This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition schizophrenia
Treatments fingolimod, placebo
Phase phase 2
Sponsor Indiana University
Start date January 2013
End date August 2016
Trial size 40 participants
Trial identifier NCT01779700, 11T-001


This will be a single site safety and proof of concept study conducted at the Indiana University Psychotic Disorders Program. Forty subjects with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorders will be randomized 1:1 to double-blind treatment with fingolimod or matched placebo for duration of 8 weeks.

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification safety study
Intervention model single group assignment
Masking double blind (subject, caregiver, investigator, outcomes assessor)
Primary purpose treatment
(Active Comparator)
0.5mg of fingolimod, oral administration, daily, for 8 weeks.
fingolimod gilenya
0.5mg each day of 8 week cycle
(Placebo Comparator)
placebo, oral administration, daily, for 8 weeks.
placebo sugar pill
1 tablet each day of 8 week cycle

Primary Outcomes

Dosing Safety
time frame: 8 weeks

Secondary Outcomes

Cognition, including executive functioning, verbal fluency, attention, task switching, and motor speed
time frame: 8 weeks
verbal memory
time frame: 8 weeks
Positive and Negative Symptoms of Schizophrenia
time frame: 8 weeks
plasma cytokines
time frame: 8 weeks
working memory
time frame: 8 weeks
DTI-derived FA
time frame: 8 weeks

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 18 years up to 65 years old.

Inclusion - 18 to 65 yrs, able to give informed consent - DSM IV-TR Diagnosis of schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder - Previous and/or current exposure to one of the following antipsychotic medications (clozapine, olanzapine, risperidone, paliperidone, haloperidol, quetiapine) as defined by a minimum of 8 weeks in duration greater than or equal to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved therapeutic range for schizophrenia at the time of study entry OR previous and/or current exposure to two antipsychotic medications as defined by a minimum of 4 weeks in duration and greater than or equal to the FDA approved therapeutic range for schizophrenia at the time of study entry - willing to participate in a minimum of 1 day of hospitalization - Clinical stability: 1. CGI-S score of < 4 at randomization AND 2. no exacerbation of illness within 4 weeks prior to randomization, leading to an intensification of psychiatric care in the opinion of the investigator AND 3. antipsychotic treatment stability for at least 4 weeks prior to randomization - Female subjects of childbearing potential must test negative for pregnancy at screening and agree to use a single, effective, medically acceptable method of birth control for the duration of the study and for two months following cessation of study medication - Subjects must agree not to consume tonic water for the duration of the study and for two months following cessation of study medication - Sub-optimally treated positive OR negative symptoms as defined by the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS): 1. BPRS positive symptom factor (conceptual disorganization, hallucinations, suspiciousness, unusual thought content) score of > 4 on any one item or a sum > 8 on the factor 2. BPRS negative symptom factor (motor retardation, blunted affect, inappropriate affect) score of > 4 on any one item or a sum > 6 on the factor Exclusion - Subjects who are considered prisoners per the IU Standard Operating Procedures for Research Involving Human Subjects - Current acute, serious, or unstable medical conditions - Clinically significant electrocardiogram abnormality: corrected QT interval >450 msec (M) or >470 msec (F) prior to randomization OR sinus bradycardia (HR < 50 beats/min) - Subjects who have experienced the following within the six months prior to study entry: myocardial infarction, unstable angina, stroke, transient ischemic attach (TIA), decompensated heart failure requiring hospitalization or Class III/IV heart failure - Hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia, or congenital long-QT syndrome - Known HIV+ status - Active seizure disorder - Pregnant or lactating women or women who plan to become pregnant or will be lactating within two months after cessation of study drug - Implanted pacemaker, medication pump, vagal stimulator, deep brain stimulator, TENS unit, ventriculoperitoneal shunt, or other contraindication to undergoing an MRI scan - Class1a or class 3 antiarrhythmic agents, beta blockers, diltiazem, verapamil, digoxin, tricyclic antidepressants, warfarin, ketoconazole, ketamine - Subjects likely to need a live attenuated vaccine during the course of the study or within two months after stopping study medication - Subjects with no history of chicken pox or chicken pox vaccination, or with a negative VZV titer - Active herpes simplex outbreak, mononucleosis, or zoster - Subjects with histories of ischemic heart disease, myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, cardiac arrest, cerebrovascular disease, unexplained or recurrent syncope, cardiac conduction prolongations (prolonged P-R interval), cardiac arrhythmias, symptomatic bradycardia, or severe untreated sleep apnea - Antineoplastic, immunosuppressive, or immune modulating therapies - History of macular edema or uveitis - Known IQ < 70 - Current active fungal or viral infection - Current DSM IV-TR diagnosis of substance dependence (excluding caffeine and nicotine) - Positive urine toxicology screen for the following: cocaine, barbiturates, methamphetamine, opiate, methadone, phencyclidine, or amphetamine prior to randomization - Test positive for (1) Hep C virus antibody, (2) Hep B surface antigen (HBsAg) with or without positive Hep B core total antibody, (3) HIV 1 or 2 antibodies, or (4) Mantoux tuberculin test. - Moderate to severe renal impairment as defined by creatinine clearance < 60 ml/min at screening - Hepatic impairment as defined by liver transaminases or total bilirubin > 3 × upper limit of normal - Subjects considered a high risk for suicidal acts - active suicidal ideation OR any suicide attempt in 90 days prior to screening - Subjects who have participated in a clinical trial with any pharmacological treatment intervention for which they received study-related medication in the 4 weeks prior to screening OR Subjects currently receiving treatment (within 1 dosing interval + 4 weeks) with an investigational depot formulation of an antipsychotic medication - Subjects who demonstrate overtly aggressive behavior or who are deemed to pose a homicidal risk in the investigator's opinion

