(amitryptiline, cyclobenzaprine), dual reuptake inhibitors (duloxetine, milnacipran) and alpha-2-delta ligands (pregabalin, gabapentin). However cost is a major factor, and often treatment results are disappointing . Hence the investigators planned to conduct a randomized controlled trial of iron therapy in fibromyalgia . IF proven, iron could be a cheap and easily available alternative for the treatment of this common and often disabling condition. Materials and methods: Patients with FM attending the OPD of the Department of Clinical Immunology will be identified . Diagnosis shall be made as per the ACR 2010 preliminary diagnostic criteria for fibromyalgia and measurement of symptom severity. After seeking informed consent, the subjects will undergo baseline investigation to look for Hb, thyroid function tests and 25-OH-Vitamin. Patients with a Hb<8 g or having hypothyroidism , deficiency of Vitamin D or any connective tissue disease will be excluded from the study. Patients with a baseline FIQ >40 will be taken up for study. Baseline depression will be assessed using BPHQ and patients with a baseline BPHQ > 4 will be excluded from study. Following this, the patients will undergo assessment of serum ferritin at baseline, and irrespective of serum ferritin levels, will be randomized into 2 groups. Target sample size in each group will be 60. The groups will be blinded from both the patients and the investigators, and allocation concealment will be maintained by use of pre-sealed envelopes and drug packets. Group A will receive standard of care treatment for fibromyalgia (Amitryptiline up to 25 mg/day, Duloxetine upto 60 mg/day, Pregabalin upto 300 mg/day either singly or in combination) along with placebo for 3 months. Group B will receive standard of care treatment for fibromyalgia (Amitryptiline upto 25 mg/day, Duloxetine upto 60 mg/day, Pregabalin up to 300 mg/day either singly or in combination) along with 230 mg of oral elemental iron daily for 3 months. Assessment at baseline and at 3 months will be done with respect to the primary end points - Widespread Pain Index (WPI), Symptom Severity Scale score (SSS), Hindi version of Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ) , and secondary end points - Visual Analog Scale for pain (VAS) , Hindi version of Brief Physical Health Questionnaire (BPHQ) , Hindi version of SF-36 questionnaire. Patients will be monitored for side effects of oral iron therapy ( nausea,vomiting, gastrointestinal irritation , constipation , diarrhea) . At the end of 3 months, statistical analysis will be done to determine significance of difference between placebo groups A and B with respect to the above mentioned end points. Patients with a change in FIQ > 25% will be taken as responders. The change in levels of various end points before and after, viz. WPI, SSS, VAS, BPHQ, SF-36 will be a secondary consideration. Significance: This study attempts to explore the use of oral iron as a cheap and readily available alternative for the treatment of FM .
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in April 2015.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences.