This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition antiphospholipid syndrome (aps)
Sponsor Yale University
Collaborator Hospital for Special Surgery, New York
Start date February 2013
End date January 2016
Trial size 16 participants
Trial identifier NCT01787305, 1210010962, R01AI118855-01, U01AI101990


The purpose of this study is to explore if certain commensals within the gut microbiota (the collection of all microbes that live inside the gut) correlate with autoantibodies in the autoimmune clotting disorder called antiphospholipid syndrome. The study hypothesis is that particular commensals induce the autoantibodies (immune molecules that bind to self structures) and thus correlate with the level of immune cells and antibodies that are self-reactive. Participants are patients with antiphospholipid syndrome and individuals who have tested positive on a prior blood test for anti-beta2-glycoprotein I antibodies or those that have tested negative for antiphospholipid antibodies in their blood, but had a clotting event or a health problem that puts them at risk to form blood clots.

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Observational model case control

Primary Outcomes

Change in autoantibody levels
time frame: Baseline
Change in autoantibody levels
time frame: 4 weeks
Change in autoantibody levels
time frame: 8 weeks

Secondary Outcomes

Change in autoreactive T cell frequencies
time frame: Baseline
Change in autoreactive T cell frequencies
time frame: 4 weeks
Change in autoreactive T cell frequencies
time frame: 8 weeks

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 18 years up to 70 years old.

Inclusion Criteria

  • 18-70 years of age
  • One of the following groups below: Group 1a: Persistently positive anti-β2GPI on Coumadin (n: 10) Group 1b: Persistently positive anti-β2GPI not on Coumadin (n: 10) Group 2a: Negative aPL on Coumadin (n: 10) Group 2b: Negative aPL not on Coumadin (n: 10) Persistently positive aβ2GPI will be defined as anti-β2GPI immunoglobulin G (IgG)/IgM/IgA ≥ 40 SGU/SMU at two separate time points at least 12 weeks apart. Negative aPL will be defined as negative Lupus anticoagulant test, aCL IgG/IgM/IgA, and anti-β2GPI IgG/IgM/IgA within 12 months of the study entry.

Exclusion Criteria

  • Any autoimmune diseases including Rheumatoid Arthritis, Spondylarthropathy, Inflammatory Muscle Disease, and Sarcoidosis
  • Steroid use greater than 10 mg/d prednisone or equivalent 30 days prior to enrollment
  • Any immunosuppressive drug use within 3 months prior to screening (mycophenolate mofetil, azathioprine, methotrexate, leflunomide, rituximab, cyclophosphamide, intravenous immunoglobulin, plasmapheresis).
  • Ongoing chronic infection (viral, bacterial or fungal) including known HIV, Hepatitis B/C
  • Acute infection receiving any antibiotics within 30 days prior to screening
  • Acute thrombosis within 2 days prior to screening
  • Major gastrointestinal surgery less than 5 years prior to enrollment (with the exception of appendectomy)
  • Any Gastrointestinal bleeding history
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease diagnosed by biopsy
  • Celiac Disease diagnosed by biopsy
  • Bulimia or anorexia nervosa
  • Probiotics (greater than estimated 10^9 cfu or organisms per day) within 30 days prior to enrollment (with the exception of fermented beverages, milks or yogurts).
  • Morbid obesity (BMI ≥ 40)
  • Diabetes Mellitus Type I or II on medical therapy
  • Malignancy within one year prior to screening (with the exception of non-metastatic squamous or basal cell skin carcinomas and cervical carcinoma if received curative surgical treatment)
  • Known alcohol abuse
  • Pregnancy

Additional Information

Official title Longitudinal Study of the Fecal Microbiome in Persistently Anti-β2 Glycoprotein-I Positive Individuals and Patients With Antiphospholipid Syndrome
Principal investigator Martin A Kriegel, MD PhD
Description Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an autoimmune disorder in which people are at risk to form blood clots. Having a positive antiphospholipid antibody (aPL) test does not mean the person has APS; but a small number of people do develop APS. These antibodies can also occur in otherwise healthy people. We believe certain bacteria in the gut may cause these antibodies to be produced. Current treatments in APS target the blood clotting system and the goal is to prevent future blood clots. Many patients require this therapy for their entire life. If an persistent trigger can be found within the gut microbiota, it may help in developing other treatments. This study is being conducted at two centers, Yale University School of Medicine in New Haven, CT, and The Hospital for Special Surgery in Manhattan, New York. We expect to enroll a total of 40 subjects in this study at these study sites. Visits will be as follows: Visit 1: Initial screening visit: Review of medical records and questionnaire completion. Visit 2 (one month after initial visit) & Visit 3 (2 months after initial visit): Questionnaire relating to any changes that may have taken place since recruitment. Brief physical examination by the study doctor. Overall participation: Over a period of 8 weeks. Sample Collection: At each study visit, a sample of blood will be obtained (approximately 6.5 tablespoons of whole blood) via one needle stick. A take-home stool sample collection kit will be provided. Stool samples will be obtained within 24 hours before or after blood collection and delivered (or mailed) to a study site. 2 kits will be provided at the initial visit, 1 kit will be provided at the follow up visit at month 1.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in September 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Yale University.