Additional Information

Official title Safety and Efficacy of Fingolimod in Schizophrenia Patients Who Have Suboptimal Responses to Antipsychotic Drug Treatment
Principal investigator Alan Breier, MD
Description Study Design: This will be a single site safety and proof of concept study conducted at the Indiana University Psychotic Disorders Program. Forty subjects with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorders will be randomized 1:1 to double-blind treatment with fingolimod or matched placebo for duration of 8 weeks. All subjects will be admitted to the Indiana Clinical and Translational Sciences Institute Clinical Research Center (CRC) and remain hospitalized for the first 24 (+/- 2) hours post initial dose of study medication. The CRC is located in Indiana University Hospital and has 24 hour staffing with nurses skilled in conducting Phase 1 and Phase 2 investigational drug studies. Background and Rationale: Schizophrenia is a severe brain disorder that begins during the teenage years and early twenties and typically progresses to a life-long chronic illness marked by psychotic symptoms, cognitive impairment and poor functioning. A leading hypothesis to account for the symptoms and cognitive dysfunction of this disorder is that abnormalities exist in cortical circuits, particularly in frontal and temporal areas. An interest in cortical circuitry has led to a focus on the integrity of cortical white matter tracts as possibly contributing to the pathophysiology of this illness. Indeed, several lines of evidence have supported abnormalities in white matter structure and function in schizophrenia. Numerous myelin-related genes and their functional expression have been associated with schizophrenia. Moreover, quantitative and qualitative abnormalities in prefrontal cortical oligodendrocytes have been found in postmortem studies. MRI-determined volumetric reductions in prefrontal white matter have been reported in schizophrenia. Advances in MRI technology have enhanced the ability to study white matter pathology in vivo. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and fractional anisotropy (FA) provides an assessment of the density and integrity of white matter tracts. Decreased FA has been reported in many de-myelinating diseases including multiple sclerosis (MS), leukodystrophies, and HIV. Numerous studies using DTI have reported decrements in FA in schizophrenia with the most consistent abnormalities occurring in frontal cortical white matter. Also, FA has been shown to be sensitive to therapeutic drug effects in MS which supports DTI-derived FA as an outcome measure in clinical trials of neuroprotective agents. Fingolimod (FTY720, approved as Gilenya™ ) is a sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) receptor modulator and recently licensed in the USA and several other countries for relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis (MS). It is administered as a once per day oral preparation. In registration clinical trials, it had positive effects on brain atrophy, MRI-determined axonal lesions and relapse rates. Significant improvement in the mean number of MRI assessed T1 gadolinium (Gd) enhanced lesions/patient and the percentage of patients free of T1 Gd-enhanced lesions was observed within 6 months of treatment and there was evidence of clinical improvement as early as 2 months after treatment initiation
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in July 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Indiana University.