Parenting Styles and Parent-Offspring Communication on Sexuality Issues
This trial is active, not recruiting.
|Conditions||delay in sexual debut among adolescents, knowledge about condom use, parent-child communication, frequency and quality|
|Treatments||classroom-based component, sti/hiv prevention education, homework assignment component, parenting component|
|Sponsor||Child Health & Development Centre|
|Collaborator||University of Bergen|
|Start date||January 2010|
|End date||September 2012|
|Trial size||1700 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT01772628, 241945 PREPARE|
The main objective of the study was to develop a novel intervention method which could reduce the spread of Sexually Transmitted Infections (including HIV) and unwanted pregnancies by improving parent-child communication using schools as gateways.
It was done in 22 public day and mixed secondary schools in both Kampala and Wakiso districts. The study employed a cluster randomized controlled trial experimental design. Eligible schools were purposively selected and stratified into urban, peri-urban and rural. The schools were then matched into pairs for potential confounding variables such as religion and gender. In total, 11 schools were randomly allocated to the intervention and an equal number of schools to the comparison arms of the study.
A questionnaire was administered to students at baseline and post-intervention. This questionnaire was validated in test re-test on approximately 200 S1 students from 2 schools that did not participate in the intervention nor the comparison arm. A parents'/guardians' questionnaire was also administered both at baseline then at post intervention. This questionnaire was also pre-tested among approximately 200 parents of S1 students who participated in the test re-test. The results of the pre-test were used to finalize the questionnaire. To increase the extent to which questions were understood, the English versions of questionnaires were translated into one of the widely spoken local language Luganda.
|United States||No locations recruiting|
|Other Countries||No locations recruiting|
|Intervention model||parallel assignment|
Evidence of increased frequency of parent-child communication about sex and sexual risk reduction strategies after implementation of intervention components
time frame: Up to 14 weeks after intervening in 11 intervention schools
Evidence of intentions to delay sexual debut after intervention
time frame: 14 weeks after intervention in 11 intervention schools
Male or female participants from 12 years up to 14 years old.
Inclusion Criteria: - Public day school - Mixed secondary schools located in Kampala and Wakiso districts - Parents/guardians provide written consent Exclusion Criteria: - Decline to consent - Decline to assent
|Official title||Promoting Parent-Child Communication on Selected Sexual and Reproductive Health Issues Among Young Secondary School Adolescents in Kampala and Wakiso Districts|
|Principal investigator||Anne R Katahoire, PhD|
|Description||Various studies and reviews conducted mainly in developed countries have demonstrated that parent-child communication complimented by school based comprehensive sex education programs aimed at delay in sexual debut and promotion of safer sex practices work. However, there is limited information about such studies in developing countries like Uganda. The Randomized Controlled Trial targeted 2 populations; students admitted to S1 in 2012 and their parents. Specifically the Randomized Controlled Trial aimed to (i) increase proportion of students with intentions to delay sexual debut (ii) increase knowledge and influence attitudes of adolescents about condoms (iii) increase the frequency of parent-child communication (iv) improve the quality of parent-child communication through structured homework. The Randomized Controlled Trial comprised 3 components: the classroom-based component; the parent component and the homework assignment component. Sexual and reproductive health topics were integrated in 8 English and 8 Christian Religious education double lessons lasting 90 minutes. For each lesson there was a corresponding homework that a student was expected to complete with their parent/guardian. Teachers were re-trained in pedagogical skills in preparation for implementation of the intervention. At the same time, parents were trained in communication skills and assisted to improve their parenting skills in 3 one-day workshops. The 11 schools randomized to comparison schools will have delayed intervention. A pre- and post-intervention survey was conducted for both students using a standardized questionnaire to assess changes in parent-child communication as well as knowledge, attitudes and intentions to delay sexual debut. A simultaneous pre-and post intervention survey using a standardized questionnaire was also conducted among parents of students participating in the intervention to assess change in communication with their children and parenting practices. For every component, quantitative and qualitative data was collected to evaluate the processes of delivering the evaluation. Statistical analysis will be carried out using appropriate statistical software. Frequencies and means when appropriate will be calculated for each variable and for summary scale at baseline and post-intervention measurements. Inter-item correlation coefficients for each scale will be assessed using Cronbach's alpha. T-test for mean differences, kappa statistics and McNemar test for non-independent samples will be used to assess changes in knowledge, attitudes and intentions between baseline and post-intervention. Content analysis will be done for homework. The results from this intervention will contribute to Millennium Development Goals 2, 4, 6 and 6, which aims to combat HIV/AIDS and other diseases, maternal and child deaths and by focusing on education and involving school teachers, the study will also contribute towards the quality aspects universal primary education.|
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