This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition glioblastoma
Treatments 5-aminolévulinique acid (5-ala), placebo
Phase phase 3
Sponsor Hospices Civils de Lyon
Start date February 2013
End date March 2013
Trial size 170 participants
Trial identifier NCT01811121, 2011-697


Glioblastoma is the most frequent primary malignant brain tumor in adults (3,000 new cases per year) and is characterized by a poor prognosis (median survival 12 months). Treatment is based mainly on surgical excision as complete as possible followed by an additional radiochemotherapy. The prognosis depends mainly on the quality of resection when it is macroscopically complete. Different techniques to support the surgical resection have been developed over the past 20 years. The reference technique is currently the intraoperative neuronavigation for guiding excision by matching the intraoperative tumor boundaries with those of the preoperative MRI. Its main drawback is the loss of precision during the resection related to changes in anatomical limits of the tumor.

The per-operative fluorescence-guided surgery (FGS) is an innovative alternative technique to support the surgical resection. The 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA), a molecule absorbed by the patient before surgery is captured specifically by the tumor cells and transformed into a fluorochrome revealed intraoperatively by a light source length adapted wave with a set of lenses included in the microscope. Resection is thus guided by this fluorescence whose disappearance translates complete tumor resection.

Its interest is twofold:

- Increase the percentage of complete tumor resection.

- Improve disease-free survival and overall survival. The objective of the study is to compare the FGS to the intraoperative neuronavigation for the resection of glioblastoma, on a medical and economical level through a randomized, prospective, multicenter trial.

The annual number of patients likely to benefit of this technique in France is estimated at 2200 new cases.

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking single blind (subject)
Primary purpose treatment
5-aminolévulinique acid :microsurgical resection guided by fluorescence (CGF) in addition to the usual techniques of neuronavigation, after oral administration of 20mg/kg of 5-ALA 3-5 hours prior to surgical incision
5-aminolévulinique acid (5-ala) Bras A
oral administration of 20mg/kg of 5-ALA 3-5 hours before the surgical incision
(Placebo Comparator)
Laroscorbine :microsurgical excision guided solely by neuronavigation, after oral administration of a placebo 3 to 5 hours before the surgical incision
placebo Bras B
Oral administration of 1g of ascorbic acid LAROSCORBINE in 50ml of water 3 hours before surgery

Primary Outcomes

Comparison of complete tumor resection between the 2 arms
time frame: 48 hours

Secondary Outcomes

Comparison of complete tumor resection between the 2 arms
time frame: less than 48 hours after surgery

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Age greater than 18 years with no upper age limit - Competent adult patient. - Patient affiliated to the National Health Insurance. - Patient with an intra-cerebral supra-tentorial hemispheric, newly diagnosed and previously untreated, which MRI characteristics are suggestive of a glioblastoma. - Indication for surgical treatment by excision. - Brain tumor location distant from critical functional areas allowing a wide resection of contrast enhancement on imaging, the a priori character completely resectable has been validated by an evaluation committee composed of three surgeons - No-cons contain medical surgery, ASA score below 4. - Patient eligible for further treatment by radiotherapy and concurrent chemotherapy followed by adjuvant chemotherapy according to the so called Stupp scheme (standard protocol of adjuvant chemoradiotherapy) - Negative pregnancy test for women of childbearing age. Exclusion Criteria: - Contraindications to performing an MRI (pacemaker). - Glioblastoma known and previously treated with surgery, radiotherapy and / or chemotherapy. - History of cancer. - Anatomical Location of the tumor-cons indicating a wide excision, neurosurgeon at the discretion of medical officer participating center. - Location tumor in the brain stem, the middle line, the basal ganglia and the posterior cranial fossa. - Patient with cons-indication to the achievement of further treatment with radiotherapy and concurrent chemotherapy followed by adjuvant chemotherapy according to the scheme proposed by Stupp. (1) - Patients with porphyria, renal insufficiency (creatinine> 177 μmolL), liver insufficency(gamma glutamyl transpeptidase> 100 U / L, prothrombin time <60%, bilirubin> 51μmol / L). - Patient refused to sign an informed consent form. - Ongoing participation of the patient to another clinical trial.

Additional Information

Official title Randomized, Prospective, Multicenter Blinding Singles With Arm A and Arm B Innovative Strategy Strategy Conventional
Description Main Outcome Measure: Percentage of patients with surgical resection of the tumor is complete, objectified by the absence of residual tumor on MRI early postoperative (within 48 hours) by a central committee of independent reading with qualitative analysis taking a contrast replay console for diagnostic use
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in October 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Hospices Civils de Lyon.