Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition obesity
Treatments parent training group, standard treatment with focus on lifestyle, parent training group with booster sessions
Sponsor Karolinska Institutet
Collaborator Oregon Social Learning Center
Start date January 2013
End date April 2016
Trial size 177 participants
Trial identifier NCT01792531, ML2012

Summary

Obesity has been shown to be resistant to treatment in adults, adolescents, and in school age children, but not during early childhood. Yet knowledge on the effectiveness of early childhood treatment programs for obesity is still very limited, preventing the widespread implementation of such programs. The overarching purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of early treatment of childhood obesity. The investigators plan to perform a carefully-designed randomized controlled trial that will evaluate different treatment options offered to families with children with obesity, organized within the healthcare system and followed up for at least 1 year post-baseline. Participants will be children aged 4-6 years (N=180) with obesity and their parents. This study will facilitate a close examination of key treatment components and mechanisms of change. Results from this study will lead to better healthcare options for obesity treatment during childhood and ultimately to the prevention of obesity later in life from a public health perspective.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Experimental)
To determine the effectiveness of two obesity treatment interventions: 1) parent training group (n=90) and 2) standard treatment with focus on lifestyle (n=90). The two treatment conditions will be evaluated with respect to child weight status (BMI SDS; primary outcome), psychosocial and metabolic health, lifestyle choices, and family functioning (secondary outcomes). This design will allow us to assess whether a program targeting only parents and focusing on parenting practices will result in better outcomes than treatment as usual emphasizing lifestyle changes.
parent training group
The More & Less group will focus on how to use positive parenting practices (e.g., reinforcement/encouragement, limit setting, monitoring, problem-solving, positive involvement, and emotion regulation) instead of ineffective practices (e.g., coercive behavior, negative reciprocity, escalation, and negative reinforcement). Using a parent-group approach to intervention administration, each of the twelve More & Less sessions (1.5h/wk) consist of introduction to effective parenting practices followed by a discussion and practice using role play and home practice assignments. The information and procedures will be tailored to focus on changes in the home environment, mostly related to child food habits and physical activity.
standard treatment with focus on lifestyle
The treatment will be provided by local pediatricians in outpatient pediatric departments and will be based on lifestyle modifications, as recommended in the action plan for Stockholm County.
(Experimental)
To understand the influence of treatment duration by comparing the effectiveness of two obesity treatment interventions: the parent training group administered for 12 wks only (n=45) and the parent training group with booster sessions which include additional booster sessions at 8-week intervals for the following year (n=45). Thus we will randomize families to either a group with booster sessions or without. This design will allow us to evaluate if prolonged care is necessary to maintain intervention effects, or if a 12-week program is equally effective.
parent training group
The More & Less group will focus on how to use positive parenting practices (e.g., reinforcement/encouragement, limit setting, monitoring, problem-solving, positive involvement, and emotion regulation) instead of ineffective practices (e.g., coercive behavior, negative reciprocity, escalation, and negative reinforcement). Using a parent-group approach to intervention administration, each of the twelve More & Less sessions (1.5h/wk) consist of introduction to effective parenting practices followed by a discussion and practice using role play and home practice assignments. The information and procedures will be tailored to focus on changes in the home environment, mostly related to child food habits and physical activity.
parent training group with booster sessions
Parent training group with additional booster sessions at 8-week intervals for the following year.

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Change in Body Mass Index (BMI) SDS
time frame: 1 year

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Change in parenting practices, general and specific
time frame: 1 year
Change in child's dietary intake and behaviour
time frame: 1 year
Change in child's physical activity
time frame: 1 year
Change in family functioning
time frame: 1 year
Change in child's metabolic health
time frame: 1 year
Change in parent's functioning
time frame: 1 year
Waist circumference
time frame: Baseline, 3 months, 1 year
Change in child's functioning
time frame: 1 year
Change in socioeconomic status
time frame: 1 year

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 4 years up to 6 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - age 4-6 years old - obesity as defined by international cut-offs (Cole T. J. et al. BMJ, 2000). Exclusion Criteria: - weight affecting diseases

Additional Information

Official title The More & Less Study: A Randomized Controlled Trial Testing Different Treatment Approaches to Obesity in Preschoolers
Principal investigator Paulina Nowicka, PhD
Description The proposed randomized controlled trial has four specific aims: Specific Aim #1: PARENTING OR LIFESTYLE? To determine the effectiveness of two obesity treatment conditions: 1) parent training (n=90) and 2) treatment as usual focused on lifestyle changes (n=90). The two treatment conditions will be evaluated with respect to child weight status (BMI SDS; primary outcome), psychosocial and metabolic health, lifestyle choices, and family functioning (secondary outcomes). Specific Aim #2: OPTIMAL LENGTH OF TREATMENT AND FOLLOW-UP? To understand the influence of treatment duration we will compare the effectiveness of the parent training program administered for 10 wks only and for 10 wks plus additional booster sessions at 8-week intervals for the following year. All groups will be followed up for at least one year post-baseline. Specific Aim #3: TO START AT AGE 4,5 OR 6? To assess the influence of child age at the start of treatment on the treatment outcomes. Specific Aim #4: MEDIATORS AND MODERATORS? To determine whether changes in targeted parenting skills (such as limit setting, monitoring and problem-solving) will mediate child obesity outcomes by examining all treatment groups. In addition, we will examine moderators of intervention effects (e.g. socioeconomic status (SES), parental weight status, and depression).
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in August 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Karolinska Institutet.