This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition type 2 diabetes
Treatments intermittent insulin therapy, continuous metformin
Phase phase 3
Sponsor Mount Sinai Hospital, Canada
Collaborator Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)
Start date April 2013
End date December 2017
Trial size 24 participants
Trial identifier NCT01755468, 12-0263-A Pilot


Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic disorder characterized by progressive deterioration in the function of the pancreatic beta-cells, which are the cells that produce and secrete insulin (the hormone primarily responsible for the handling of glucose in the body). The investigators propose a pilot randomized controlled trial to determine whether intermittent intensive insulin therapy is an effective therapeutic strategy that can preserve pancreatic beta-cell function and maintain glycemic control early in the course of type 2 diabetes.

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Intervention model parallel assignment
Primary purpose treatment
Masking no masking
(Active Comparator)
After a 3-week course of intensive insulin therapy, participants will be treated with ongoing metformin monotherapy. Metformin will be initiated at 500mg twice a day for the first 2 weeks, before progressing to 1000mg twice a day for the duration of the trial (24 months).
continuous metformin Metformin
After a 3-week course of intensive insulin therapy, participants will receive intermittent intensive insulin therapy for 2 weeks every 3 months. The 2-week course of insulin therapy will be repeated at 3-, 6-, 9-, 12-, 15-,18- and 21-months, with final outcome measurement performed at 24-months
intermittent insulin therapy Basal insulin glargine and pre-meal insulin lispro

Primary Outcomes

Baseline-adjusted beta-cell function at 2 years, measured by Insulin Secretion-Sensitivity Index-2 (ISSI-2).
time frame: 2 years

Secondary Outcomes

Baseline-adjusted glycemic control at 2-years.
time frame: 2 years

Eligibility Criteria

All participants from 30 years up to 80 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: 1. Men and women between the ages of 30 and 80 years inclusive 2. T2DM diagnosed by a physician /= 23 kg/m2 7. Negative pregnancy test at recruitment for all women with childbearing potential Exclusion Criteria: 1. Current anti-diabetic treatment with insulin, sulfonylurea, thiazolidinedione, alpha-glucosidase inhibitor, GLP-1 agonist or dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor 2. Type 1 diabetes or secondary forms of diabetes 3. History of hypoglycemia unawareness or severe hypoglycemia requiring assistance 4. Any major illness with a life expectancy of <5 years 5. Hypersensitivity to insulin, metformin or the formulations of these products 6. Renal dysfunction as evidenced by estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <50 ml/min 7. Hepatic disease considered to be clinically significant (includes jaundice, chronic hepatitis, previous liver transplant) or transaminases >2.5 X upper limit of normal 8. History of congestive heart failure 9. Excessive alcohol consumption, defined as >14 alcoholic drinks per week for males and >9 alcoholic drinks per week for females 10. Unwillingness to administer insulin therapy or perform capillary blood glucose monitoring at least 4 times per day while receiving IIT 11. Pregnancy or unwillingness to use reliable contraception. Women should not be planning pregnancy for the duration of the study or the first 3 months after the study. Reliable contraception includes birth control pill, intra-uterine device, abstinence, tubal ligation, partner vasectomy, or condoms with spermicide. 12. Non-adherence to the induction phase or any factor likely to limit adherence to the study protocol, in the opinion of the investigator

Additional Information

Official title A Randomized Controlled Trial to Evaluate Early Intermittent Intensive Insulin Therapy as an Effective Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes: REmission Studies Evaluating Type 2 DM - Intermittent Insulin Therapy (RESET-IT Pilot Study)
Principal investigator Ravi Retnakaran, MD
Description In this study, eligible patients with type 2 diabetes will be randomized to either intermittent insulin therapy or continuous metformin therapy, after both arms have first undergone a short course of intensive insulin therapy. The hypothesis under study is whether intermittent insulin therapy can better preserve beta-cell function.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in March 2017.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Mount Sinai Hospital, Canada.